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Muppet

Up to date as of February 02, 2010

From Muppet Wiki

The Bible is the foundation text of modern Christianity, and the term also applies to the Jewish holy book. Though the two overlap, and deal with the same God, they are not identical.

References

  • Philippians 2:12 is quoted in the documentary Youth '68.
  • The Dinosaurs episode "The Golden Child" featured the Book of the Dinosaurs, a sacred text patterned after the Bible.
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This article uses material from the "The Bible" article on the Muppet wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Lostpedia

Up to date as of February 07, 2010
(Redirected to Bible article)

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The Bible
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Lost contains numerous references to the Bible.

Contents

Explicit references

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Physical appearances

We later learn that it contained a missing piece of the Swan orientation film. ("What Kate Did").
Eko then makes reference to an Old Testament story about Josiah and the book found during Josiah's rule, before giving the lost fragment of the orientation film to Locke.
  • Eko find's Yemi's King James Bible in the church. The picture of young Eko and Yemi was placed in between Isaiah chapters 4 and 5 (about God's judgement) and was apparently the last thing Yemi read before going to the airstrip. ("The Cost of Living")

Episode titles

  • "Numbers" (Book 4 of the Old Testament--the name comes from two censuses taken during the 40 years the Israelites wandered the desert before entering the promised land in Canaan)
  • "Exodus, Part 1"/"Exodus, Part 2"
  • "The 23rd Psalm"
  • "Fire + Water" "I baptize you with water for repentance. But after me will come one who is more powerful than I, whose sandals I am not fit to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire" (Matt 3:11) John the Baptist re- Jesus. This is the episode about Baptism.
  • "Stranger in a Strange Land" Gershom was the firstborn son of Moses and Zipporah (Exodus 2:22: And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange land. Gershom's name may be literary translated as "a stranger there" (גר שם ger sham), referring to Moses' flight from Egypt.

Bible verses quoted

  • Eko recites Psalm 23 in the episode "The 23rd Psalm" and begins to recite it in "The Cost of Living" immediately before the "Monster" kills him.
  • In the Ajira Airways website, the source code includes the verse John 3:16: "For God so loved the world that he gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life."

Eko's Stick

The following Biblical references can be found carved on Eko's stick:

Psalm 23: Highly significant, often quoted passage in Christianity. Makes explicit mention of God's rod and staff (Psalm 23:4- "...Your Rod and Staff, they comfort me." Also, a possible allusion to The Monster (Psalm 23:4- "Even though I walk through the valley of the Shadow of death..."). The Psalmist says they will not be afraid for God is with them (Psalm 23:4- "...I will fear no evil for you are with me...") which is paralleled in Eko's confrontation with The Monster

Acts 4:12: "Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved" The book of Acts was written as the second volume of the Gospel of Luke. This passage is a refutation of all religions, and the proclamation that only Christ can provide salvation. The speaker of this passage is Peter who, along with John, has just spent the night in prison for preaching.

Colossians: Written by the apostle Paul. The epistle has today been divided into 4 chapters. The main themes throughout the Epistle are reconciliation with Christ and rules for Christian living. Life and Death imagery is found in Col 2:13 - "When you were dead in your sins... God made you alive with Christ...". There is also explicit reference to the show's theme of Parent issues in Col 3:21 - "Fathers, do not embitter your children, or they will become discouraged"

Hab 1:3: From the book of Habakkuk, the 8th of the 12 minor prophets. This book is essentially a dialogue between Habakkuk and YHWH, The LORD. In this sense Habakkuk is unique amongst the minor Prophets for challenging God. In Hab 1:3 he is essentially demanding an answer for the Problem of Evil ([1]). Habakkuk asks God "Why do you make me look at injustice?, Why do you tolerate wrong?.." and "Destruction and violence are before me; there is strife, and conflict abounds." God answers that in solution, He is going to raise up the Babylonians presumably for war.

Lift Up Your Eyes and Look North (Genesis 13:14): Interestingly this is only a partial quote that misrepresents the Scripture and gives a new meaning to the text. This adaption of the text strongly lends itself to the theory that Mr Eko is writing specifically to John Locke. The original scripture reads "The LORD said to Abram after Lot had parted from him, "Lift up your eyes from where you are and look north and south, east and west". The omission of the other directions clearly serves the purpose of directing John Locke somewhere. The scripture itself is the beginning of YHWH's covenant with Abram (whose name is later changed to Abraham. YHWH asks Abram, who is in Canaan, at the time to look around in all directions; he says that the land will belong to Abram, and that Abram's decendents will be as numerous as the dust (from which Adam and Eve were created) upon the earth. This is a particularly significant passage as it refers to the Covenant God, the Covenant Land and the Covenant people (which is the beginning of the Jewish (and thus; Christian) faith)). Abraham is father of Isaac, who is father of Jacob. The three are generally held to be the great patriarchs of the religion; "The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob" (Exodus 3:16 et al.)

