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Dr Who

Up to date as of January 31, 2010
(Redirected to Japan article)

From TARDIS Index File, the free Doctor Who reference.

Japan is an island nation off the coast of east Asia.

Among the guises employed by Chancellor Goth during his battle with the Doctor in the Matrix was that of a Japanese samurai. (DW: The Deadly Assassin)

The Doctor, Rose Tyler and Jack Harkness visited Japan in 1336. (DW: Bad Wolf)

The Doctor and Chris Cwej visited Japan in 1560. (NA: The Room With No Doors)

The Master had the TARDIS take the Doctor and Izzy Sinclair to Japan in early 17th Century, during an isolationist period, to witness the chaos being caused by the alien "Gaijin". (DWM: The Road to Hell)

The Doctor witnessed the Earth's fury at the Japanese island of Okushiri in 1720. (MA: The English Way of Death)

During the Year That Never Was, the Master destroyed Japan, watching the islands and its cities and inhabitants burn. (DW: Last of the Time Lords) Martha escaped Japan and made her way towards Europe. (NSA: The Story of Martha)

According to Ianto Jones, Japan was one of the first countries the Daleks landed during the War in the Medusa Cascade. (DW: The Stolen Earth)

Due to the destabilisation of the Myloki conflict of 2066-8, Japan invaded New Zealand; by 2096 Tokyo was an independent city-state. (PDA: The Indestructible Man)

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This article uses material from the "Japan" article on the Dr Who wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Memory-beta

Up to date as of February 02, 2010
(Redirected to Japan article)

Memory Beta, the wiki for licensed Star Trek content.

Japan was a nation on Earth, just off the east coast of Asia. It is composed of four major islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku, and many smaller islands, with its capital in the city of Tokyo.

Hoshi Sato was a native of Japan. (ENT episode: "In a Mirror, Darkly")

Shimizu Hana, mother of Hikaru Sulu was from the island of Shikoku. (TLE short story: "Iron and Sacrifice")

Visiting the planet Neolithia in 2267, Hikaru Sulu compared it to the National Park of Kyoto in Japan. (TOS novel: Mission to Horatius)

The primary language of Japan was Japanese. In 2377, Bart Faulwell discovered similarities between the written language of the Ardanan culture and Japanese (as well as Chinese and Andorii). (CoE eBook: Signs from Heaven)

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This article uses material from the "Japan" article on the Memory-beta wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Muppet

Up to date as of February 02, 2010
(Redirected to Japan article)

From Muppet Wiki

One of Bob McGrath's Japanese singles
Squashimi, brave Japanese worm astronaut.
Janice in front of the Japan pavilion at Epcot Center as seen in The Muppets at Walt Disney World.
A giant Kermit display in a Japanese mall, c. 2002

Japan (日本) is an island country located in the Pacific Ocean, off the eastern coast of China. The capital city is Tokyo.

Contents

Geography and Government

Japan is an archipelago that encompasses over 3,000 islands, most of which are mountainous. Archaeological research indicates that people were living on the islands of Japan as early as the upper paleolithic period.

The government of Japan has been a constitutional monarchy since 1937, with an emperor and elected parliament.

Arts and Sciences

Japan is a leading nation in scientific research and the production of innovative technological products. Some of the most important industrial contributions include chemicals, metals, and in particular, robotics. The nation is also making headway in space exploration.

Another scientific achievement was made in 1997, when the wormship Wiggleprise landed on the Moon. Squashimi, a worm from Japan, was one of the first worms to wiggle on the Moon.

In art, the nation is particularly known for its specific styles of comic book art and film animation, known as manga and anime respectively. Japanese music is eclectic, having borrowed instruments, scales and styles from neighboring cultures. Western music, introduced in the late 19th century, now forms an integral part of the culture, and many American talents have become popular idols in Japan. One such example is Bob McGrath, who in 1966, following the cancellation of his series, embarked on a pre-arranged Japanese tour. As McGrath recalled, "Our audience here (in the United States) was mostly people in their 30s, 40s and 50s. In Japan, all the teen-agers watched Mitchee-Millu because it was a great way of learning English. We sang clearly. All the words were printed on the screen. We'd have thousands of teen-agers at every show screaming: 'Bob-O! Bob-O!'"[1]

