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Up to date as of February 08, 2010
(Redirected to Betrayal article)

From Halopedia, the Halo Wiki

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Were you looking for Two Betrayals, the eighth level in Halo: Combat Evolved?

In Halo multiplayer terminology, a betrayal occurred when a player killed their teammate during a team match. The act of deliberately betraying one or more teammates is referred to as teamkilling.


In order for a betrayal to occur, the betraying player must be completely responsible for the death of his or her teammate. Enemy players must play little or no role in the act. For example, if two players on opposing teams are battling each other, and a third player accidentally kills his already-damaged teammate with a grenade, it will not be counted as a betrayal, and the enemy will be credited with the kill.

Most betrayals occur with the use of explosives, as a result of unanticipated splash damage. Almost all betrayals occurring without splash damage are deliberate, though there are exceptions -- for example, a player may betray a teammate if, while taking a Warthog over a Man Cannon on Halo 3's map Valhalla, they land on their partner.

In Halo 2, deliberate teamkillers are a great hassle to deal with, as such an offense was not ban worthy. In Halo 3, a new option called "Betrayal Booting" was introduced; players that commit too many betrayals can be booted by their most recent victim even during matchmade games, with the teamkiller also receiving an EXP penalty. In Custom Games, "Betrayal Booting" can be set manually, to decide how many betrayals must occur before the player is booted. In most Matchmaking games, the betrayal count is set to two.

In Halo: Combat Evolved

In Halo: Combat Evolved, there were four kinds of settings for Friendly Fire in a team game. The usual settings, "on" and "off", were available, and had the expected effects: enabling and disabling all betrayals. There were also two other settings, called "shields only", and "explosives only", which are quite self explanatory.

Note: shields only means shields only. However, the following two rules hold true:

  • If you are splattered by a teammate in a vehicle, interestingly enough, you will only lose your shields.
  • If you lose your shields by your teammate and you then get killed by an enemy, the result may be classified as a betrayal.
  • If you stick/shoot teammate with a Needler (enough to cause an explosion) and stay in a casualty radius, resulting in your death, your teammate will be marked as having betrayed you.

This article uses material from the "Betrayal" article on the Halo wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.


Up to date as of February 07, 2010
(Redirected to Player killing article)

From the RuneScape Wiki, the wiki for all things RuneScape

"PvP" redirects here. For player killing worlds, see PvP worlds. For the the player killing minigame, see Bounty Hunter. For Player vs. Monsters, see PvM..
Player-killing in the Duel Arena

Player killing (PKing), or player vs. player (PvP), is the act of two or more players in combat, instead of a player and a monster or NPCs. At present, there are ten places in RuneScape where player killing can occur: Bounty Hunter, Castle Wars , Duel Arena, a player-owned house's combat ring or Dungeon, Stealing Creation, a PvP World or Bounty World, Soul Wars, Clan Wars, Fist of Guthix, and the TzHaar Fight Pits.

There was a time in the game's history that the entire map was open for player killing. Later, normal PKing was restricted to the Wilderness. However in 2007, Jagex ended PKing in the Wilderness and released Clan Wars along with Bounty Hunter as partial replacements. On 15 October 2008, Jagex re-instated map-wide pking, however it is was only made available on designated PvP Worlds. Stealing Creation was released on 11 November 2008. Released on 8 July 2009. On 9 September 2008, Clan wars also received a major expansion.



Originally, after the release of RuneScape Classic, players could select whether or not to play as player killer characters. Players could switch from player-killer mode to non-player-killer mode (in which the character could not attack or be attacked by other players) three times, after which they remained at their chosen setting forever. PvP combat could take place at most locations in the RuneScape world. The rules of combat were the same as in modern RuneScape Classic Wilderness. Lumbridge was designated as a neutral area in which players could not attack each other; this was done to prevent a practice called "spawn camping", in which recently killed players were immediately killed again as soon as they respawned. In addition to this restriction, NPC Guards and White Knights patrolled the cities of Varrock and Falador, breaking up PvP battles by attacking the aggressor. These guard units were limited in number, however, and if all the units in a city were already in combat, PvP combat could go on freely.

