The quantum torpedo was a weapon developed by Starfleet in the 2370s as a replacement for the standard photon torpedo. Development began in the late 2360s, and started to enter use in the early 2370s.The quantum torpedo utilizes a Zero-Point Reaction to create a 50+ isoton explosion. It was created as one of the weapons system designed to fight the Borg. Indeed, Quantum Torpedoes were widely used by the Federation Fleet when the Borg launched a second assault in early 2373. There are 2 types of torpedo tubes created for this weapon: The pulse fire tube (1 torp/second) and the rapid fire tube (which can fire at a rate of 4/second)
After their successful first test on the Defiant, Quantum Torpedoes were implemented throughout the Federation fleet. Defiant, Sovereign, Luna, Akira and Achilles Class starships included Quantum Torpedoes in their arsenal. Quantum Torpedoes were later given to the Klingon Empire and were implemented on their Chancellor-Class Vessels.
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Quantum torpedoes are a type of torpedo that was used by the Federation, Terran rebellion and Cardassian Union. The torpedo entered service in the 2370s and were more powerful than the standard photon torpedo.
The first Starfleet vessel to be equipped with quantum torpedoes was the USS Defiant. With this successful deployment following ships of the Defiant-class were also equipped with these weapons. (DS9: "The Defiant", "Valiant", "What You Leave Behind")
The USS Lakota received a weapons upgrade in 2372 that included the addition of quantum torpedoes. During its battle to keep the USS Defiant from reaching Earth Vice Admiral James Leyton ordered the Lakota to use its quantum torpedoes to destroy the Defiant. Captain Erika Benteen balked at this order not willing to destroy another Starfleet vessel and stood down her starship. (DS9: "Paradise Lost")
For reasons unknown, the Romulans gained access to quantum torpedo technology between 2379 and 2383. The Bouteina refit of the Norexan-class had a quantum torpedo tube installed on existing hulls. (RIS Bouteina)
Various Starfleet attack fighters were either equipped with quantum torpedoes or could carry them externally.