|Super Star Destroyer|
Equipped on all known models
Super Star Destroyer (SSD) was a term used by Imperial, Rebel, New Republic and Galactic Alliance personnel for many dagger-shaped warship classes larger than Star Destroyers, ranging from Star Cruiser types to Star Dreadnaught types.
It was often used concurrently with the term Super-class Star Destroyer, both of which capitalized on the general "Star Destroyer" term, which, after getting popular exposure throughout the Clone Wars, came to symbolize weapons that in people's minds could destroy entire star systems.
Darth Vader's command ship, the Executor, was a Super Star Destroyer and one of the most famous Imperial vessels fielded, as was the even deadlier Eclipse, which served as one of Galactic Emperor Palpatine's flagships.
Super Star Destroyers were among the largest warships ever designed and fielded and consisted of various warship types that served primarily as command ships. All the types were more than 3.8 kilometers in length,in order to support their increasingly heavy power generators and armaments and were generally regarded as large enough to be counted as space stations rather than regular starships. They were usually fitted with extensive command and control suites which could handle far more naval forces than previous command stations, such as the Old Republic's Inexpugnable-class tactical command ships.
The smallest SSDs were designated as Star Cruisers. These were not to be confused with other Star Cruisers in existence, such as the Mon Calamari-produced line of warships or the common space transports and smaller warships found throughout the galaxy. This particular designation was for warships of a size and power eclipsing Star Destroyers, that were still a magnitude smaller than Star Battlecruisers and Star Dreadnaughts.
Next in line, the Star Battlecruisers were among the most powerful vessels in the galaxy, with reactors capable of giving enough power to weaponry that could down multiple Star Destroyers and defensive shields that could resist an onslaught of even bigger vessels. They were only eclipsed in capability by the Star Dreadnaughts, of which the aforementioned Executor and Eclipse were the most extreme designs, literal cityscapes fitted with gun batteries and shield generators.
In addition to dedicated warships, there were also several support ship types built to SSD-scale. Some served as dedicated carrier vessels, some were communications ships, fitted with dozens of HoloNet tranceivers, and others were mobile repair ships. Additionally, different ships within the same class were often subject to different specifications in terms of armament, crew and support vessels, based on their intended focus and roles.
Super Star Destroyers were on par with or larger than most other navies' ships-of-the-line, like the Trade Federation's Lucrehulk-class battleships or the Subjugator-class heavy cruisers of the CIS. As command ships, they were capable of projecting power across entire Oversectors and served as command ships for galaxy-spanning campaigns. They were good expressions of the Tarkin Doctrine, which argued that galactic peace could be achieved by developing the ability to project overwhelming firepower against any enemy, rendering all resistance futile before it even began.
For tens of thousands of years, heavy warships were part of the Republic Navy's strategy for space combat. Large ships fought in the Alsakan Conflicts and the Old Sith Wars. They became obsolete at some point after 3,000 BBY, when fleet doctrine shifted to groups of smaller-scale cruisers that combined their firepower and were more maneuverable. These new designs were armed with better weapons and more powerful shields than the older battlecruisers and battleships.
However, by the centuries prior to the Clone Wars, heavy warships had gained prominence again. They were used for generations by private defensive fleets fielded by rich, industrialized star sectors. Kuat, Corellia and Humbarine were but three of the industrialized Core sectors that could afford to build such behemoths, which were fitted with hyperdrives with limited range to highlight their defensive purposes in the relatively peaceful period of the time. While as a member of the Techno Union, the shipyards of Kuat even began to experiment further in this period with warship-designs that eclipsed previous generations.
During the Clone Wars, heavy warship types like Star Battlecruisers and Star Dreadnaughts were used by the resurgent Republic Navy, but it was only with the advent of the Galactic Empire that a dedicated research and development program began for a new generation of heavy warship designs, and they became a greater part of naval doctrine again.
The Clone Wars saw the beginning of development on the Cardan-class space station series which had some influence on the structuring of future naval projects, including the Super Star Destroyers and the Death Stars. The Praetor-class Star Battlecruiser, first used during the Galactic Republic, also survived the transition into the Galactic Empire, with the class continuing in limited service during the Galactic Civil War, being an outdated design at that point.
A few months after the end of the Clone Wars, the Sarlacc Project was begun. It sought to develop a new, heavy Imperial command ship. This vessel, an early prototype for a new generation of heavy warships, was 12 kilometers in length and was eventually destroyed by early rebel elements before it could be completed. Despite such an early setback, larger and more refined Star Dreadnaught designs were produced, such as the Executor-class and Eclipse-class.
When the Imperial Navy requested funds for construction of the Executor-class, it forged a profile on the vessel, calling it a Super-class Star Destroyer and making it out to be less than half its intended size. This was done to avoid arousing suspicion in the Imperial Senate about the true nature of the class as well as capitalize on the popularity of the dagger-shaped Star Destroyer type, which dated back to the Clone Wars.