On 13 August 2001, this system was replaced by the Wilderness, partly due to complaints from many players who were unable to leave Lumbridge without being attacked by hordes of hostile player killers. Later, additional areas where PvP combat is allowed were added.

On 10 December 2007, Jagex made a highly controversial update that made pking in the wilderness only possible at the Bounty Hunter, which is unsafe, and Clan Wars, a safe minigame. Fist of Guthix, also safe, was not added until about four months after these updates. RuneScape lost about 6%[1] of its paying players within the following month, although more long-term statistics have never been released. No known amount of lost free players is known, however it is possible it was more than the number of quitting members. The exact numerical makeup of quitters (bots versus legitimate players) is uncertain. Many of the quitters were PKers, while others were the leaving accounts of autoers. According to Jagex, almost all the lost players since the 10 December update have been replaced by new subscribers. It is still very common to find players on the forums ranting.

On 15 October 2008, Jagex re-instated map-wide PKing on designated PvP worlds, although many aspects have been altered.

Some people don't like PvP worlds as it does not give you enough warning, however there is a sign when you log in that warns you PvP world ahead, you may lose all your items!

Combat areas

The effects of piling in multi-combat areas

There are two forms of combat area found throughout the land of RuneScape - single and multicombat areas.

  • Single combat restricts players such that they can only fight one-on-one. In a multicombat zone, multiple players can attack multiple targets.
  • Multi-combat areas are identified upon entering by two crossed swords appearing in the bottom right hand corner of your screen. Anywhere else is classed as a single combat area. Multicombat areas are especially dangerous in on PvP worlds, as more than one player could attack you at one time. These areas are beneficial to groups of players, as it allows them to pile a player and greatly decrease the opponent's chance of escape or allowed a group of lower level players to fight a higher level player at the same time.

Player versus player areas

Stealing Creation

Main article: Stealing Creation

Stealing Creation is a game that allows almost every single combat skill. The whole area is multi combat, but you cannot bring any of your own items into the game. You make PVP items such as bows, Melee Weapons, And Magic runes and staffs.

Soul Wars

Main article: Soul Wars

Soul Wars is a Slayer minigame that was released on 10 February 2009. It involves a team of players fighting another team to collect the most Soul Fragments and destroy each other's avatars. The only items that are not allowed are capes, food and non combat items. There are no requirements although high Combat and Slayer is recommended.

Bounty Hunter

Main article: Bounty hunter

Bounty Hunter was a dangerous minigame that was introduced into the Wilderness on 10 December 2007, and removed for the new Bounty Worlds. This game allowed players of three categories to fight off in a free for all to the death to obtain each others' items. The Level categories were 3-55 (low) , 50-95 (med), 95+ (high). This was the only method of PKing that allowed you to obtain another player's items as a reward for killing them after wilderness was not PVP. However, any player attempting to pick up items not belonging to his or her target would have incurred a penalty, preventing them from leaving the arena for a certain period. When originally released, the Bounty Hunter arena was a multicombat zone. The Minigame was later changed to a single-way combat zone because of the number of clans which picked off solo PKers. However, under certain conditions it is possible to be engaged by multiple players. This Minigame only allows players to bring combat related items. This minigame is currently a new version of bounty hunter in which it acts like the old wilderness. But its limitations start from edgeville and end in the deep wilderness meaning you can't get out of edgeville or wilderness. Items the other person has are no longer their items but the equivalent of a monster drop like in PVP.

Clan Wars

Main article: Clan Wars

This is a minigame that was introduced into the Wilderness on 10 December 2007. This game allows two clans to fight off in an enclosed location. There are also free-for-all arenas. Players may bring whatever items they wish into this minigame. Only in one of the free-for-all arenas are players allowed to lose items, and in a special selection on the normal clan wars. There is no limit to the amount of clan members.

Castle Wars

The Castle Wars lobby.
Main article: Castle Wars

Killing other players in Castle Wars is technically only a secondary objective to getting the enemy flag; however, many players fight amongst themselves with no regard to the team objective. Castle Wars can only be accessed by members, and is highly populated in world 24.

Duelling and the Duel Arena

Main article: Duel Arena

This is a place where players can fight in a controlled environment and choose rules to their fight. They can also place a wager on their fight. The duel arena has inspired a new type of character called a staker. These characters are created to make money by winning duels.

