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Music

Up to date as of February 02, 2010

From Your Subculture Soundtrack, the music encyclopedia

Originating Location: Originated in New Orleans

Originating Era: early 1900s

Contents

Key Artists

  • Miles Davis
  • Dave Brubeck
  • Louis Armstrong
  • Benny Goodman
  • John Coltrane
  • Thelonious Monk
  • Antonio Carlos Jobim
  • J. J. Johnson
  • Stan Getz
  • Cannonball Adderley
  • Count Bassie
  • Duke Ellington
  • Gerry Mulligan
  • Wynton Marsalis
  • Charlie "Bird" Parker
  • Horace Silver
  • Herbie Hancock
  • Lee Morgan
  • Bobby McFerrin
  • Billy Strayhorn
  • Wayne Shorter
  • Sonny Rollins
  • Stanley Turrentine
  • Art Blakey
  • Slide Hampton
  • Lionel Hampton
  • Count Basie
  • Dizzy Gillespie
  • Billie Holliday
  • Ella Fitzgerald
  • Woody Herman
  • Benny Goodman
  • Wes Montgomery

Key Albums

  • Miles Davis - Birth of the Cool
  • Dave Brubeck - Take Five
  • John Coltrane - Giant Steps
  • Lee Morgan - Candy
  • J. J. Johnson - The Eminent Volume 1 and The Eminent Volume 2
  • Benny Goodman - Sing, Sing, Sing

Genre Description

Jazz is a form of music that has made the critical and cultural evolution from disrespected wild music to one of the major forms of "serious" music. The origins of jazz, which is considered by most as "America's classical music," are found in the burgeoning city of New Orleans at the turn of the 20th century. Taking cues from a number of different existing genres including but not limited to blues, ragtime, classical and marching bands, the jazz style of music began like most genres do, experimental and rebellious (usually condemned by popular culture). Later of course the music would be held in the highest esteem before inevitably breaking down into a number of sub-genres. It is impossible to trace the lineage of jazz in a straight line; from the outset it branches out into any number of paths. As stated before, the starting point geographically was New Orleans (some speculate in the Red Light District of the city) where the style was mostly embraced by African-Americans looking to express themselves. The style was quickly adopted by the mostly black lower class and simultaneously discredited by the mostly white upper class. Thanks to the great migration of African-Americans during that era, jazz spread across the country finding fertile homes in Chicago, New York and a few other major cities; where it was able to evolve in different directions with each major location finding its own niche. Luminaries in the genre during the 30s and 40s such as Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman and Count Basie along with the big band and swing styles helped immensly to popularize jazz and establish it as a major musical powerhouse. And in turn, the popularization inspired a lot of musicians to rebel against the mainstream tastes and create new styles which included everything from the initial reaction of hard bop embraced by Art Blakey and Miles Davis to the anarchic free jazz practiced by Ornette Coleman and John Coltrane to other various approaches such as latin jazz, cool jazz and fusion.

Artists in this genre

Main article: List of Jazz Artists

Labels in this genre

Further Reading

Websites

  • Wikipedia Article
  • All About Jazz
  • Jazz Online
  • A Passion for Jazz
  • Jazz Biographies and resources

Books

  • The History of Jazz by Ted Gioia
  • Jazz 101 : A Complete Guide to Learning and Loving Jazz by John Szwed
  • Jazz : A History of America's Music by Geoffry C. Ward, Ken Burns

This article uses material from the "Jazz" article on the Music wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Memory-beta

Up to date as of February 02, 2010

Memory Beta, the wiki for licensed Star Trek content.

Jazz was a style of music and dance which originated on Earth in the 20th century, remaining popular through the 24th century.

William T. Riker was a great jazz fan, and named several shuttles aboard the USS Titan after noted jazz musicians. (TTN novel: Taking Wing)

Jazz dance was one style of dance practiced by Beverly Crusher. (TNG comic: Captain's Pleasure)

Noted jazz musicians

Connections


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This article uses material from the "Jazz" article on the Memory-beta wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Muppet

Up to date as of February 02, 2010
(Redirected to Jazz Numbers article)

From Muppet Wiki

Written by  Denny Zeitlin
Music by 
Lyrics by 
Date  1969
Source  Sesame Street
Publisher  Easy Reader Music

A series of animated counting films were used on Sesame Street produced during the first season. From two to ten, for each film, the songs are individually registered as "Jazz #x," where x is the featured number.