John 3:05 Firstly it important to note the non-standardized referencing used here. This should have been written 'John 3:5' the fact that Mr Eko has chosen to do otherwise is revealed to be significant. Perhaps this is meant to symbolize a revelation, or a vision from Mr Eko. Nevertheless John 3:5 reads "Jesus answered, "I tell you the truth, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit." this is Jesus' reply to Nicodemus, one of the Pharisees who is questioning Jesus on the idea of re-birth. This significant piece of scripture allows for Adult Baptism (Claire in Fire + Water) and insists that Baptism must be by the Holy Spirit, not just water. The Gospel of John was written for a Gentile (Non-Jewish) audience.

Luke One of the main themes in Luke is the re-orientation of Salvation from the future to the present. That is to say that one does not need to wait in order to claim spiritual gifts or healing; it is available now. Luke focuses on the idea of Jesus (and thus, Salvation) for everyone. Perhaps significant is the fact that Luke is sometimes called, or believed to be (because of his writing style) "the Doctor" (Col 4:14) Medical personnel

Psalm 14 Is about how those who are corrupt fear the righteous for God is on the side of the Righteous (Ps. 14:5). The Psalm is essentially about the corrupt nature of the world and also of Israel, it looks forward to salvation (rescue). Psalm 14 also includes a reference to Jacob; Ps. 14:7 - "When the LORD restores the fortunes of his people, let Jacob rejoice and Israel be glad!"

Rev 5:3 Revelation is part of a genre known as apocalypticism. It is rich with symbolism and metaphors and is otherwise known as "The Apocalypse of John" and deals with the Apocalypse and the coming of the Kingdom of God. The scripture Rev 5:3 reads "But no one in heaven or on earth or under the earth could open the scroll or even look inside it." It is contained in a narrative of the author's religious visions. The scroll referred to cannot be opened by anyone apart from The Lamb (Jesus) who alone is worthy to do so. When Jesus reads the scroll it is found to contain a list of the saved; 144,000 in all. 12,000 from each of the 12 tribes of Israel including the tribe of Benjamin. This may be an illusion to the Shows theme of Lists.

Rom 6:12 This book was written as indicated by it's title to the Church in Rome. The particular verse referenced reads "Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body so that you obey its evil desires" and is part of Paul's invocation to become dead to sin and alive in Christ (Life and Death). Essentially Paul urges one to offer themselves to God and assures them of their salvation through Jesus' death.

Titus 3 Titus was one of Paul's dearest partners in faith, and this is a letter from Paul to Titus. Since Mr. Eko used to be a criminal and now considers himself a priest, this may be significant. Titus 3 in particular is concerned with the previously sinful nature of the clergy before they came to know Christ, and were "Justified by grace" (Titus 3:7) and emphasizes the Mercy of Jesus.

Biblical allusions

Biblical names

Old Testament

  • Adam and Eve are the first people created in the Bible.
  • Seth is the son of Adam. Jacob is a direct descendant of Adam and Seth.
  • Jacob buys his brother Esau's birth right for a bowl of soup. He is the grandson of Abraham (from which the name Bram is derived), and the father of Benjamin and Dan and the great-great-grandfather of Aaron.
  • Aaron is the brother of Moses.
  • Naomi is the mother-in-law of Ruth.
  • Sarah is the mother of Isaac.
  • Isaac is the father of Jacob.
  • Rachel is the wife of Jacob and the mother of Benjamin.
  • Daniel is a significant Hebrew prophet, exiled in Babylon where he is drawn out of retirement to interpret signs.
  • Michael is the only archangel designated in the Bible.
  • Ethan is a cymbal-player in King David's court.

New Testament

  • John the Baptist was Jesus' second cousin. John is also the name of one of Jesus' closest disciples, generally believed to be "the disciple whom Jesus loved".
  • James is the "brother" of Jesus. Two of Jesus' disciples are also named James (one of which became a prominent leader in the Jerusalem church and authored the book of James).
  • Thomas (Tom) is the disciple of Jesus Christ popularly referred to as "Doubting Thomas".
  • Abaddon is a Hebrew word for destruction, or place of the abyss, according to Revelation 9:11. Abaddon is often believed by biblical scholars to be Satan, the antichrist or a dark angel.
  • Christian Shephard's given name is an adjective used to refer to the religion founded by Jesus Christ or its followers.
  • Desmond's sailboat was named Elizabeth, who was the cousin of Mary and the mother of John the Baptist, who as mentioned above was the second cousin of Jesus.
  • Matthew was a tax collector who became a Disciple of Christ.
  • Simon was a disciple of Jesus. Simon was later renamed Peter after he became closer to Jesus and by then he is referred to as an apostle.