The name was shortened to "Super Star Destroyer", and both it and the fake designation of Super-class, remained in colloquial use even long after the real name and designation had been revealed and the first vessel made operational. The terms later carried over to other warship classes in the following decades, with Rebel Alliance and Imperial officers simply referring to anything bigger than a Star Destroyer as a Super Star Destroyer or a Super-class Star Destroyer. Most SSDs were usually classified as star dreadnaughts as well, in contrast to Star Destroyers being classified as star cruisers (lower-case).
Once the Empire realised the threat posed by an organized rebellion with the downfall of the first Death Star battlestation, the Super Star Destroyers began to be mass-produced, with an average Moff or Sector Group Commander estimated to have at least one or more such superweapons in their arsenal throughout the course of the Galactic Civil War, bringing the total amount of ships up to hundreds or even thousands. The Executor-class alone was made with over a dozen ships, their combined bulk equating to that of thousands of individual Star Destroyers. Such heavy warships served both as sector as well as regional command centers.
In addition to mass-production, influential individuals could afford customized designs at the height of the Empire. The Dark Jedi and Inquisitor Jerec had Kuat Drive Yards build a grandiose flagship for himself, replacing his Imperial-class Star Destroyer as a sign of his growing ambitions. Around the time of the Battle of Hoth, Rebel personnel had gained enough info on the various SSD types being made to refer to them in general as Super Star Destroyers.
While conventional armaments were fitted to most ships, the two Eclipse-class Star Dreadnaughts had a superlaser as their primary weapon. The bulk of these two Super-class Star Destroyers was built around each ship's reactor and support systems, making them the most powerful conventional warships in history, and causing the design to attract unwanted attention from criminal third parties.
Their construction took almost over a decade, with the Emperor's downfall leading to delays and shifts in logistics. They were estimated to be powerful enough to allow whoever controlled them a real chance at taking power in the galaxy. This also made them high-profile targets by both the Rebel Alliance, and later, the New Republic. As a symbol of its status, the Eclipse was escorted by smaller Super Star Destroyers during the Battle of Pinnacle Base.
Following the collapse as a result of the Battle of Endor, it became increasingly difficult to maintain gargantuan warships, with the gradual breakdown and fractionalization of the Galactic Empire. Despite dozens of active battle groups being led by SSDs immediately after Endor, the lack of cooperation between various parts of the Empire and the gradual rise to power of the New Republic, led to many Super Star Destroyers being destroyed or captured outright.
The focus switched to Star Destroyers or smaller vessels for the various Imperial warlords. Former support ships like the Strike-class medium cruiser saw a renewed service period as more mainline warships in the fleets of the Imperial Remnant.
Concurrent with the warlordism, some fleet elements were recalled to the Deep Core, where scores of heavy warships became part of the "Dark Empire" ruled over by the clones of Palpatine. Here, he plotted their use as tools of conquest for 6 years after Endor, unleashing them alongside his fleets of World Devastators during his attempt at regaining his former glory in 10 and 11 ABY.
The last major SSD known to have been commissioned by legitimate Imperial forces, was an Executor-class ship known as the Razor's Kiss. It was, however, destroyed by the New Republic soon after her launch from Kuat in 7.5 ABY.
With the years passing, the number of Super Star Destroyers dwindled as the older ships left in service were either destroyed, captured or kept in isolated Imperial enclaves. By the time Grand Admiral Thrawn took command of the Empire five years after Endor, his naval forces could not gain access to anything bigger than individual Star Destroyers.
During the rise of the resurrected Palpatine, at least four 15 kilometer-long Sovereign-class Star Dreadnaughts underwent construction, while the two Eclipse-class vessels were completed and fielded. These six vessels were meant to be the beginning of a new era of superlaser-armed warships, but with the destruction of Byss and the final death of the Emperor, they were all destroyed.
The power having shifted to the New Republic, the threat of SSDs decreased. Despite this, the Republic constructed a counterpart to the Empire's Super Star Destroyers, with the Mon Calamari-produced Viscount-class Star Defender and Mediator-class battle cruiser filling out holes in the Republic's naval forces.
Apart from the Republic's new designs, several SSDs remained in the hands of foreign powers. One 8 kilometer long SSD was observed in the fleet of the Imperial Remnant during the Yuuzhan Vong invasion and at least one Executor was part of rogue Imperial pirate forces just prior to the start of this conflict.
During the events surrounding the Swarm War, the Megador, a Super Star Destroyer equipped with sixteen engines, was used as flagship for the then-supreme commander of the Galactic Alliance Defense Force, Gilad Pellaeon.
During both the Yuuzhan Vong invasion and the Swarm War, some of the alien warships were compared with some type of 8km long Super Star Destroyer. It is unknown if this referred to the ships of old, or vessels in current service with the New Republic.
