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T-65 X-wing starfighter: Misc



Up to date as of February 04, 2010

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This article is about the starfighter. You may be looking for the game Star Wars: X-wing.
T-65 X-wing starfighter
Production information

Incom Corporation[1]


T-65 X-wing starfighter



  • 149,999 credits (new)[2]
  • 90,000 credits (used)[2]
Technical specifications

12.5 meters[3]

Maximum acceleration

3,700 G


80 MGLT[3]

Maximum speed (atmosphere)

1,050 km/h (higher speeds possible with deflector shields on)[3]

Engine unit(s)

Alternate configuration:

Hyperdrive rating

Class 1.0[3]

Hyperdrive system

Incom GBk-585 hyperdrive unit[4]

Power plant

Novaldex 04-Z power generator[4]


Chempat "Defender" deflector shield generator[3](50 SBD)


Titanium alloy hull[4]

Sensor systems

Carbanti transceiver package:

Targeting systems

Fabritech ANq 3.6 tracking computer and IN-344-B "Sightline" holographic imaging system[4]

Navigation system

Astromech droid (normally programmed for 10 jumps)[4]


Torplex Rq8.Y flight computer[4]


Aft chaff/flare launcher (1)



Cargo capacity

110 kilograms[3]


1 week

Other systems


  • Space superiority starfighter
  • Escort
"The Incom T-65 X-wing is the fighter that killed the Death Star. An almost perfect balance of speed, maneuverability, and defensive shielding make it the fighter of choice for Rogue Squadron."
General Carlist Rieekan

The Incom T-65 X-wing starfighter was the primary all-purpose starfighter of the Rebel Alliance and its successor governments. Known for its versatility and exceptional combat performance, it was a favorite with Rebel and New Republic pilots. Possessing deflector shields, a hyperdrive, an R2 astromech for repairs and navigation, and a complement of proton torpedoes, the X-wing allowed the Rebellion to launch raids in Imperial space with improved odds of a successful mission.

The X-wing played a major role in the Galactic Civil War following its capture on Fresia and the defection of its designers to the Alliance. It was most heralded as the fighter that destroyed the Death Star at the hands of young farmboy Luke Skywalker. Later in the war, it defended Alliance ships and led attacks on Imperial vessels and installations.

Pilots of Rogue Squadron favored using the multi-role X-wing fighter, flying it as often as they could on most missions; they only employed other craft for highly specialized missions, such as missions that required ion cannons. The X-wing was so predominantly flown by Rebel and New Republic forces that it became a symbol of their faction, much like the TIE fighter and Star Destroyer were symbols of the Galactic Empire.

Eventually, the T-65 model was outclassed by later, more up-to-date units. However, even with the inflow of new starfighters to the New Republic's arsenal, the T-65 X-wing was still in service.



X-wing starfighters in the pivotal Battle of Yavin.

X-wings were reasonably maneuverable starfighters. They had two pairs of wing-like strike-foils, or S-foils, mounted at the rear of the craft on opposite sides. The foils on each side locked in place flush against each other; during combat, however, the foils were folded out to increase the spread coverage of the laser cannons mounted at the tips of the foils. This gave the craft its distinctive "X"-like appearance when viewed from the front or rear. The cannons on some earlier models could not be fired with the S-foils in locked position, perhaps as a safety feature. During hyperspace travel, the S-foils remained locked to conserve energy.

In some models, its already impressive velocity was tweaked to allow short microbursts of speed. However, in order to utilize this feature, the weapons systems had to be switched off and the S-foils locked flush against each other. Other models utilized the locked foils while maintaining weapons, albeit at reduced power and accuracy.

The targeting computer on an X-wing.

The X-wing carried four Taim & Bak KX9 laser cannons (listen ), along with dual launch tubes for proton torpedoes. Other warheads, such as concussion missiles, could be fitted as an alternative secondary weapon. However this required a considerable amount of time and effort on the part of the technical crews, and the overall versatility of the proton torpedo was ideally suited to the X-wing's varied mission profile and was therefore the weapon of choice. During the early years of the Galactic Civil War, the Rebellion had a small supply of such weapons, due to their high price. During the Battle of Yavin, for example, most X-wings carried only one set of such warheads, including Luke Skywalker's ship. To aid in the firing of these weapons, an ANq 3.6 tracking computer was installed, giving pilots advanced tactical imagery to target, aim, and launch the torpedoes. This tracking computer had a success rate of 98.7%.

