The United Earth Starfleet, often known simply as Starfleet, was the space agency of United Earth in the mid 22nd century, prior to the formation of the United Federation of Planets and the Federation Starfleet.
Starfleet was chartered in the early 22nd century, presumably as a branch of the United Earth Space Probe Agency. Jonathan Archer joined soon after its inception, after previously considering joining the Earth Cargo Service.
In 2151, Starfleet launched Enterprise NX-01 its first Warp Five vessel, followed in 2153 by Columbia NX-02. These two ships were largely responsible for establishing United Earth as a legitimate interstellar power and paving the way for the founding of the Federation.
Unlike its future incarnation, the Earth Starfleet was not a military organization, but rather was purely scientific and exploratory in its mission. MACOs fulfilled any military functions needed aboard Earth Starfleet vessels. (ENT episode: "The Expanse") This separation of roles underwent modification with the creation of the Coalition of Planets, and in the lead-up to the Earth-Romulan War, when Starfleet was called upon more and more to provide defensive and offensive service. (ENT novel: Kobayashi Maru, ST - Destiny novel: Gods of Night)
|This section is written
from the Real World
point of view.
The serial novel Starfleet: Year One used the name Earth Command to identify the controlling authority of Earth's defensive forces during the Earth-Romulan War. As it was written prior to the debut of Star Trek: Enterprise, much of what it establishes about pre-Federation Earth has been contradicted.
|Federation Starfleet | Klingon Defense Force | Romulan Imperial Fleet | Cardassian Central Command (Cardassian Guard) | United Earth Starfleet (UFP) | Andorian Imperial Guard (UFP) | Bajoran Milita (UFP)|