The Muppets and Japan

As with Western culture in general, the Muppets have often engaged in an open exchange with Japan, perhaps best exemplified by the nation's economic and cultural embrace of Sesame Street. The most high-profile example was Big Bird and Barkley's ambasadorial visit, only slightly hampered by the hyper-organization of Japanese package tours, in Big Bird in Japan, which premiered on the NHK network in the fall of 1988. From 1971 until 2004, the network also aired Sesame Street, with Japanese dubbed portions but retaining a substantial amount of the original dialogue, as an aid to learning English. This was succeeded by the somewhat controversial, fully Japanese co-production of the series, which launched on TV Tokyo in October, 2004. In the states, meanwhile, multiple Season 3 inserts portrayed an American view of Japanese folklore, through three fables told by an oral storyteller, tales of an ancient Japan whose royal family (including the Emperor, his young son, and a princess) are plagued by the schemes of an evil prime minister.

Various stage shows have toured the nation, such as the Sesame Street Live show Everyone Makes Music (2005), and both Tokyo Sesame Place and Osaka's Universal Studios Japan feature Sesame-based attractions, including Sesame Street 4-D Movie Magic, which ran an ad campaign on Kyoto's subway cars. The character were featured in the Tokyo's subway systems' Metro Manners campaign.

Not to be outdone by their pedagogical brethren, The Muppet Show cast presented a salute to Japan in episode 505, highlighted by a "Japanese Square Dance" by James Coburn, Animal, a group of cowboys and The Japanese Tai-Chi, Karate, and Chowder Society. Previously in episode 317, Fozzie assisted a group of Samurai Mutations for the musical number, "Yokahama." In 1990, Janice dressed as a Japanese geisha during a song montage from The Muppets at Walt Disney World in Epcot's Pavilions in the World Showcase. Apart from The Swedish Chef's assault on a Japanese Cake, the cultural exchange between Japan and the Muppets has generally been mutually beneficial.

The first three seasons of the Muppet Babies animated series was animated overseas in Japan by Toei Animation.

Sources

  1. Miller, Melinda. "Bob McGrath's Life Beyond Sesame Street." The Buffalo News, April 23, 1997.
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This article uses material from the "Japan" article on the Muppet wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Halo

Up to date as of February 08, 2010

From Halopedia, the Halo Wiki

4.00
(2 votes)
There is more information available on this subject at Japanese on the English-language Wikipedia.
Japanese is used to illustrate sound effects.

Japanese (日本語, Nihongo) is the official language of Japan, and is spoken by Japanese emigrant communities. Notable speakers in the twenty-sixth century include Aki Hikowa[1] and Nicole-458.[2]

References

  1. Halo: The Fall of Reach, page 196: Lieutenant Hikowa cursed quietly in Japanese.
  2. Dead or Alive 4, in-game dialog.

This article uses material from the "Japanese" article on the Halo wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Lostpedia

Up to date as of February 07, 2010
(Redirected to Character languages article)

From Lostpedia

"Languages" redirects here. If you are looking for other languages of Lostpedia, please see Lostpedia:Languages.

Every character on Lost speaks some form or variant of a language. The predominant language spoken on the original broadcasts of the show is American English, though variants of this language, as well as entirely different languages are used, often with English subtitles. Every main character on the show speaks at least some English. Several characters can speak up to four other languages on the show besides English (Naomi, Mikhail and Danielle).

Contents

Characters and languages

Below is a list of important characters who speak languages other than English.

Character Languages

Ana Lucia Cortez
English, Spanish
Ana Lucia primarily speaks English. She also speaks Spanish fluently, as shown in a conversation with her mother. ("Collision") It is unknown which is her native language.

Benjamin Linus
English, Turkish, Arabic, Latin
Ben primarily speaks English. However, he was also shown to speak Turkish when he was confronted by two Bedouins, and also speaks Arabic. ("The Shape of Things to Come") It is possible that Ben can speak fluent Latin, as we know from Juliet that all Others must speak this language. ("Jughead")

Charles Widmore
English, Latin
While Widmore almost exclusively speaks English, he was shown to be fluent in Latin, which is the secret language of the Others. ("Jughead")

Charlotte Lewis
English, Korean, French
Charlotte primarily speaks English. However, she has been shown to read in several different languages, including French ("Confirmed Dead"), and also speaks Korean, as shown when confronted by Jin. ("Something Nice Back Home")

Danielle Rousseau
English, French, Italian, German, Spanish
Rousseau was first heard speaking French over a distress signal ("Pilot, Part 2"), and it is presumed to be her native language. She was also shown to know several other languages when questioning Sayid. ("Solitary") However, she also speaks English fluently, and uses it to communicate with the other survivors regularly.

