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Understanding the core systems underlying combat in Star Wars Galaxies is important to every player. Hardcore PVP'ers and casual hunters can equally benefit from knowing the basic equations and ideas behind attack speed, accuracy, template stacking, states, postures, and other combat-related topics.

Table of contents

Combat Equations

Like any role-playing game, Galaxies uses a set of mathematical equations that govern your interaction with the game world. These equations determine everything from item assembly success to attack hit percentage. Understanding these equations is vital to analyzing and fully understanding combat in SWG.

Combat Speed

The equation is: (-6.91935E08*x^3+3.71633E05*x^2-6.75155E03*x+1)*y = z

x = Player Speed Mod y = Weapon Speed z = Combat Speed

(Courtesy of the Carbineer Correspondant)

To simplify this, I put the equation into an Excel file. So if you have excel, just enter the details and it will give you an answer (It also calculates DPS)

Download the Excel file here

Inherent Combat Abilities

Even with no Novice Professions, a player has several innate abilities:

  • Melee Hit The most basic melee attack.
  • Ranged Shot The most basic ranged attack.
  • Duel / End Duel Allows a player to duel another player, if both use the command.
  • Deathblow Allows a player to kill another player, he or she is fighting, while that player is incapacitated.

Combat-Related Systems

  • HAM Display Knowing how to read the HAM is vital for anyone in combat.
  • Toolbar Utilizing and understanding the toolbar and how its timers interact in combat is essential post-Combat Upgrade.
  • Armor Once players reach Combat Level 22 of their profession.
  • Accuracy The ability to hit your opponent.


When in combat, you are likely to be afflicted with a variety of "state attacks." These attacks change the abilities and modifiers of your character to either increase or decrease your effectiveness in combat. States that increase your potency are called "buff" states; "debuff" states generally hurt your character.

  • Buff states
    • Aiming
    • Berserk
    • Centered
    • Tumbling
    • Under Cover

Damage Types

Two primary damage types exist in SWG. Each player weapon will deal damage in either of these types:

Kinetic damage is arguably more effective, as PSGs will only protect against ranged Energy attacks.

Additionally, many weapons have a bonus Elemental Damage associated with their attacks. Elemental types include:

Combat Postures

The four basic postures in SWG affect player regeneration, aiming, defense, concealment, and movement speed. The only posture you cannot be in during combat is sitting.

Combat Posture Modifiers

While in combat there are two modifiers granted to the player:

  • Accuracy
  • Damage taken modifier based on posture

These modifiers take into consideration if the player is standing, kneeling, or prone and still or moving.

Line of Sight

Line of sight is the system used to determine if characters can "see" their targets. If a target can be seen, then they can be attacked. If something is blocking the target, then they will not be attacked, and the player will receive a Flytext message saying "Can't see target."

Line of sight is calculated by making a line from the position of your torso to the position of the target's torso. If there is a tree, structure, wall, or any collidable object (something you cannot walk through) that crosses that line, then the line of sight is broken. Additionally, any terrain will break line of sight; you can no longer fire through hills.

Doors and furniture that can be walked through do not break line of sight, and thus provide no cover. Sometimes you are able to fire through walls if targets move quickly; this is often just an effect of lag: at the time of the calculation, the target was within the line of sight, but by the time you see the action the target is behind a wall. Note that most fences are collidable, and thus prevent attacking targets that are on the other side.


This article uses material from the "Combat" article on the SWG Wiki wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.


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