Janus VI was the location of a major Federation mining outpost, it was first colonized by Humans in the 2210s. In 2267 contact was made with the native Horta, expert miners by nature, after a rocky first contact the two groups learnt about each other and formed a mining alliance, making Janus one of the most productive and profitable operations in the know galaxy, sourcing raw ore and rare elements to the entire Federation. (TOS episode: "The Devil in the Dark"; DS9 novel: Devil in the Sky)
In 2267, Commander Krell reassured his men they would look back on the sedate world of Neural with pride from palaces once they had conquered it and mined its rich mineral wealth to the core. (TOS comic: The Order of Things)
Cardassians only typically mined on class M worlds, as it is not as cost effective to maintain operations in other non-native environments. Cardassian mining operations included the Xoxa colony and perhaps most famously Bajor, which they intensively mined during their occupation of the planet. The Cardassian operations left Bajor stripped of its resources and its own mining industry devastated. In 2370, in an attempt to revitalise Bajoran mining, a group of Bajoran private investors, in conjunction with the Federation, arranged for a family of Horta to be transported to the planet, in the hope their expert mining instincts would find deposits of minerals and ore the Cardassians missed or deemed too difficult to extract.
En route to Bajor the ship carrying the Horta was attacked by a Cardassian vessel which kidnapped the adult Horta. The Horta’s eggs arrived safely at Deep Space 9 but she was unaware of this and the Cardassians claimed they would damage her eggs unless she worked for them in a mine on the moon of Davonia. A rescue team soon retrieved the Horta and a group of fifty Bajoran slave labourers the Cardassians had working in their mines. However the Bajoran government, unaware of the private arrangement, refused to allow the Horta to settle of Bajor under ecological grounds. Instead the family settled on the Bajoran moon The Prodigal where they discovered valuable deposits of uranium, pergium and latinum. (DS9 novel: Devil in the Sky)
Picks can be used to improve mining skill or reduce the time it takes to harvest a rock.
|basic mining pick||1||This item is no longer sold by vendors, although it may be available on the broker.||Increases Mining skill by 1.0|
|Ash Pick||20||Woodworker-crafted using a level 27 recipe.||Reduces harvest time for mining by .5 seconds|
|Briarwood Pick||30||Woodworker-crafted using a level 37 recipe.||Reduces harvest time for mining by 1 second|
|Teak Pick||40||Woodworker-crafted using a level 47 recipe.||Reduces harvest time for mining by 1.5 seconds|
|Sandalwood Pick||50||Woodworker-crafted using a level 57 recipe.||Reduces harvest time for mining by 2 seconds|
|Calibrated Automated Pickaxe||CL30||Tinkerer-crafted using a 160 skill recipe||Reduces harvest time for mining by -1.0 seconds
Increases Mining skill by +10
|Miscalibrated Automated Pickaxe||CL46||Tinkerer-crafted using a 235 skill recipe||Reduces harvest time for mining by -1.0 seconds
Increases Mining skill by +15
|Overclocked Automated Pickaxe||CL66||Tinkerer-crafted using a 335 skill recipe||Reduces harvest time for mining by -2.5 seconds
Increases Mining skill by +20
To mine, players need a pickaxe that they have the required Mining level to mine with. Players should then choose where to mine, taking into consideration the proximity to a bank, and what ores are available. Players only need to left-click once on any rock containing ore to mine it (provided they have the level needed for that ore type). Players can discover which ore is in a rock by right-clicking and selecting Prospect (with or without a pickaxe). Experienced miners do not need to prospect every rock, as they recognise the colour of the rock and know the ore it contains. The obtained ores, gems, and essence can then be sold for profit, or used by the player for the Smithing, Crafting, and Runecrafting skills.