Super Star Destroyers were also used in the Second Galactic Civil War, with the Megador and the Dominion participating on the side of Darth Caedus's faction of the Galactic Alliance. At some point following the Second Galactic Civil War, heavy warships like the Star Defenders and Star Dreadnoughts were phased out of service, citing the expenses in operating the various designs.
By 130 ABY, the main-line Pellaeon-class Star Destroyer had some of its systems partially based on achievements made with the Executor-class Star Dreadnaughts. The larger Imperious-class Star Destroyer was much larger than the standard Star Destroyer classes of previous generations, but shared their designation.
This Super Star Destroyer had a similar design to the Imperial-class Star Destroyer, only much bigger. It had a bridge tower that extended towards the stern of the vessel. Here, it was fitted with a massive holding cage to be able to transport a Teezl across the galaxy, to be used as an instant communications device at Imperial Center. Despite being damaged in an attack by Rebel fighters, the vessel continued to function and even attempted to down enemy fighters.
The Aramadia was an Imperial SSD that was captured by the Yevethans and acted as one of Nil Spaar's flagships during the Yevethan Purge in 16-17 ABY. Following the Battle of N'zoth and the end of the Purge, it was towed to N'zoth and used as a museum. In top-down profile, it resembled the Imperial-class Star Destroyer.
At least 9.6km long, almost half as long as an Executor-class Super Star Destroyer, the Arc Hammer was essentially an armed factory ship that also served as a command ship for the Dark Trooper Project. The design was very sleek compared to other Super Star Destroyers (similar only to Jerec's ship), and noteworthy for a large quadruple tower structure protruding from the dorsal and ventral side in the general area of the bridge structure. Dorsal bays could launch the ship's complement of Dark Troopers onto a target in a combat drop. The Arc Hammer was destroyed from within by Kyle Katarn's sabotage.
The Eclipse-class was designed as flagships for Galactic Emperor Palpatine and were constructed in relative secrecy. They were 17.5 kilometers in length, with much of their interiors taken up by generators, used to power the ship's main weapon, a scaled-down superlaser. The class's design was meant to invoke ancient sea-going warships.
The Eclipse was the lead ship of its class. It took almost 10 years to finish, with its construction beginning around the time of the Battle of Yavin in 0 BBY. It was hijacked by Zann Consortium forces at the Second Battle of Kuat in 4 ABY and later recovered. Construction was moved to Byss, where it stayed in orbit for years, serving as a space station and meeting ground for various groups. When finally commissioned during the return of Emperor Palpatine, it gained some notority with New Republic personnel, thanks to its devastating superlaser. The Eclipse was lost above Pinnacle Base in 10 ABY, a victim of Palpatine's runaway Force powers.
The Eclipse II was built in parallell with the Eclipse and served as Palpatine's flagship after the loss of the first vessel. It fought in the Battle of Onderon in 11 ABY, was hijacked by a New Republic task force, and sent to the Beshqek system. Here, it crashed into the Galaxy Gun orbiting Byss, and was lost when the planet exploded.
The Enforcer was a Super Star Destroyer commanded by Admiral Kohrin that fought a Rebel fleet near Bespin. It was damaged and sent to Phaylenn for repairs, but was ambushed while in drydock and destroyed.
The Executor-class Star Dreadnought was the first class associated with the SSD moniker. It was 19 kilometers in length, was powered by a central reactor underneath its command tower, had over 5,000 various weapons-systems, and could carry over a thousand starfighters in its multiple hangar bays. Its design was meant to overwhelm any opposition, sending the enemy into retreat or resignation by its mere presence. The class became popular within the Imperial Navy, and officers desired such ships as a status symbol. Since the Super-class designation originated with this ship, it was often called Super-class Star Destroyer interchangably with other terms.
Patrolled the Inner Rim Territories, before being appropriated by Grand Admiral Josef Grunger for use as his flagship shortly after the Battle of Endor in 4 ABY. Destroyed at the Battle of Tralus in 6 ABY.
Lead ship of its class and Darth Vader's flagship. Served as Vader's private headquarters for years until its completion six months after the Battle of Yavin, in 0.5 ABY. Participated in many battles before being destroyed at the Battle of Endor in 4 ABY.
Originally served in the home fleet of Imperial Center under Fleet Admiral Gaen Drommel. After Endor, he took the ship to Oplovis and became a warlord. After a New Republic task force captured it, the Guardian became part of the New Republic Third Fleet and served with the Republic and the Galactic Alliance for decades.
Built for Black Sword Command, it was captured by the Yevetha during their uprising in 5 ABY. The Intimidator became one of their flagships, but was recaptured by Imperial slaves using its slave circuit, at the Battle of N'zoth in 17 ABY. Years after their escape, it was found adrift in the Unknown Regions in 21 ABY, a derelict hulk.