Dogen
English, Japanese
Dogen is an Other in a position of authority at the Temple who speaks Japanese, which is translated to English by Lennon. While he can speak English, he does not like the way it "tastes on [his] tongue."

Mr. Eko
English, Yoruba
Though he generally uses English, even while talking with other Nigerians, Eko also speaks another of Nigeria's major languages. This is most likely Yoruba, as "Eko" and his brother's name "Yemi" are both names from traditional Yoruba. ("The 23rd Psalm")

Hugo "Hurley" Reyes
English, Spanish
Though he prominently speaks English, Hurley has also been shown to know Spanish, as he is the original owner of the Spanish comic book, and understands what Naomi says when she arrives on the Island. ("The Brig") He is also born to a Hispanic family living in the US.

Ilana
English, Russian, Latin (possibly)
Even though she primarily uses English, Ilana was able to understand communicate with a nurse and Jacob. ("The Incident, Parts 1 & 2") Also she at least understands Latin, as she understood what Richard answered to her question "What lies in the shadow of the statue?". ("The Incident, Parts 1 & 2")

Jacob
English, Russian, Korean, Greek (possibly)
Though Jacob speaks English as his primary language, he fluently spoke Russian while visiting Ilana in the hospital and spoke Korean to Sun and Jin at their wedding, even being commented by Jin that he speaks excellent Korean. He also has the ability to (at the very least) read and write Greek as evidenced by his work on the tapestry in his quarters in the statue.("The Incident, Parts 1 & 2")

Jin-Soo Kwon
Korean, English
Jin's primary language was Korean, as he had grown up and lived in Korea all his life, never having the need to speak another language. This caused a language barrier between him and other English speakers on the island. After his wife revealed that she could speak English ("...In Translation"), he was initially enraged, but finally accepted the fact, and allowed her to begin to teach him. ("Exodus, Part 2") His ability to speak English quickly developed, and by three years later, he was a fluent speaker. ("LaFleur")

Juliet Burke
English, Latin
Juliet's primary language is English, though she spoke Latin in "Jughead" when revealing Jones and Cunningham as Others. ("Jughead")

Lennon
English, Japanese
Lennon is an Other in a position of authority at the Temple who translates Dogen's Japanese.

Mikhail Bakunin
English, Portuguese, Russian, Latin (possibly)
Mikhail generally speaks English, and uses this to communicate which his fellow Others and the survivors. However, he has also used Russian to speak with Beatrice Klugh so that the survivors would not understand their exchange. ("Enter 77") He also was able to translate Naomi's Portuguese, though he intentionally did so incorrectly. ("D.O.C.") Mikhail is Ukrainian, so it is possible that he also knows Ukrainian.("Enter 77") It is very possible that Mikhail can also speak Latin, as all Others should know this language. ("Jughead")

Nadia
Arabic, English
Nadia's native language is presumably Arabic, as she was shown living in Iraq and speaking the language. ("Solitary") However, she was also seen in America on multiple occasions, speaking English fluently.

Naomi Dorrit
English, Portuguese, Chinese, Spanish
Naomi's primary language is English, and she uses it to communicate with the survivors. However, she also seen speaking in several different languages, such as Portuguese, Chinese, and Spanish. ("D.O.C.")

Mr. Paik
Korean
Mr. Paik's native language is Korean. He has never been shown to speak any other languages. ("The Moth")

Richard Alpert
English, Latin
Richard primarily speaks English, though he has shown that he speaks Latin, possibly as it is the Others' secret language, when replying to Ilana's question "What lies in the shadow of the Statue?". ("The Incident, Parts 1 & 2")

Sayid Jarrah
English, Arabic, German, Spanish
Sayid's native language is presumably Arabic, as he was shown living in Iraq and speaking the language. ("Solitary") However, he also speaks perfect English, and uses this primarily on the island. He also speaks a little German as seen as his meeting with Elsa in a cafe. ("The Economist") He can also speak Spanish as he spoke it while working on the Build our Planet project in Santo Domingo. ("The Life and Death of Jeremy Bentham")

Shannon Rutherford
English, French
Shannon primarily speaks English. She also learned some French, and was called upon the island to use it in order to decipher the distress signal sent out by Danielle Rousseau. ("Pilot, Part 2")

