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Sniping: Misc

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Fallout

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From The Vault

Sniper

Sniping, in warfare, is a term loosely used to describe the process of accurately shooting someone from a long range, usually from a concealed position.

Contents

Terminology Background

  • The term 'sniper' was first attested in 1824 in the sense of the word 'sharpshooter'. The verb to snipe originated in the 1770s among soldiers in British India, where a hunter skilled enough to kill the elusive, difficult snipe (a small game bird) was dubbed a "sniper"[1].
  • Thus there is no real "Sniper Rifle" to be found anywhere in the world, there are preferred rifles, however any rifle in the hands of a sniper is a "Sniper's Rifle".

Methods

  • Best done from a long distance so the target doesn't spot you before your first shot.
  • Sneaking increases the amount of damage done, often killing the target in one shot with an armor piercing sneak attack critical. This is especially useful against Super Mutants and Raiders which often appear in groups and can be picked off one by one.
  • Having a high Small Guns, or skill decreases the amount of swaying done by the scope. Players with a Small Guns skill of 100 should experience no movement of the scope. Crouching also decreases the amount of scope movement.
  • Often, even after hitting them with a shot, a target may not be able to find the player, if this happens wait until the [CAUTION] sign fades before trying again, to ensure a sneak attack.

Helpful Perks

A list of perks that increase VATS accuracy. Free-hand accuracy is affected only by the weapon's maximum range, spread, and your ability to aim. Note that the act of crouching averages a +10% bonus, but much like the wired reflexes perk this is an assumption as the bonus will scale from one weapon to the next (expect to see a larger bonus with sniper rifles).

Preferred Weapons

Scoped weapons with minimal spread are considered the best, however range too is an exceptionally important factor. Note that the sniper rifles found in Fallout 3 have the longest effective range.

Scoped rifles
  1. Reservist's Rifle
  2. Sniper Rifle
  3. Victory Rifle
  4. Scoped Gauss Rifle
Scoped pistols
  1. Blackhawk
  2. Scoped .44 Magnum
Iron sights
  1. Lincoln's Repeater
  2. Ol' Painless
  3. Wazer Wifle
  4. AER9 Laser Rifle
  5. Hunting Rifle

Notes

  • All sniper rifles as well as Ol' Painless and Lincoln's Repeater have zero spread meaning that any non-VATS shot will go exactly where you aim it, this becomes very useful for sniping.
  • The Scoped .44 Magnum and all its variants have no recoil when zoomed in making ideal for taking multiple shots.

References

  1. Sniper Etymology

Weapons Lists

Weapons of Fallout
Weapons of Fallout 2
Weapons of Fallout 3
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This article uses material from the "Sniping" article on the Fallout wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Halo

Up to date as of February 08, 2010

From Halopedia, the Halo Wiki

See Sniping on HaloWiki.net at this link
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A jump pack Brute is sniped while airborne. The kill is seen through this weapon's telescopic sight.

Sniping is the act of covertly eliminating targets from a concealed or distant position. Snipers often rely on stealth and nearby cover; sniping is rarely performed from an open or conspicuous location. The most popular sniping weapons are the Sniper Rifle and the Beam Rifle. Others weapons (such as the Covenant Carbine and the Battle Rifle) can also be used, though they are significantly less powerful and have a shorter range.

Sniping is an essential battlefield tactic in any form of combat. When correctly executed, sniping can inflict not only kills, but also a sense of demoralization and disarray among your enemy combatants. In The Art of War by Sun Tzu, it is stated that one must "attack an enemy when they are disorganized." Sniping can disorganize an enemy, and in a team game, this can make an attack much easier.

Contents

Teams

Sniping are effective both in free-for-all and team-based gametypes. If a sniper can find a good location to snipe from in a free-for-all Slayer match, then they can score a large amount of kills before other players are able to counter-snipe. It is entirely possible, however, for a sniper's opponents to temporarily cooperate in an effort to eliminate the sniper. Should a sniper need to retreat or relocate during a free-for-all match, they will not have allies to provide covering fire for them. Because of this, stealth is particularly important when sniping in a free-for-all match.

During a team-based gametype, snipers are extremely valuable. A sniper can potentially keep an entire team pinned down in one spot, and can also limit that team's exits and therefore their offensive and defensive capabilities. In objective-based gametypes, it may be very useful for the enemy team to know where a sniper is -- this limits the team's options, making their actions more predictable.

Aside from their role as a useful distraction, snipers in team-based games can also provide very useful covering fire for teammates. Snipers can also act as effective scouts, locating hazards such as enemy vehicles. For these reasons, distance is particularly important when sniping in a team-based match.