Luck will play a certain factor in how quickly ores are obtained from mining. While the player's Mining level and the type of pickaxe that they use have an influence, there remains a certain randomness that determines when the ore is finally mined. When two players of different levels both attempt to mine the same rock, it is unlikely for the lower-levelled player to get the ore. However, while the player's Mining level certainly affects the outcome, its influence has not yet been proven. Some players believe that they can get ores faster by repeatedly left-clicking on the rock until they get an ore because by clicking a rock, it will "reset the 'luck' timer" so players will just have to click until they get an ore in one strike of their pickaxe. However, this is unproven and has not been confirmed by JaGeX but is now removed from the game due to the advisor update
The pickaxes used in mining ores can be equipped like a weapon, giving players one more space in their inventory. A player's Mining level determines the type of pickaxe they can mine with (while their Attack level determines whether they can wield it and thus save that inventory space). As with all weapons, as the pickaxe type progresses, so to does its effectiveness both as a weapon and in its ability to mine faster. Pickaxes are sold by Nurmof in the Dwarven Mines, Tati in Keldagrim, Bob in Lumbridge (bronze only), or at the Grand Exchange. Furthermore, pickaxes can be forged at the appropriate Smithing level for players who have completed the Perils of Ice Mountain quest.
|Pickaxe||Mining level||Attack level*||Grand Exchange price|
|Bronze||1||1||38 coins update|
|Iron||1||1||238 coins update|
|Steel||6||5||598 coins update|
|Mithril||21||20||665 coins update|
|Adamant||31||30||1,875 coins update|
|Rune||41||40||19,100 coins update|
|Dragon||61||60||14,200,000 coins update|
|Sacred Clay||40||1||20 Stealing Creation points (degrades; only from shop)|
|Inferno Adze||41 (and 92 Firemaking)||1||Not bought; reward from All Fired Up (minigame)|
Ores are obtained from the different rocks that are found in mines. On the minimap, mines are labelled with a grey pickaxe. The colour of a rock's vein corresponds to the ore's colour, so a black vein will yield coal ore, a blue vein will yield mithril ore, and so forth. Players can identify which kind of ore a rock is composed of via prospecting.
When a player clicks on a rock, they will hit it with their pickaxe and attempt to extract the ore. The higher level the rock (e.g., adamantite and runite), the longer the mining procedure will take, requiring the player to have patience.
After the ore has been mined, the rock will no longer have a visible vein of colour for a while. (In the past, the whole rock would change shade when the ore was mined.) Eventually, another ore will respawn and the rock will regain its vein of colour. Players can only mine a rock when ore is available. Ore respawn times differ with the level requirement of the rock and the amount of people on the server (e.g., runite rocks can take up to 25 minutes to respawn, while iron rocks take about 3 seconds). Rune essence is an exception to this as there is no respawn time and players can mine continuously.
Players can continuously mine multiple pieces of coal and gold ore in the Living Rock Caverns until the concentrated coal/gold rock collapses. Sometimes, players will mine two ores at once, gaining experience for both ores. While wearing Varrock armour, players may find that they can mine three ores at once in the cavern. Mining coal in the Living Rock Caverns requires level 77 Mining, while mining gold there requires level 80 Mining. Beware of aggressive, ranged/melee level 120, 140 and 200 creatures that protect the rocks.
|Clay||1||5||Clay is used in Crafting to make small items such as pots.|
|Rune essence||1||5||To mine rune essence, players will need to complete the Rune Mysteries quest. It is used in the Runecrafting. Rune essence does not have a respawn time, allowing a player to click once on the rock and wait until his/her inventory is full.|
|Copper||1||17.5||Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a copper ore with a tin ore to make a bronze bar.|
|Limestone||10||26.5||Members only. Limestone is needed in the members quest Regicide. It can be crafted into limestone bricks by using a chisel on them, which are used in the Construction skill. It is found next to the place where you start Rag and Bone Man.|
|Blurite||10||17.5||Blurite is needed in the quest The Knight's Sword. It is also the only ore needed for smelting blurite bars, used to create Blurite limbs for crossbows and Blurite bolts (unf). It is nontradeable.|