The X-wing's laser cannons had various settings:

  • Single fire, where each cannon fired individually;
  • Dual fire, where two cannons in opposite positions paired up and the pairs fired alternately;
  • Quad fire, where all four cannons (one at each foil-tip) fired together, converging on the target; or
  • Stutter fire, where many underpowered beams were fired in rapid succession (added during Yuuzhan Vong War).
A view of the fusial thrust engines on a X-wing with S-foils locked in closed position.

Sublight propulsion was generated by four Incom 4L4 fusial thrust engines, which gave the starfighter relatively fast space and atmospheric speed. The X-wing, unlike most fighters of the TIE series, was equipped with a hyperdrive. This made it capable of entering hyperspace, and allowed it to operate independent from large support ships. Fighter squadrons could strike out on their own, without the need for a carrier; this autonomy suited the Rebellion, as it served their hit-and-run tactics perfectly.

The fighter had space for one pilot, assisted by a droid (such as an R2-series astromech droid unit) in an external socket, which monitored the status of the craft and could make emergency repairs. The onboard droid also managed hyperspace calculations, operated individual systems, and could even fly the craft without the aid of a pilot. This would allow the pilot to rest during missions, or save labor as the X-wing was routinely moved around inside hangar bays.

The X-wing's flight controls were similar to those of the T-16 skyhopper, an airspeeder also produced by Incom Corporation. This meant pilots were able to adapt with minimal training. A skilled recruit with enough hours on a T-16 could pilot an X-wing within hours of first entering the craft. Rebel technicians used this fact to train new pilots without using any of the expensive X-wings. This also allowed future X-Wing pilots to be trained undercover on Empire-controlled worlds.


"Time to retire those old Z-95s! These X-wings can handle anything the Empire can throw at us!"
Raymus Antilles after the victory at Fresia
An X-wing pilot targets an enemy.

The X-wing was originally designed by Incom Corporation for the Empire by Vors Voorhorian, but the entire engineering team defected to the Rebel Alliance with the prototypes hidden on Fresia. It was directly descended from the old Z-95 Headhunter, built by Incom and Subpro, with lessons learned from the ARC-170 starfighter. After four prototypes were extracted from Fresia during the Battle of Fresia, it first encountered Imperial forces in the Battle of Turkana.[6] Many more of the ships were liberated from an Incom assembly facility prior to the Battle of Yavin.[7]

The X-wing was continually updated throughout its design lifetime. The original T-65AC1 fielded by the Rebel Alliance was a competent strike fighter for its time, but was soon supplanted by the T-65AC2, boasting improved acceleration. The T-65AC3 had improved avionics, shields, and sensors; the T-65AC4 was primarily another engine upgrade, which made it nearly the equal of the RZ-1 A-wing interceptor. One notable design, the T-65D-A1, replaced the astromech droid with an internal computer core for hyperdrive jump calculations but was considered a failure (partially due to ease of sabotage). The TX-65 was the X-wing trainer variant. There was also a T65B X-wing starfighter in the works during the Galactic Civil War, which was being developed on Dac by Rebels and Incom technicians. The traitor Ral Shawgrim nearly managed to transfer the plans to the Empire-aligned Sienar Fleet Systems, but was thwarted by Rebel operatives[8], and the T-65B made it into service at some point before the Battle of Mindor.[9]

A T-65 firing in dual-fire mode.

Famous uses included the Battle of Yavin, where an X-wing piloted by Luke Skywalker destroyed the Empire's first Death Star, although nearly all the other X-wings that participated in the battle were destroyed. An X-wing piloted by Wedge Antilles also helped destroy the second Death Star's reactor at the Battle of Endor, in concert with Millennium Falcon, starting off a chain reaction that completely destroyed the battlestation.

It had been intended that the X-wing series would be replaced by the E-wing approximately six years after the Battle of Endor, but initial design issues relating to the weapons placement delayed wide-spread introduction into the New Republic military. Wide-scale deployment of the E-wing did occur (most notably in Fifth Fleet), but X-wing production continued on and may have equipped fighter squadrons not "at the tip of the spear." One notable exception was Rogue Squadron, the Republic's most elite fighter squadron, which was known for its almost exclusive use of the X-wing.

Shortly before the Yuuzhan Vong War, the New Republic fielded the J-series of X-wing, supplementing the more advanced and more expensive Series III E-wing. The XJ added a third torpedo bay where a cargo bay was previously, increasing the proton torpedo load up to nine. Engines, lasers, and avionics were also improved. The XJ was greatly improved in all respects over the earlier designs and was initially issued to starfighter squadrons with Jedi pilots.