Headshots

When aiming for kills, a sniper's goal is nearly always to score a headshot. A headshot, when scored with a Sniper Rifle or Beam Rifle, is instantly fatal (unless the opponent has some form of additional protection, such as an Overshield. Multiple consecutive headshots from Carbines and Beam Rifles are not instantly fatal, but will bring a target down faster. In real life and in Halo, a sniper's motto is "one shot, one kill."

Weapon-specific Information

Sniper Rifle

The Sniper Rifle is the one of the two main sniping weapons. A single headshot can kill any opponent -- even a shielded one -- and only one body shot is needed to kill an unshielded opponent. The Sniper Rifle has a slower rate of fire than the Beam Rifle, and needs to reload every four rounds; however, it can hold more rounds.

Beam Rifle

The Covenant Beam Rifle is the other main sniping weapon. Beam Rifles are roughly as powerful as Sniper Rifles. (They are slightly more powerful, being able to kill Sentinels on Isolation in a single shot, but the difference is negligible when dealing with enemy players.) The Beam Rifle has a slightly higher rate of fire and does not need to reload, but is prone to overheating and has fewer rounds.

Covenant Carbine

Neither the Carbine nor the Battle Rifle are considered sniping weapons, but they can be used as such. Both weapons are headshot-capable, and both possess scopes that allow for long-range battles.

Magnum

This weapon was not designed as a sniper, but due to its high accuracy, power, and range, it can be used for sniping in a similar way as the Battle Rifle.

Battle Rifle

Like the Carbine, the Battle Rifle is not explicitly intended for sniping. However, it is scoped and headshot-capable, able to bring down a fully-shielded player with four headshots.

Rocket Launcher

The Rocket Launcher has a scope, but is a fairly poor weapon for sniping. The rockets that it fires are painfully slow, visually obvious, and generally easy to avoid. Sniping with a Rocket Launcher is only feasible when performed by a player with an incredible gift at leading targets, and against a player whose line of sight precludes them from seeing the rocket.

Spartan Laser

The Spartan Laser, introduced in Halo 3, has a relatively long range. Its scope is between the Battle Rifle's 2x zoom and the Sniper Rifle's 5x zoom, and it is certainly capable of killing an opponent in one shot. It has the disadvantage of being highly noticeable; it emits a red tracking laser for four seconds before firing, and its profile is rather conspicuous when being held or when being carried on a player's back.

Advanced Tactics

A diagram of relocating and flanking.

Reconnaissance

Snipers are particularly useful when keeping a team coordinated. A sniper with a headset can report back to his team, relaying information on the locations of enemies, enemy vehicles, what weapons an enemy team is using, and other hazards. A sniper with a good position can survey the entire battlefield, searching for important events and observing them in detail with a scope.

Movement

When acting as a sniper, keep moving -- especially in a free-for-all or Slayer game. In a free-for-all game, snipers don't have any allies that will provide covering or supporting fire; once a sniper is found, they have almost no hope of making it to safety without being seen or followed. This problem is compounded by the fact that many sniping weapons, particularly the Sniper Rifle, leave a bullet trail -- a player, when killed, will know where the bullet came from. Frequent relocation can keep a sniper from being spotted and counterattacked.

In a Team Slayer match, a stealthy sniper is also important. If the enemy team knows the sniper's location, they can simply avoid that sniper. If the sniper's location is unknown, opponents may walk directly into the sniper's line of sight, giving the sniper an easy kill. A hidden sniper can also make the opposing team cautious -- sometimes excessively so -- and that caution can prevent the team from being as aggressive, decreasing the number of kills they will end up scoring.

A sniper should, when they begin sniping, already know where they plan to go next, and how they will get there. They should also have plans for a retreat, should their next location become inaccessible.

Leading in Halo: Combat Evolved

Halo: Combat Evolved's netcode requires players to lead their targets even more than in later Halo games. Players may often have to lead by a large amount to compensate for lag, which greatly steepens the learning curve for sniping in Halo: CE, more so than in the other games.

Secondary Weapons

A sniper's secondary weapon should be a close- to mid-range weapon with reasonable firepower, such as a Carbine, Shotgun, M6D, SMG, or Battle Rifle. Melee weapons, such as the Energy Sword, also work reasonably well. Extremely powerful weapons, such as the Rocket Launcher, should be avoided, though.

The purpose of a sniper's secondary weapon is to dispatch nearby enemies. The secondary weapon should always be fully reloaded, and should be something that a sniper can safely use without risking an accidental suicide. (This is why weapons like the Rocket Launcher should be avoided.)