|Iron||15||35||Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt an iron ore to make an iron bar or smelt it with 2 Coal to make a steel bar.|
|Elemental||20||0||Members only. Elemental ore can only be mined during and after the Elemental Workshop quest, and is smelted with 4 coal into an elemental bar which is used in making Elemental shields and Elemental helmets.|
|Daeyalt||20||17.5||Members only. Daeyalt ore can only be mined from the Meiyerditch mines during and after the Darkness of Hallowvale quest. Mining 15 ores is required before being released from the mine. It is nontradeable.|
|Silver||20||40||Silver is used in the Crafting skill to make items, such as tiaras.|
|Pure essence||30||5||Members only. To mine pure essence, players will need to complete the Rune Mysteries quest. It is used in Runecrafting. Pure essence does not have a respawn time, allowing a player to click once on the rock and wait until his/her inventory is full.|
|Coal||30||50||Coal is very commonly used in Smithing, being required to make bars from steel to rune.|
|Sandstone||35||30, 40, 50 or 60||Members only. Available at the quarry south of the Bandit Camp (Kharidian Desert). Used in Enakhra's Lament quest. When mined, it shows up in your inventory as a 1,2,5, or 10 kg block.|
|Gem Rock||40||65||Members only. Gem rocks are only available to members who have completed the Shilo Village quest or Lunar Diplomacy quest, there are gem rocks in the lunar mine as well as in Shilo Village. Gem rocks can also be found randomly during the Tai Bwo Wannai Cleanup minigame or by mining ore or coal rocks. Mining a gem rock gives a player a gem ranging from opal to diamond (Meaning no dragonstone or onyx), which can be used in Crafting or Fletching.|
|Gold||40||65||Gold is used in the Crafting skill to make items, such as jewellery.|
|'Perfect' gold ore||40||-||'Perfect' gold ore is used in the Family Crest quest to make a 'Perfect' ruby ring and 'Perfect' ruby necklace.|
|Granite||45||50, 60 or 75||Members only. Available at the quarry south of the Bandit Camp (Kharidian Desert). Used in Enakhra's Lament and King's Ransom.|
|Rubium||46||17.5||Members only. Found on the walls deep within the Witchaven dungeon. Used in Kennith's Concerns.|
|Mithril||55||80||Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a Mithril ore with four coal to make a mithril bar.|
|Lunar||60||-||Members only. Used during the Lunar Diplomacy quest to make a lunar helm.|
|Adamantite||70||95||Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt an Adamantite ore with six coal to make an adamantite bar.|
|Living Minerals||73||25||Living minerals are used as bait with a Fishing Rod to fish for Rocktail. Rocktail fishing spots are only found in the Living Rock Caverns. The minerals are only found by mining the remains of living rock protectors found in the caverns.|
|Concentrated coal rocks||77||55||Concentrated coal deposits give multiple ores, 50 experience each, or 2 ores adding up to 100 experience, and with very good experience, with the nearby deposit box.|
|Concentrated gold rocks||80||65||Concentrated gold deposits give multiple ores, 65 experience each, or 2 ores adding up to 130 experience, and with very good experience with the nearby deposit box.|
|Runite||85||125||Players can use the Smithing skill to smelt a Runite ore with eight coal to make a runite bar. This ore can take 10–20 minutes to respawn depending on how full the world is. You can only mine runite ore as a non-member in the wilderness, where there are only two rocks, and you run a high risk of being killed by revenants. As a member, there are many safer areas in which you can mine runite, but no more than two rocks in one place. This combined with the long respawn times makes world hopping highly recommended. Tips for mining in the wilderness: Bring food, as revenants can do very high damage and freeze you in place (however, eating lobster can unfreeze you, giving you both health and a chance to run away). It is nearly impossible to escape a revenant unless you switch worlds. They are very persistent and will keep following you no matter where you run to in the wilderness. Employing an exhaustion strategy, its only a matter of time before they catch up to you. Once you are attacked by a revenant, no other player will be it's target. If you are non member, it is highly recommended that you achieve a high combat level, with emphasis on defence before trying to mine the runite in the wilderness, as the chances of a revenants appear often.|
|Mine||Clay||Copper||Tin||Iron||Silver||Coal||Gold||Mithril||Adamantite||Runite||Notes and hazards|
