At the time of the Clone Wars, the Jedi Order had four Jedi Councils. The Jedi Temple had five spires, and while the tallest spire (the Temple Spire) contained the texts of the founding Jedi, the four smaller spires each contained one council.
The High Council was the primary governing body of the Jedi Order, and comprised twelve Jedi Masters or Jedi Knights who discussed and contemplated all aspects of the Order. The council was composed of five permanent members who accepted a lifetime commitment to it. In addition, four long-term members served until they chose to step down, and the limited-term members sat on the council for specified terms. Like the other three Old Republic-era Jedi Councils, the High Council was disbanded due to Order 66.
This Council took care of matters requiring the wisdom of past Jedi Masters or Council members, and gave advice to the High Council and any Jedi who requested it.
This Council sought after peaceful settlements to political disputes on Coruscant or other worlds in the Republic. Adi Gallia, Oppo Rancisis, and others would take part in this Council from time to time.
This Council handled the organization of work for young Jedi who had not been chosen by Jedi Masters to be Padawans. This Council also dealt with the reassignment of Jedi to different positions and responsibilities. For instance, Jorus C'baoth was reassigned by the Council to act as a personal advisor to Senator Palpatine.
Following the establishment of the New Jedi Order, Luke Skywalker considered establishing a new Jedi Council, but avoided any formal establishment. When the Galactic Alliance was founded, a decision was made to form a High Council consisting in part of Jedi and in part of Alliance government officials, to ensure the Jedi and government would cooperate rather than be at odds, as happened with the Old and New Republics.
By 35 ABY, the New Jedi Order had established a Masters' Council. Unlike the High Council, which was essentially a body of the Alliance government serving in an advisory role to the Chief of State, the Masters' Council was the leading body of the Order, dealing with strictly Jedi matters and autonomous from the Alliance government. The absoluteness of its control over the Jedi Knights was a matter of debate. The Masters' council alternately assembled either at the new Jedi Temple on Coruscant or at the new Academy on Ossus. After the resolution of the Swarm War the Galactic Alliance High Council was disbanded in favor of a more authoritative Jedi Council.
While the main Jedi Council resided on Coruscant, other planets had their own Jedi academies throughout history, governed by their own councils. It is possible some of these councils were subsets of the High Council.
Prior to the Exar Kun War, the Dantooine Jedi Enclave was presided over by Master Vodo-Siosk Baas, whom Exar Kun murdered. During the Great Hunt, the Enclave was goverened by a four-member council subservient to the High Council on Coruscant; the members of this council were Vrook Lamar, Bala Nisi, Qual and Aleco Stusea. This council had jurisdiction over the Jedi in the part of the Outer Rim that included Dantooine and Taris. 
By the Mandalorian Wars, two of the council members were replaced, and the Dantooine Enclave Council consisted of Masters Vrook Lamar, Zhar Lestin, Bala Nisi and Vandar Tokare. This council was astonished when the Jedi Exile disobeyed Atris and went to fight in the Mandalorian Wars. By the Jedi Civil War, Bala was replaced by Master Dorak. The fact that both Vrook Lamar and Vandar Tokare were also members of the Jedi High Council may indicate the Dantooine Enclave Council was a subset of the High Council. This council was responsible for healing Darth Revan's destroyed mind and inserting a new identity into his brain, and after the destruction of Taris, retraining him in the ways of the Jedi.
Vrook, having also survived the attack, eventually returned to Dantooine and, along with two other Jedi Masters who managed to escape the First Jedi Purge that followed the Jedi Civil War—Kavar and Zez-Kai Ell—held a High Council meeting within the rebuilt Enclave. The three Masters, however, were slain by Darth Traya when they attempted to cut the Jedi Exile off from the Force. It is unknown whether the Enclave was used again.
In 3,964 BBY, leading up to the Mandalorian Wars, the Tarisian Jedi Council consisted of Masters Lucien Draay, Feln, Q'Anilia, Raana Tey and Xamar. They were responsible for the administration and training of the Tarisian Jedi Academy. This council was subservient to the Dantooine Enclave Council, who in-turn answered to the Jedi High Council on Coruscant. However, this council had ulterior allegiances and operated, also, under the secret oversight of the Jedi Covenant. Because of this, just before the outbreak of the Mandalorian Wars the graduating class of Jedi Padawans who trained there were murdered by their masters.
After the Jedi Civil War, Master Atris gathered the remaining Jedi in a secret assembly on Katarr, a Miraluka world. Unknown by the other Jedi, Atris revealed the assembly's location hoping that the Sith Lord Darth Nihilus would reveal himself. However, his power was much greater than the Jedi expected; Nihilus consumed the Force from the entire planet, causing the death of all the Jedi on Katarr, as well as all natives, except Visas Marr.
Atris's secret academy on Telos had a round room with seats, similar to one in the Jedi Temple on Coruscant. It is unknown whether a council was ever held there. The Jedi artifacts at the Dantooine Jedi Enclave, such as scrolls and holocrons—some of which predated even Ossus—were moved to this secret academy before Dantooine was attacked. Because of this vast collection of ancient Jedi knowledge, and with precious few Jedi sanctums left in the galaxy, it is possible that Brianna and Atris returned here along with the other Lost Jedi—Bao-Dur, Visas Marr, Mical, Mira, Atton Rand, and Bastila Shan—to reform the Jedi Order while the Jedi Exile went to the Unknown Regions in search of Revan.
The Almas Academy was overseen by the Almas Council, which over time included Nerra Ziveri, Lanius Qel-Bertuk, Kirlocca, Jurahi, Ti-Amun Tiro, Devan For'deschel, and Darrus Jeht. This Council consisted of all the Masters who were instructors at the Academy. The Council was subject to the orders of the High Council on Coruscant. Eg: In 31 BBY, lone Jedi Knight Alec arrived to the Cularin system looking for dark Jedi Karae Nalvas. Although the Almas Council agreed that Nalvas was a threat, they followed the High Council's criteria and allowed Alec to deal with Nalvas without their interference — however, the Almas Academy was ready to act should Alec or the High Council changed their mind.
During Order 66, Aleenan Jedi General Kazdan Paratus escaped the slaughter on the Jedi Temple by fleeing away instead of fighting to protect the Temple like other Jedi such as Cin Drallig and Shaak Ti which led to most of the their deaths. His cowardly act of escape to the planet of Raxus Prime eventually led him to become a disillusioned and a hermit Jedi and in his guilt of the Temple's destruction, he recreated the Jedi Temple using scraps of metal found all over on the junk planet and even created models of Council members to let go of his grief. The whole structure was destroyed when Darth Vader deployed his apprentice Galen 'Starkiller' Marek to kill the hermit Jedi upon receiving intelligence from his spies. Marek had encountered an unforseen problem. Paratus had managed to animate his mock Jedi. Each fake Jedi had a weapon such as a force pike or vibroblade. Galen defeated each with ease, while Kazdan recovered.
The Jedi Council was the governing body of the Jedi. Below are some example of a Jedi Council.
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