Originally named the Brawl, it was one of the first Executor-class vessels and was given to Zsinj upon his promotion to Admiral. He later used it in his campaigns against the New Republic as a warlord. The Iron Fist was finally destroyed over Dathomir in 8 ABY.
The Knight Hammer, formerly Night Hammer, was an Executor-class Star Dreadnaught equipped with black stealth armor and a slave circuit. It was built in secret by Imperial warlord Delvardus and used by Admiral Natasi Daala in an assault on the Jedi Praxeum in 12 ABY, where it was sabotaged and destroyed.
Originally named the Executor II, the Lusankya was built in secret by KDY and contained less heavy batteries, substituted for more point-defense guns and an increased amount of automation. It was buried underneath the surface of Imperial Center after its commissioning. For years it stayed underground, acting as a prison facility, until 6 ABY, when it was used by Ysanne Isard as an escape vehicle and later command ship in the Bacta War. The vessel was captured by the New Republic and served in its navy until the Second Battle of Borleias during the Yuuzhan Vong War, where it was used as a giant projectile and destroyed.
Built at Kuat Drive Yards, the Razor's Kiss was destroyed by the New Republic before it could be taken by warlord Zsinj. He later used the remaining debris in a ruse to make it appear that his command ship, the Iron Fist, was destroyed in battle in 8 ABY. The remains were collected and assembled into the Second Death for this purpose.
The Reaper was the flagship of Grand Moff Ardus Kaine. He used it as a command ship for his Scourge Squadron, hunting Rebel groups in the Outer Rim Territories. After Endor, Kaine struck out as a warlord and used the Reaper as the meeting place where the Pentastar Talks were held. It later fought in Operation Shadow Hand, where Kaine lost his life. It was then used as a command ship by Admiral Gilad Pellaeon of the Imperial Remnant and ultimately fell during Pellaeon's successful counterattack against a New Republic invasion force.
This vessel was assembled from the remains of the Razor's Kiss and used as a substitute for the Iron Fist, making it appear that the vessel had been destroyed. As such, it had no shields or weapons, but was fitted with a nightcloak to make it appear invisible until needed in battle.
The Terror was the flagship of Admiral Sarn. It was fitted with a stygium cloaking device, and used as a carrier for the first squadrons of TIE Phantom starfighters. It was meant to spearhead renewed assaults on the Rebel Alliance, but was destroyed over Imdaar Alpha in 3 ABY.
This Vengeance was an Executor-class ship that served as Admiral Senn's command vessel. It led Task Force Vengeance in an attempt to quell a Rebel expansion in the Airam sector and was believed destroyed at the Battle of Nocto.
The Imperial-class was a small Super Star Destroyer used as escorts for larger vessels like the Eclipse-class, and had a design reminicent of the Imperial-class Star Destroyer, only larger. The class had a ventrally protruding reactor core and no visible launch bay.
The Mandator-class Star Dreadnaught consisted of two models built by KDY. The first provided protection for the Kuat sector prior to the Clone Wars, while the second served in the Republic Navy during the war.
The Praetor-class Star Battlecruiser was a heavy warship equipped with powerful reactor-systems. They were produced during the time of the Galactic Republic, but were gradually replaced in the Galactic Empire. Despite this, some of the outdated ships were still in service during the Galactic Civil War. The Rebel Alliance stole reactor equipment from a derelict Imperial Praetor and used them to power its defenses at the Battle of Hoth, holding off several Star Destroyers as well as Darth Vader's flagship, the Executor.
The Quaestor was a Republic Star Battlecruiser that destroyed the Separatist Pammant Docks in a hyperspace accident, which sent the ship plunging into Pammant itself, shattering the world to its core and flooding the planet with radiation.
The Sovereign-class was a 15 kilometer long, scaled-down version of the Eclipse-class, meant for mass-production. Like the Eclipse, the Sovereign was armed with a superlaser as its primary weapon. None of the four initial ships survived the fall of the resurrected Palpatine, and were destroyed before completion.
This SSD class was 12.8 kilometers long and built at some point during the Imperial period.
This ship, developed in the Sarlacc Project, was 12 kilometers long, had a central reactor and was meant to be covered in armaments and serve as the Imperial Navy's symbolic flagship. It was destroyed while partially unfinished during the Battle of Byss. Despite its destruction, it served as a precursor to later classes, like the Executor.
This Vengeance was a KDY Super Star Destroyer built to the specifications of the Dark Jedi Jerec. It served as his command ship and had similar specifications to other Super Star Destroyers, apart from being visually distinct. The vessel was thinner and less wide than the Executor-class, with a smaller command tower and had a different set of engines.
Super Star Destroyers were larger versions of the Star Destroyer. The Lusankya was an example of a Super Star Destroyer.