|Al Kharid mining site||-||3||1||9||5||2||2||3||2||-||Chasm Mine/Scorpion pit has a rock slope that's climbable at level 38 Agility.|
|Arzinian Mine||-||-||-||-||-||-||143||-||-||-||Accessible after the Between a Rock... quest. Contains lots of gold veins, and a local dwarf to transport the gold ores to the bank (for a small fee of gold ores).|
|Barbarian Village mining site||-||-||5||-||-||4||-||-||-||-||Very few safe spots for low-level miners; lacks copper ore needed for bronze|
|Brimhaven mining site||-||-||-||-||-||-||6||-||-||-||On members-only side of Karamja island|
|Coal Trucks||-||-||-||-||-||18||-||-||-||-||Coal trucks can hold up to 120 coal. You can hold up to 140 coal if the easy tasks of the Seers' Village Diary is completed, 168 if the medium diary is completed, and 196 if the hard diary is completed.|
|Crafting Guild mining site||6||-||-||-||6||-||7||-||-||-||Level 40 Crafting and brown apron required.|
|North Crandor mining site South Crandor mining site||-||-||-||-||-||10||3||8||3||-||Accessible during and after the Dragon Slayer quest.|
|Dorgeshuun Mine||-||-||-||9||12||-||-||-||-||-||Accessible during and after the Lost Tribe quest. Is a good place to power-mine without losing a lot of money, as Mistag (at the southern end of the mine) will buy your iron and silver ores. Requires a light source.|
|Dwarven Mine||5||11||10||9||-||11||2||2||3||-||Scorpions and King Scorpions at the south-eastern section. Nurmof at the east of the mine can repair broken pickaxes.|
|Edgeville dungeon mine||-||2||2||3||3||6||-||1||2||-||Skeletons, Hobgoblins, and more|
|Mourner Tunnels mine||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||1||Dark Beasts, only accessible during and after Mourning's Ends Part 2|
|Grand Tree mine||9||-||-||8||4||11||4||4||3||-||Only accessible after The Grand Tree quest|
|Hero's Guild Mine||-||-||-||-||-||11||-||2||2||2||Prerequisite - Hero's Quest|
|Bandit camp mining site||-||-||21||-||27||-||19||8||-||Hobgoblins, Level 32 Wilderness. Beware of the Revenants.|
|Karamja Volcano mine||-||-||-||-||-||-||4||-||-||-||Skeletons|
|Lumbridge Swamp training mining site||-||5||5||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||Safe place for low level miners.|
|West Lumbridge Swamp mining site||-||-||-||-||-||7||-||5||2||-|
|Mining Guild||-||-||-||-||-||37||-||5||-||-||Need level 60 Mining to enter|
|Central Fremennik Isles mining site||-||-||-||-||-||7||-||-||-||1||Need The Fremennik Isles Quest|
|North Keldagrim mining area||-||-||-||-||-||-||8||-||10||2||Need Forgiveness of a Chaos Dwarf Quest|
|Rimmington mining site||2||5||2||6||-||-||2||-||-||-||Very Safe, with mobility can get into Falador to smelt.|
|North Edgeville mining site||-||-||-||2||-||3||-||-||-||-||Skeletons, Level 6 Wilderness|
|South-east Varrock mining site||-||9||6||4||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|South-west Varrock mining site||3||-||8||3||3||-||-||-||-||-|
|Southern wilderness mining site||-||-||-||-||-||34||-||-||-||Skeletons, Level 9 Wilderness|
|Lava Maze runite mining site||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||2||Level 46 Wilderness. Beware of the Revenants.|
See Mines for a more detailed listing of mines.
All players have access to these mines. See Mines for a more detailed listing of mines.
Only members can access these mines. See Mines for a more detailed listing of mines.
Shooting Stars are a part of the Distractions and Diversions, which is for members only. They can be found via a Telescope in a Player Owned House. They fall in waves every 2 hours on all Members worlds and will land around 2–15 minutes after each other. The stars can be from size 1 (10 Mining required) up to size 9 (90 Mining required). Bigger stars give more stardust, but are much harder to mine. There are nine areas in RuneScape that shooting stars will fall. You can learn more about the specific locations in the Distractions and Diversions guide. If you reach your limit of 200 stardust, you can still carry on mining the star for Mining experience. Mining stars give players stardust. 200 stardust may be exchanged for:
For an exact total of 86,234 coins.
If you are very desperate about finding a shooting star then make a clan to find them. If you are going to make a clan then you need someone in their Player Owned House to look through their telescope and find out where and when it will land, this way when one person finds it they can say where it is and what size it is. There is one problem, however, with making a clan. If there a lot of players in the clan then there will be more players mining the shooting star, which means that you would get comparatively less stardust.