T-65 X-wing schematics.

Three variants were developed, culminating with the T-65J3: the ultimate evolution of the X-wing. The X-wing's stutter fire capability was added in the invasion of the Yuuzhan Vong to overwhelm their singularity defenses. Some paramilitary groups were also equipped with earlier J-series fighters (probably the T-65J or the T-65J2); system-defense forces and poorer paramilitary groups may have had X-wings of varying age and capability. Many older X-wings were rebuilt into the T-65BR reconnaissance variant.

By the time of the Killik/Chiss conflict, two new variants of the X-wing were introduced. The first was the XJ5 series, also referred to as the ChaseX. The second variant was the StealthX. The XJ5s were mainly used by the Galactic Reconstruction Police. The Jedi tended to use StealthX or earlier XJ3 series. The StealthX was a covert strike craft, equipped with features that reduced its visibility both visually and to sensors, though it could be located if it was silhouetted or launching proton torpedoes. The StealthX was described as being smaller than the XJ model, which was already half a meter shorter than the T-65C. The StealthX was also described as being a derivative of the XJ3, and likely classified as the XJ4.

By the time of the Second Galactic Civil War, the Galactic Alliance was fielding XJ6s, and Luke Skywalker's Jedi-filled Hardpoint Squadron used these exclusively. The XJ7 would soon follow, being used at least by Rogue Squadron.

There were two conflicting systems of identification for the X-wing. The basic designation "T-65" was constant, but the version modifier was inconsistent. At least two systems were used. One of them uses the suffix "AC1" with the last number incrementing as the fighter was revised. A second system, in which a letter was appended to the end in increasing value (T-65B, T-65D, T-65J, etc.). These were usually thought of as different names for the same variations.

A T-65 X-wing with S-foils in attack position.


During the Galactic Civil War, toy X-wings were apparently popular among children who wished to re-enact the adventures of the heroes of the Alliance. This was reminiscent of the Clone Wars, in which children would often play with action figures and vehicles to create their own version of the war.

Behind the scenes

In addition to miniature X-wings, the production crew of A New Hope constructed a full-sized X-wing for the Yavin 4 hangar sequence. Judicious editing and flat cardboard mock-ups made it appear as if there were dozens of full-sized craft.

The X-wing is one of the only ships that is mentioned by name in the original trilogy. Even then, "X-wing" is only mentioned once throughout the three movies in Empire Strikes Back. However, T-65 is mentioned once by Garven Dreis to Luke Skywalker before the Battle of Yavin in the 2004 edition of A New Hope.

The sound for its engines was generated by a passing artillery shell.


A T-65 X-wing being fired on by a TIE fighter.

Non-canon appearances

  • Star Wars: Jedi Starfighter
  • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones
  • The Flight of the Falcon
  • Star Wars Infinities: A New Hope
  • Star Wars Infinities: The Empire Strikes Back
  • Star Wars Infinities: Return of the Jedi
  • LEGO Star Wars II: The Original Trilogy
  • LEGO Star Wars: The Complete Saga
  • Trooper (Appears in flashback(s))
  • Junkheap Hero
  • A Wookiee Scorned
  • Star Tours
  • Free Memory (Ambiguously canonical source)
  • Star Wars: The Force Unleashed video game — Ultimate Sith Edition


Notes and references

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Star Wars: Complete Cross-Sections
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Official Star Wars Fact File
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Star Wars: Behind the Magic
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 The Stele Chronicles
  5. Battlefront II: Prima Official Game Guide
  6. Star Wars: Empire at War
  7. Star Wars: Empire: Darklighter
  8. Wanted by Cracken from Star Wars Adventure Journal 4
  9. Luke Skywalker and the Shadows of Mindor

External links

X-wing starfighter variants
T-65 series
T-65 X-wing · T-65A2 X-wing · T-65A3 X-wing · T-65AC4 X-wing · T-65B X-wing · T-65BR Recon-X · T-65C-A2 X-wing · T-65D-A1 X-wing · TX-65 Trainer-X · Tandem X-wing
XJ series
XJ X-wing · XJ3 X-wing · XJ5 ChaseX · XJ6 X-wing · XJ7 X-wing
StealthX · X-83 TwinTail starfighter

This article uses material from the "T-65 X-wing starfighter" article on the Starwars wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.


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