Aerial Sniping

Two players, one a vehicle pilot and the other a sniper, can cooperate to score kills from the air. The pilot must be skilled with a Banshee or competent with a Hornet; the sniper will have to be very good with no-scoping if a Hornet is used. Either way, pilot-sniper communication and cooperation is critical. The sniper can jump onto the Banshee's wing, or hop onto the Hornet's side seat.

If using a Banshee, the pilot must be able to dodge fire from Spartan Lasers, Rocket Launchers, and Missile Pods -- all while ensuring that the sniper does not fall off of the vehicle. They must also be able to set up shots for the sniper and inform the sniper of any planned maneuvers. The sniper must in turn call out targets for the pilot, as the sniper often won't be able to take out heavily-armored targets (like Scorpions).

This tactic is highly conspicuous; a slow-moving Banshee is extremely suspicious, given that the aircraft is almost always used for high-speed aerial support. If the sniper and the pilot aren't skilled enough, they may be giving an opponent a free Double Kill. This is compounded by the fact that the Banshee cannot fly at too much of a vertical angle, and they cannot boost or perform a barrel roll; these actions will fling the sniper off of the vehicle.

A particularly useful technique is to have the sniper grab Active Camo before jumping into the Banshee; they can get covert kills, and then jump to the ground (or be dropped off at a high sniping position) to snipe normally.

Countermeasures

There are a variety of anti-sniper techniques, ranging from tips to avoid getting sniped to strategies for counter-attacking a sniper.

Avoidance

There are a variety of ways to avoid being sniped or headshot.

  • Find cover.
  • Never stand still, and never move in a predictable fashion. Introduce an element of randomness to your movements.
  • When jumping in a sniper's view (or going out of a Man Cannon), constantly crouch and uncrouch. The constant head movement that results will complicate a headshot.
  • Fire the occasional bullet or throw the occasional grenade at the sniper. Inflicting damage on them will cause them to zoom out.

Flanking

In a team game, it can be particularly useful for some or all of a team to flank an enemy sniper -- especially if the sniper's position, and therefore their line of sight, is known. The team must simply split up, going in opposite directions, staying at the edge of the sniper's movement, and exploiting every piece of cover they can find. Should they reach the sniper at the same time, they can form up and launch a coordinated counter-attack.

Alternatively, a single teammate can sneak away from the group, while the remaining teammates remain trapped by the sniper. The solo teammate can sneak around the edge of the battlefield and get to the sniper. If the sniper is not being adequately defended by their teammates, and is not skilled at close-quarters battle, then killing them should be a trivial matter (and may require nothing more than a simple assassination). Of particular note is the fact that a sniper using their rifle's zoom cannot see their Motion Tracker.

At the same time, a sniper that has practiced battling at close range can be an extremely formidable opponent. Such snipers can usually no-scope a nearby opponent with ease; they also tend to watch their backs when alone.

Jump Sniping

When counter-sniping, find some cover and hide behind it. Aim so that if you were to jump, your reticule would pass over the enemy sniper -- that is, aim slightly below where the sniper would be if you could see them from your present position. Zoom in, and jump. When the enemy becomes visible, fire.

This will likely reduce your accuracy, but it is also quite safe; you are only vulnerable while you take the shot.

Bring Out The Big Guns

When all else fails, use heavy weapons fire to blast the sniper apart.

A sniper can dodge shots fired from another sniper rather easily; all that is required is strafing. Dodging the splash damage from a Scorpion's blast is more difficult. Wraiths are similarly dangerous to a sniper. Heavy vehicles are particularly effective if their pilots can approach the sniper without being seen until they fire the shot; if they fire from a shorter distance, the sniper will have a shorter time to see the shot, react, and dodge.

Links

Internal

External

  • Everything you need to know about sniping in Halo 2 - The Art of Marksmanship

This article uses material from the "Sniping" article on the Halo wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Ice Hockey

Up to date as of February 02, 2010
(Redirected to Sniper article)

An Ice Hockey Wiki article.

A 'Sniper, ia a player with a powerful, accurate shot skilled at finishing plays. Snipers frequently score more goals than assists. Snipers can be either forwards or defensemen.

Players

Vancouver Canucks forward Markus Naslund and former NHL forward Brett Hull are commonly referred to as snipers. This entry is a stub. You can help the Ice Hockey Wiki by expanding it. Click the "edit" tab to add information.


This article uses material from the "Sniper" article on the Ice Hockey wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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