Random events are events that happen at random times. They were introduced to stop macroers, or people who use programs to play RuneScape automatically for them. Some random events include non-player characters asking players to do a task for them and rewarding them if they are successful or monsters that appear and attack the player. In Mining, there are quite a few random events.
When mining your player may find a gem in the rock. A player's chances of finding gems are increased when wearing a charged amulet of glory. There also seems to be a positive correlation between a player's mining level and the frequency of gems they receive while mining - that is, the higher one's mining level is, the more likely they are to receive gems while mining. There is also an extremely small chance of finding more than one gem in a rock.
While mining, a Rock Golem may appear and begin attacking the player.
The combat level of the golem depends on the player's combat level, and it will always be higher than the player's. The Rock Golem's combat level varies from level 14 to 159. Players may either attempt to kill it, or run away. The Rock Golem also has a ranged attack. If a player kills the golem, it can drop ores, dwarven stouts, pickaxes, uncut gems, or nothing.
Rock Golems are especially vulnerable to pickaxes.
Since the random event update, Rock Golems cannot be found with a random event - though, they are in the enchanted valley with the rest of the discontinued random creatures.
The Exploding rock event can occur when a player mines a rock that has gas bubbling out of it. If a player continues mining this rock once it starts smoking, they will likely set a spark and it will explode, dealing 10 damage to the player and destroying the head of the player's pickaxe. The player can get it repaired, for a price, by Nurmof, the dwarf who sells pickaxes in the Dwarven Mine, or by Bob in Lumbridge. Bob can also repair barrows equipment (member item only).
A good trick to save money was to go to the Grand Exchange buy a broken pickaxe then go to Bob in Lumbridge and get him to fix it for you. With the Random Event update, broken pickaxes do not exist any more.
While mining, the player's Pickaxe head may fly off. The head lands somewhere nearby, usually 3 to 10 squares away. When this occurs, the player has to find the pickaxe head quickly before it disappears or before someone else sees and grabs it (and some would try to extort money from the player to return the pickaxe head). Once retrieved, the player can use the pickaxe head on the handle to put the pickaxe back together.
It should be noted that when mining a player's animation will never be stopped unless they log out, die, or left-click somewhere else or eat/drink anything or drop something. So, with this in mind, players could, in theory, mine continuously until the ore runs out. One example of this is when players are attacked, their mining animation may be delayed or seem as if it has been stopped, but in reality they are actually still mining.
Players could also transfer to another ore if they feel that the ore they are mining is taking too long. The animation will transfer and you might find mining faster this way.
Also known as drop mining, this is where a player fills their inventory with ores, drops them all, and repeats. While this method of mining allows players to raise their Mining level quickly, dropping a whole inventory of ores can take some time. Also, by using this method, a player would be missing out on Smithing experience or money from selling the ore. Another method of power mining is to drop an ore just as another ore is mined, allowing players to mine while dropping ores at nearly the same speed as mining without dropping ores. Some mining spots for:
An extremely helpful tip when dropping the ores is to generally drop a stack of ores located near the top. A stack refers to one of the four columns (in your inventory, since there are 28 spaces, with 7 in each column, four per row). Right-click and drop the first ore located near your upper most stack, and as soon as you click on the Drop option, right-click again and just repeat the process. The reason why this method is good is since it doesn't require much timing or accuracy, since the right-clicking will be based on your previous right-click. The Drop option is conveniently located right below each pixel, so this provides a smooth flux of movement!
This is a far less popular type of power mining. The main difference is that players do not drop all of their precious ores. All you need is a friend who is willing to run back and forth from the bank to your mining spot for payment or profit of ores. When you have a full inventory of Iron ore (F2P) or Granite (P2P), you trade them to your runner before mining another full load of ores. Your runner will then take the ores to the bank and withdraw them as notes before bringing them back to you for payment or a percentage of the ores, usually half. This is still a good form of power mining that allows you to keep some of your ores and runners can also profit from your ability to mine quickly. The reason this is so unpopular is that it is usually very easy for a runner to find a power miner who is dropping or willing to give all of their ores for free. With the new trading limits enforced by runescape, it is harder to ore run as a non member can only trade 10,000 coins in a period of 15 minutes which is highly inefficient.