Sun-Hwa Kwon
English, Korean
Sun's native language is Korean. Throughout most of her life she spoke no other language. However, she soon started learning English under the tutelage of Jae Lee ("The Whole Truth"), and eventually became very fluent. However, she kept this a secret from Jin. Several weeks after crashing on the island, Sun revealed to everyone the fact that she spoke English ("...In Translation"), and then began using it almost exclusively, except with Jin, whom she began teaching English after his anger for her betrayal had subsided. ("Exodus, Part 2")


Accents

Michael recognizes Naomi's accent ("Meet Kevin Johnson")

Many characters have distinctive accents when speaking English, showing their countries of origin. Charlie speaks with an English accent, and is able to tell that Naomi hails from Manchester as well, judging from her Northern accent. ("Greatest Hits") Michael is able to discern this fact about Naomi as well, presumably judging from his time spent with Charlie. ("Meet Kevin Johnson") Widmore and some members of the Hostiles also use British accent while speaking. ("The Lie")  ("Jughead") Desmond uses a clear Scottish accent, an accent also used by many of his flashback characters. Desmond's ex-fiancee Ruth speaks with a slight Irish accent.

Gault's accent is Australian ("Ji Yeon")

Sawyer speaks English with a distinctive Southern accent (having hailed from Alabama). This is easily discernable by his fellow survivors, and sometimes draws insults from other survivors ("redneck man", "hillbilly").

Several characters speak English with a clear Australian accent. Claire is perhaps the most obvious of these, along with her family and most of her flashback characters, including Carole Littleton, Richard Malkin, and Lindsey. Captain Gault and Hendricks from the Kahana also speak with an Australian accent. Most Australian characters feature a New South Wales variation of Australian accents.

Several other characters speak with accents on the show. Jin and Sun speak English with a slight Korean accent, while Danielle Rousseau, as well as Robert and Montand, speak English with a French accent. Eko speaks with a deep, Nigerian timbre, and his brother Yemi speaks English similarly. Frank Lapidus speaks with a Yankee accent. Most other characters speak English with an American accent.

Language barriers

Ben struggles to be understood by the Bedouins ("The Shape of Things to Come")

Language barriers have caused some issues between characters of the show, because they are unable to understand one another. The most notable victim of a language barrier was Jin, because he was unable to speak English while his fellow castaways were. Sun had pretended to be unable to speak English, but was later revealed to be able to. ("...In Translation") Jin later began overcoming this barrier with the help of Sun. ("Exodus, Part 2") By three years later, Jin was perfectly fluent in English. ("LaFleur")

Another, more minor, language barrier existed between Ben and the Bedouins after he turned the frozen wheel and ended up in the Sahara desert. While being held at gunpoint, Ben tried to speak English with the two of them, and they appeared to not understand. Ben then began speaking Turkish, asking them wether they knew Turkish (tr: Türkçe biliyor musunuz?). After incapacitating both of them, Ben learned that one did speak at least partial English (Surrender!). He sarcastically noted this, and then knocked out the Bedouin with the butt of his gun. ("The Shape of Things to Come")

Hiding a language

Kate learns that Sun speaks English. ("Hearts and Minds")

Another minor recurring theme is a character keeping a language secret. The most notable occurrence was Sun's knowledge of English. She kept this a secret from her husband and the other survivors. She couldn't live with the same language barrier her husband lived with and finally opened up to Michael, whilst trying to defend her husband.("House of the Rising Sun") After a short period, she unwillingly had to admit the truth to Kate, after it became clear she had understood a comment by Kate in English.("Hearts and Minds")
Her final act was revealing it to everybody at the beach, in order to keep her husband and Michael from fighting. ("...In Translation") Jin at first thought of this as a betrayal, but eventually accepted it as an advantage over his barrier. He used her as translator and as an English teacher.

Charlotte is confronted by Jin, revealing that she speaks Korean. ("Something Nice Back Home")

Another minor occurrence was Charlotte's knowledge of Korean. She reacted in a way that made Jin suspicious that she may understand his and Sun's conversation, while journeying to and at the Staff. He finally confronted her, revealing that he saw through her, and demanded a safe place on the Kahana for Sun.("Something Nice Back Home") Jin later used Charlotte as a translator, when trying to communicate with Sawyer's group during the time flashes. ("This Place Is Death")

Secret languages

Cunningham and Juliet talk in Latin. ("Jughead")