In RuneScape Classic, there is still a third option available when right-clicking on a player in normal areas. The option, "Duel-with", allows the player to send a duel request as if in the Duel Arena of the modern RuneScape game. There is also even the option to stake items, and to set specific rules in the duel, though this is very limited compared to the modern Duel Arena's rules. Such options include "No Retreating", "No Magic", "No Prayer", and "No Weapons". Once the rules are set and the stakes are agreed on, the players then proceed to fight under the condition of the given rules, if any.

On 20 November 2007 JaGex made a cap to the amount a player can win in a space of 15 minutes in a staked duel, which is set to 3,000 gold coins to make it harder for real-world traders to unfairly use the Duel Arena as a covert way of transferring items. This also applies to the 'player value' of items which will change according to any market fluctuations in the Grand Exchange. This resulted into the Duel Arena Riot as well as rendering stakers useless. As of 30 September 2008, the limit has been raised to 5,000 coins to 60,000 coins depending on quest points. For free-to-play, the limit is up to 10,000 coins.

The key difference between Bounty Hunter player killing and this form of duelling is that players cannot obtain the skull and crossbones effect upon attacking another player in a duel, and will not lose any of their items if they should happen to die.

TzHaar Fight Pit

Main article: TzHaar Fight Pit

The TzHaar Fight Pit is a safe minigame in which players fight against each other in a free-for-all arena. The winner is crowned champion once everyone else has been killed. Since killing someone ejects them out of the arena and into the waiting area, the first rule is all one needs to remember.

Fist of Guthix

Main article: Fist of Guthix

Fist of Guthix is a PvP minigame Released on 9 April 2008. Fist of Guthix is a one on one F2p and P2p Minigame where one player is being hunted by another player. Once the hunted player is killed, either the time ends or the players switch. At the end, the player with the most charges wins.

Player-owned houses

Main article: Player-owned house

Players may fight in player-owned houses, both in combat rooms and dungeons. If killed in these areas, players respawn without losing any items. If the combat takes place in an enclosed area in the player-owned house, such as ranging pedestals or combat rings, they will respawn inside of the house. If combat takes place in the dungeon, players will respawn outside the house portal.

PvP worlds

Main article: PvP worlds

PvP worlds were released on 15 October 2008 and allow player killing in nearly 95% of the available space, with the exception of designated safe zones such as banks. There is specific gear unique to the PvP worlds that will provide short-term combat and/or skill boosts only on these servers. Combo Breaking usually occurs on these worlds.

Bounty Worlds

Main article: Bounty Worlds

Bounty worlds were released on the 6th of May 2009. These worlds only allow players to fight each other in the wilderness, however due to a recent update players may now travel throughout Edgeville and the Grand Exchange.

Combat classes

Main article: Combat classes
The Combat Triangle

Melee fighters

Main article: Melee
  • Advantages - For those who want to get up close and homicidal, melee is the preferred option. This involves, generally, bulkier weapons and armour than the light and long-ranged range and mage options. Not only does this make you look more impressive, it gives the adventurer a strong advantage over Ranged attacks. Arrows and bolts will have a hard time piercing armour, allowing the melee fighter to get close enough to do serious damage. It also requires no ammunition as opposed to range and mage.
  • Disadvantages- The 'but' comes when encountering mages. Well-constructed melee armour does a good job of deflecting blades and bolts, but also manages to strongly conduct Magic attacks, increasing the effects and damage caused by an opportunist mage. An experienced spellcaster can also paralyse a melee combatant with a 'holding' spell and then attack from afar. Mages are melee fighters' arch enemies, and so should be avoided. But a good way for melee fighters to solve this problem is very simple: wear range armours with your melee weapon when you encounter mages.


Main article: Mage
  • Advantages - The mage may look like an easy target, wearing what could be described as a glorified flannel, but beneath their soft and stab-able exterior lies a dangerous opponent. A combination of 'holding' spells and Magic's conductivity through armour makes the mage strongly anti-melee, often keeping a hand-to-hand combatant incapacitated and highly vulnerable.
  • Disadvantages - Soft-to-the-touch cloaks and robes make the mage a tempting target for passing rangers. With little Ranged Defence, this often makes the mage a walking pincushion - and 'holding' spells will only encourage rangers to shoot from afar.