The segments, featuring race cars and spies, were shown regularly from 1969 to 1991, with vocals provided by Grace Slick of Jefferson Airplane. The first segment, "Jazz #2", debuted in the first test pilot, and was first broadcast in the first episode of the series.

Composer Denny Zeitlin remembers:

John Magnuson of Imagination, Inc. hired me to compose and perform that soundtrack, which is called "1 to 10". I'm playing piano and clavinet on it, with Bobby Natanson on drums, and Mel Graves, bass. Some time after we recorded it, Grace Slick over-dubbed her parts. [1]

Jazz #8 was often followed by an Ernie and Bert sketch, which begins with Ernie watching (and singing along to) the end of the segment on his TV.

The film for #2 was included on Old School: Volume 1, as part of episodes 1 and 536, and in Old School: Volume 2, as part of the test pilot. The film for #10 was included in the Sesame Street Unpaved special. On the Shalom Sesame videos, Hebrew dubbed versions of #4, #6 and #8 appear, respectively, on Show 3: Kibbutz, Show 5: Jerusalem, and Show 6: Chanukah. The Sesame Street Unpaved book features stills of the race cars on the first page of each chapter. #4 and #7 can both be viewed at Sesamestreet.org. The spies from these segments appear on the cover of The Sesame Street Book of Numbers.

Segments

Episode numbers denote first appearance according to the CTW Archives.

  • 2 (First: Episode 0001)
  • cyclist, 2 elevator doors, George Washington and Abraham Lincoln, 2 shaking hands, 2 fish, 2 people shoot at each other (paper rolls that say "2" come out of their guns)
  • 3 (First: Episode 0002)
  • racecar driver, 3-headed creature (with 3 teeth), 3 balls, 3 holes, 3 mice, 3 lights on a traffic light, 3-pronged pitchfork held by the Devil
  • 4 (First: Episode 0006)
  • hockey player, 4 airplanes, 4 diamonds on a playing card, 4 fish, 4-legged table, 4-legged chair, 4 elephants
  • 5 (First: Episode 0007)
  • football player, 5 fingers, 5 animals, 5 butterflies, 5 cents on a gumball machine, 5 gumballs, 5 guys riding on an alligator
  • 6 (First: Episode 0011)
  • train, 6 dots on a die, 6-legged insect, 6 pairs of legs on a dragon, a king with 5 subjects
  • 7 (First: Episode 0012)
  • runner, magician with 7 rabbits, 7 of clubs on a playing card, 7 flying creatures
  • 8 (First: Episode 0016)
  • 8 ball, octopus, 8 marching dogs, 8-petaled flower, which is eaten by an 8-legged creature, which is eaten by an 8-legged spider, with is swallowed by a snake
  • 9 (First: Episode 0016)
  • a guy jumping into a bucket, 9-paned window, 9 hats worn by 9 kids, 9 apples, 9 hearts, dancing dog
  • 10 (First: Episode 0021)
  • guy holding a flag with "10" on it, 10 cars in a race, 10 dogs, 10 feathers on a peacock, 10 spies on the racetrack, #10 driver wins the race

Sources

  1. Denny Zeitlin, personal communication with Heather F. (User:Raposofan), May 29, 2007. See talk page for full e-mail.

This article uses material from the "Jazz Numbers" article on the Muppet wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Marvel Database

Up to date as of February 09, 2010

From Marvel Database

This is the Jazz disambiguation page.

A = Appearances · I = Images · G = Gallery · F = Fan Art · Q = Quotes

Disambig Template Help

John Zander


This article uses material from the "Jazz" article on the Marvel Database wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Transformers

Up to date as of February 05, 2010
(Redirected to Jazz (disambiguation) article)

From Teletraan I: The Transformers Wiki

The name Jazz refers to several characters:

This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. If an internal link referred you to this page, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.

This article uses material from the "Jazz (disambiguation)" article on the Transformers wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







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