The Shadow of Death

The Monster/Cerberus may be an allusion to the Shadow of Death that is referred to in the Bible:

Psalm 23:4- "Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me."

Job 38:17- "Have the gates of death been shown to you? Have you seen the gates of the shadow of death?"

Isaiah 9:2- "The people walking in darkness, have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned." (Quoted in Matthew 4:16)

Luke 1:79- "to shine on those living in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the path of peace" re- John the Baptist going ahead of Jesus.

Jacob's Ladder

Jacob's Ladder refers to the story told in Genesis 28:11-19, during which the biblical patriarch Jacob has a dream or vision of a ladder to heaven ascended and descended by angels. In this Biblical story, God reassures Jacob of the Covenant, promising him land and numerous descendants. In the New Testament, Jesus alludes to Jacob's ladder saying "I tell you the truth, you shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man." (John 1:51)

Moses/Aaron

There is much Moses imagery to be found in Lost.

Charlie's Dreams: In Exodus 1 and 2 we find the story of the Israelites being made slaves in Egypt. When their population becomes too large the Pharaoh commands the midwives to kill all male Israelite babies born but to allow the girls to live. They will not do this and tell Pharaoh that they have failed because the Israelite women give birth before they arrive. So Pharaoh gives the commandment that all Israelite male babies should be thrown into the Nile to drown. When an Israelite couple from the house of Levi have their first son they do not have the heart to drown him and so his mother hides him for 3 months "But when she could hide him no longer, she got a papyrus basket for him and coated it with tar and pitch. Then she placed the child in it and put it among the reeds along the bank of the Nile." (Exodus 2:3). He is found by the Pharaoh's daughter and named Moses. He grows up in Pharaoh's household but when he is older he leads the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt to the Promised Land.

In Charlie's dream Aaron is seen floating in his crib out to sea. Also the Others are interested in raising children as their own, they say that they give them a better life. They have raised Alex as their own, and have shown a particular interest in Aaron. Raised by Another also seems to be an allusion to the fact that Aaron is destined to be raised by someone else.

Eko's Stick Moses famously carried a Staff which he used to perform miraculous signs. Including throwing it down and having it turn into a snake and staff (The Staff, Medical personnel) so that people would know he had been sent by YHWH. This Staff is the same used when The Red Sea (actually translated as the REED sea, a smaller sea) was parted. Mr Eko's Jesus Stick guided John Locke towards the Barracks with it's inscription "Lift up your eyes and look North John 3:05".

Aaron's rod (Moses' brother) had miraculous power (Ex. 7)

Infertility

  • In the ancient world barrenness was associated with disfavor from God. YHWH often chooses barren women or women far past the age of childbearing and allows them to have children. This almost always shows that the miraculous child will be significant.
  • Sarai/Sarah, Abraham's wife, is infertile but God tells Abraham that Sarah will have a son, which she does and calls him Isaac.
  • Rebekkah, Isaac's wife, is barren, but Isaac prays to the Lord on her behalf, and she becomes pregnant.
  • Rachel, Jacob's wife, is barren but is cured of her infertility.
  • Hannah is infertile, but then has seven sons.
  • Samson's mother Anonymous, but miraculously gives birth to the Judge Samson.
  • Elizabeth is beyond child-bearing years, but she conceives and gives birth to John the Baptist.

The four-toed statue

In Daniel 2 the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar calls all "...magicians, enchanters, sorcerers and astrologers.." (Daniel 2:2) to interpret a dream he has had, but the king cannot tell them what the dream was. Furious that no one can tell him what his dream was, the king orders the execution of all the diviners and wise men. Daniel, a Jewish man exiled to Babylon and trained in the kingdom's literature, manages to stay his execution and receives a vision from God in a dream. He then goes to the king and is able to tell him and interpret the dream, which involves an "image" (statue) composed of various materials—most notably, feet partly of iron and partly of clay—destroyed by a stone. (Dreams and visions)

The Lost Supper

The cast picture for season 6 is a recreation of The Last Supper, a 15th century painting by Leonardo da Vinci. The Last Supper was the last meal Jesus shared with his twelve Apostles and before his death. Accoring to what Paul the Apostle recounted in 1 Corinthians 11:23–26, with specific reference to eating bread and drinking from a cup, Jesus told his disciples "Do this in remembrance of me". In the cast picture there are 14 people, instead of 13. Locke takes the place of Jesus, Jack the place of 'doubting' Thomas, Sayid the place of Judas Iscariot, and Kate the place of Peter.

See also

External links

Bible Online - read the Bible and search for specific passages

Wikipedia has information related to:

This article uses material from the "Bible" article on the Lostpedia wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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