Not to mention that a Meeler that gets in close, bulky armour or not, will end up hitting a lot of times with damage typically ranging in the 10's and above. 'Holding' spells are very effective if the opponent isn't praying (praying is very common, however) and can allow you to maintain distance from Melee. Ice spells, both freezing and dealing high amounts of damage, work very well.

Mages tend to be extremely vulnerable to pile jumpers and player jackers of any combat style.


Main article: Ranged
  • Advantages - With light, articulated armour for optimum ranging, the ranger is able to substitute what his or her armour lacks in physical Defence with magical resistance. This makes the ranger a strong adversary for the mage, who will find a foe that is well defended against magical attacks while also being able to attack from long distances.
  • Disadvantages - To keep nimble, the ranger has sacrificed a large element of his or her armour's melee Defence. A hand-to-hand combatant will be able to aim attacks at the joints and other unprotected areas with relative ease, as long as they can get close enough to do so. Although, many high-levelled rangers choose an option of "tanking" to counter this drawback. This process involved substituting some parts of the ranged armour for the bulkier melee armour. This process allows the ranger to have a high defence bonus as well as a strong ranged bonus.


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Bsing (back-stabbing) is something that most experienced players frown upon highly. Bsing is the act of killing someone in your clan. For example, you join a clan, then they take you out to the wilderness. Now, all over the wilderness is a multi combat area (except wilderness volcano). The deeper you go onto the wilderness, the higher and lower the levels you can attack or get attacked by. After they take you into the deep wilderness, they attack you with the other members of their clan. Because you are so deep in the wilderness, you can't teleport, and it is too far to easily run from them. Some clans object to this and will kill whoever tries to bs someone, accidental or not. Some clans will do this in a multi-combat area, but not in the wilderness. For example, the Varrock Sewers or Barbarian village. The way they will do this is they use a high level mage and Teleport-Block you. Then they will bind you and kill you. It is very rare to get away from this, but some players with extremly high defence levels (A.K.A defence pures) have done it. After they kill you, they will kick you from the clan. Bsing is a good way of making money alternatively, but it is not ethical or recommended because you will make it hard for the millions of people out on Runescape trying to have fun in PVP worlds enjoy themselves.

Anti-Player Killing

Anti-Player Killing (Anti-PKing, dubbed Anti-Random Player Killing or Ar-PKing by prominent clans dedicated to the practice) is the act of killing a Pker - generally denoted to be any armour wielding player with a skull.

An Anti-PKer is someone who only ever attacked PKers (i.e. Only attacking players with skulls) and never attacks anyone else. Some RuneScape clans are "Anti-Random PKing clans" and only ever kill PKers. Ironically, Anti-PKers often make more money than PKers, as the players they kill were skulled from killing other players, thus making the generated drop a higher one. Player killing was once a thing of the past, but due to the 15 October update, Anti-Player killers are once more on the rise.

As of 15 July 2009, all players entering a PvP or Bounty world are skulled upon login, which makes anti-pkers essentially the same as anyone else on a PvP world. This reduces their effectiveness tremendously.


This article uses material from the "Player killing" article on the Runescape wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.


Up to date as of February 05, 2010
(Redirected to Player Killing article)

From TibiaWiki



Player killing is the act of killing other players for amusement, punishment or for money/loot. After the introduction of the Skull System, a lot of player killer, or PK, characters were created. These are characters that exist only to cause death and havoc. Most PK characters are made by higher leveled players and killing them can get you hunted.