This term refers to the use of the Superheat Item spell, available to players with level 43 or higher magic. Using this technique allows players to emerge from a mine with an inventory full of bars instead of ores, at the cost of one nature rune per bar (with a fire staff equipped). Players should enter the mine with an equipped fire staff, a stack of nature runes, and a pickaxe in their inventory. After mining the appropriate ore and coal, the player casts the spell, which frees up extra inventory space so the process can continue. This allows players to spend far longer in a mine before returning to a bank, and streamlines the smelting process. Using this technique to create mithril bars in the Mining Guild is one of the most effective ways to gain Mining and Smithing experience in the game. In addition, when casting Superheat Item on an iron ore, there is no longer a 50% chance of success; it is always 100% when casting Superheat Item.
The rate that ore respawn for each rock is proportional to the number of players logged in that world. This means that the same rock will respawn quicker in a busy world, like World 1 or World 2, than it would in a world with fewer players, such as World 127. This is especially important to consider when power mining (see above).
For general mining, it is slightly more advisable that players go to a quieter trading world such as World 127. Although it has a slower rate of rock respawn, there are much fewer players in the world and, therefore, less competition for the rocks. As for selling the ores, the new method of trading in the Grand Exchange allows the player to make offers with players in all servers. The only disadvantage, as mentioned before, is the ore respawn rate plus the disadvantage of the traditional method of trading as there would be very few people wishing to purchase your ore.
Players are strongly recommended to wield their pickaxe. This way, they have more inventory space to allow them to carry ores. To wield picks players must have the appropriate Attack level, as the pickaxe is considered a weapon.
Players are strongly recommended to wear few items or nothing at all other than their pickaxe. Members are advised to wear the boots of lightness, obtained in the Temple of Ikov quest, so that their weight is lower, therefore allowing them to run for longer periods of time. Also, wearing the Spotted Cape or Spottier Cape from the Hunter Skill can be very useful, as well as Penance gloves from the Barbarian Assault mini-game. If they are wearing armour, then they would be quite heavy, making them lose a large amount of energy in a short amount of time.
Among other benefits, the Varrock armour (obtained from completing the different levels of difficulty of the Varrock Diary) offers a small chance of obtaining two ores at the same time from one rock. The player will get experience for both ores. As the Varrock armour is upgraded upon completing the tasks of the diary, this unique effect will be available for rocks up to adamantite.
In the Wilderness, players can be attacked by dangerous Revenants, all of whom can hit very high in any attack style, and can freeze and/or teleblock. They can even steal players out of combat with another monster. Before you begin mining, check which attack you are weakest to in terms of equipment bonus (Magic or Ranged. Melee doesn't matter since you'll be running and will not be next to the Revenant), as revenants primarily attack with whatever you are weakest to. If a Revenant does attack you, the best thing to do is to use the Howl scroll (while you have a spirit wolf around) to make it flee; or if you don't have a wolf, turn on the protection prayer of which attack you are weakest to if you can, run away (preferably south, in hopes that they won't be able to attack you in a lower level of the wilderness), and switch worlds as soon as you're out of range.
If you want to power mine you could go to a PvP world with nothing but wielding a pickaxe and a chest-type armour and shield. Usually all the other players are too busy attacking each other to mine or notice you, so you have almost no competition. With the update of being auto-skulled, you must be willing to lose your pickaxe and armour. If you want to keep the ores for profit, keep your inventory on the log out screen and watch your mini-map. Log out if you notice anyone running toward you. Wearing a dragon hide body and legs are preferred over two pieces of rune armour to prevent getting hit from long range by magic spells.
Here are some suggested training methods for players to raise their Mining level.
Members have additional training options:
After completing the Seers' Village Diary the coal trucks can hold up to a max of 196 coal before having to be emptied.
You can save a couple of seconds while banking using the skills necklace's Mining Guild teleport, which teleports you directly in front of the stairs leading down to the mining area.
Mining was the business of mineral and metal excavation and extraction. Many planets, such as Peragus II, Ord Cestus, or Bespin, were constantly mined. The Expansion Region got its name as the planets there were constantly mined when first discovered. Mining was an important source of credits.
Some mining was conducted using hand held lasers.