The Others' have been shown to use multiple secret languages, most notably Latin. The first mentioning of this was when Cunningham and Jones were held hostages by Locke, Sawyer and Juliet, who used to communicate so their captors won't understand them, though they were understood Juliet, who being a former Other spoke the language and successfully revealed them as Others. Juliet later explained that the reason the Others speak Latin is because they consider it "the language of the enlightened". ("Jughead") Richard Alpert was also shown to speak it, when answering to Ilana's question "What lies in the shadow of the Statue?". ("The Incident, Parts 1 & 2")
Beside Latin, the Others have also used Russian to communicate among themselves. It was used by Beatrice Klugh and Mikhail Bakunin when they were captured by Sayid, Locke and Kate at the Flame, Bea used it to ask Mikhail to shoot her, something that he hesitantly does. ("Enter 77") Dogan used Japanese to speak with Lennon even though he spoke and understood English perfectly. Though he claims that he doesn't speak it because he doesn't like the language, his usage of Japanese had the same role as the Others' previous uses of Latin and Russian, as only he and Lennon understood what Dogan said. ("LA X, Parts 1 & 2")

Charlotte and her French translator in Medenine. ("Confirmed Dead")

Translators

Many of the characters on the show have worked as translators for others, thus helping them overcome their language barrier. Some such as Charlotte's French translator worked as professional translators. The most prominent example are the people that translated English to Jin and Jin's Korean for others. This role primarily belonged to Sun, though after her departure from the Island ("There's No Place Like Home, Parts 2 & 3"), Jin used Charlotte as his translator revealing to the rest of the survivors that she spoke Korean. ("This Place Is Death") Another prominent example includes the survivors using Shannon to translate Rousseau's distress call and later Shannon helping Sayid translate Rousseau's maps and notes. ("Pilot, Part 2")  ("Whatever the Case May Be")

Shannon listening to Rousseau's signal. ("Pilot, Part 2")

Other examples include Charlotte's above-mentioned French translator, though as it was confirmed that Charlotte at least understood the language, it is possible she only served as a translator to French but not the other way around. ("Confirmed Dead") A more recent occurrence of character being present for translating is Lennon, an Other who was used by Dogen to translate his Japanese to Jack, Hurley, Jin and Kate, though he didn't translate English back to Dogen, who later revealed that he actually spoke the language though didn't like using it. ("LA X, Parts 1 & 2")


This article uses material from the "Character languages" article on the Lostpedia wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Recipes

Up to date as of February 02, 2010

This article uses material from the "Japanese" article on the Recipes wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

ST Expanded

Up to date as of February 07, 2010
(Redirected to Japan article)

The Star Trek Expanded Universe Database is for fanon and related content. See Memory-Alpha.org for the canon Star Trek wiki.

Japan is a multi-island nation-state off the east coast of the Asian continent on Earth. People or things from Japan are described as Japanese. Tokyo is the capital of Japan.

The USS Nagoya was named after the Japanese city of Nagoya, while the USS Hiroshima was named for the Japanese city of Hiroshima. (TOSS; Starfleet Command (RPG))

The Sato Institute of Linguistics was located in Tokyo. In 2367, Janíce Kerasus was teaching linguistics there. (Star Trek: Daedalus; SCE eBook: War Stories)

In 1941, the Japanese entered World War II by attacking Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in the United States of America, prompting the latter's entry into the war a day later. (TNG: "The Enemy"; DS9: "Far Beyond The Stars") The Japanese were a part of the Axis, along with Germany and Italy, and their aviators were known for their kamikaze suicide air attacks on Allied forces. The Axis lost the war in 1945, with Japan surrendering days after the US dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Contents

People

Enterprise (NX-01) linguist Hoshi Sato was born in Kyoto, Japan on 9 July, 2129. (ENT: "Exile")

Kaito Lee Clarkson was born in 2134 in Tokyo. (Star Trek: Pioneer (PNR))

In 2358, Aly Mathias was born in New Tokyo, Japan. (Starship Independence)

USS Excelsior commanding officer Hikaru Sulu was of Japanese descent, as were USS Enterprise-D personnel Keiko O'Brien and Alyssa Ogawa. (TOS; TNG) USS Destiny chief engineer Ray Nagata was also of Japanese decent. (Star Trek: Destiny)

Food and drink

Japanese was a variety of green tea.

Ramen were a Japanese dish of noodles served in broth that USS Mumbai personnel Root and Wheel were fond of. (TOSS # 17: "Late-Night Ramen", # 18: "The Ends of the Earth")

Locations

External links


This article uses material from the "Japan" article on the ST Expanded wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







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