Tips to avoid getting playerkilled

  • Always stay near your friends or a large crowd.
  • Turn on Safe mode to stop accidental misclicks.
  • Carry UH, IH runes or potions so you can heal yourself if you get attacked.
  • Play on Non-PvP worlds, where direct player killing is disabled and every other form (for example Luring) is illegal.
  • Stay near a protection zone if you are weak or a low level.
  • If you see a lot of dead human bodies killed by other people, turn back.
  • Never walk into obvious PK traps.
  • Be on the lookout for stacked parcels or fire fields, PKs could be nearby.
  • Always keep Game-Chat open for warnings about PKs and lured monsters.
  • Don't make too many enemies and dont walk around insulting people; you can get hunted if you do.
  • Leave the spawn, if they were there first.
  • Don't KS (Kill Steal) by attacking their monster.
  • Don't beg for items - it frustrates people, and they might kill you for it.
  • Don't go near bags other people are dragging, the bags are often lootbags and you might get suspected for thievery.
  • Don't kill/attack people just because they're skulled, people could think that you're a Skullhunter, and if the player had a reason for his skull this could get you hunted.
  • Don't spam or in any other way annoy other players for no reason.
  • Don't attack another player's summoned/convinced monster.
  • If you are alone and someone starts following you, you should go to the nearest protection zone.
  • If you are fairly sure you will die by the hands of the PK, throw your backpack (and/or armor and weapons) into water/bin to stop the PK from profiting off your death, or try to hide it by hiding your backpack behind a tree or throwing it into a nearby cave for instance so you can retrieve it later.
  • Don't try to steal other's houses by bidding them at the last minute. This might irritate them to kill you.
  • Use Full Defense mode whenever you are not hunting. This will slow your HP loss in case you are attacked.
  • Use keyboard shortcuts for healing spells, runes and potions.
  • Don't use the keyboard to flee from the Player Killer. Instead, point with your mouse on the mini-map. This will give you time to think, call for help and even speak to your attacker.
  • Always be friendly and cautious. Avoid telling people what to do (for example, telling people to leave the area), for even if the player is a low-level, he might have the company or protection of a high level.
  • If you are premium, your chance of possibility of being attacked are reduced, also have addons and nice outfits helps you.
  • If you are a low level and have a premium account, hunt in a premium area as there are less player killers in premium area's.
  • On PVP-enforced servers, try not to walk on roads if you're a low level. Also, to avoid PK's that are standing outside of the depot there is a simple technique that mid-level mages can do. First use the creature illusion spell to transform into an Assassin, then use strong haste. Without closer inspection, you will appear as a level 80+, greatly increasing your chance of survival.
  • accept any precaution that someone is killing, lying or not is better to be cautious even more if you are low level.

More about how to avoid player killers can be found in Tibianews' article, Avoiding PK Attacks Guide

PK Hunting

In the worlds that PKing is allowed (PvP-Enforced Worlds), it is not suggested that players levels 15 and under attempt to PK. Levels 16 to about 55 can kill easily, but need to watch their backs for PK hunters or people who hunt and kill player killers. Anybody over level 55 can basically do what they want. If you want to hunt PKers, let you be warned now they will have friends that are a higher level than them. So hunt wisely. NEVER HUNT ALONE!!! If you hunt player killers, you need to have a hunting party of at least 4 people. This is especially true for the lower levels. (Anybody that is a level 100 of higher doesn't really need a hunting party.)

When attacking PKers, pay special attention to the color of their skull. A White Skull means that this person has just attacked or killed an unmarked player. A person that has a Red Skull will drop everything they have regardless of if they are wearing an amulet of loss. Take all of it and split it accordingly. Be careful when killing someone skulled because he might have friends.

PK Cities/Areas

In general, the major PKing cities are Carlin, Thais, Venore and Kazordoon (although this varies on each server). Other PKing areas are the Dwarf Bridge, Amazon Camp near the city of Venore, Troll Cave near the city of Thais, Ancient Temple, Dwarf Mines, Rotworm caves southeast of Venore and any other places far from cities or safety zones. Use extreme caution while traveling through these cities/areas. If possible always travel by Boat or by Magic Carpet although if travelling to/from femor hills, be carefull as there may be pk's. But as the centre of the Magic Carpet is a protection area, run to there insted of risking a death by running to the closest city, this could well save a death. Another popular idea if you think there may be pk's around, is to always put your most valuble item in the arrows slot, so you will not lose it. If you are very far of a city you need to be careful many players follow you, whether they are low level or high level. Many PK targets are unknown players, so you have a larger chance of death if you are solo.

This article uses material from the "Player Killing" article on the Tibia wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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