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Marvel Database

Up to date as of February 09, 2010
(Redirected to Carl Walker (Earth-616) article)

From Marvel Database

Character Template Help
Real Name
Carl Walker (legally changed from Clayton Wilson)
Current Alias

Aliases
Deadly Force, Clay, Taylor, Ultimate Weapon, Ultimate Defense, Iron Man

Identity

Alignment

Affiliation
US Government, Stark Industries; former Justin Hammer

Relatives
Unnamed family

Universe

Characteristics
Gender

Height
6' 1"
6'3" (armored)

Weight
185 lbs (84 kg)
280 lbs (armored)

Eyes

Hair

Status
Citizenship

Marital Status

Occupation
DARPA employee; former teaching assistant

Education
graduate student; bachelor's of science in Physics

Origin
Origin
Former criminal using a suit of armor to aid in his escapades.

First appearance

Sub-Mariner #66
(October, 1973)

Contents

History

Clay Wilson was an inventor. While teaching at a university, he began experimenting with forcefields. A lack of money and an offer from Justin Hammer turned him to a life of crime. With Hammer's backing, he was able to build the Force armor. He battled Namor and Iron Man on a few occasions. Eventually, he grew tired of his criminal lifestyle and decided to turn himself in.

Justin Hammer was afraid that Wilson might implicate him. Assassins were sent and a bomb was rigged inside Force's armor. Iron Man successfully disabled the bomb.

Clay's death was faked and he was pardoned for his crimes as Force. Under a new identity, Carl Walker, he began working as an employee of Barstow Electronics. Clay freely gave up his armor for Iron Man to study. Stark learned that the designs incorporated his own technology and angrily confronted Walker. Walker confirmed that Hammer had given him the designs, leading to the Armor Wars.

Walker later donned the Iron Man armor to assist Stark against the Fixer.

Along with Happy Hogan, Eddie March, Mike O'Brien and Bethany Cabe, Force was asked by War Machine to help him battle Ultimo using refurbished Iron Man armors. Carl was forced to abandon the fight when the Iron Man Armor MK V he was wearing began to melt.

Years later Barstow was commissioned to work for a Pentagon contract. Background checks revealed Walker's past, and he was blackmailed into working on appropriated Stark Armors. Walker was also falsely told that Stark had "outed" him as part of his appointment as Secretary of Defense. Stark explained he was not responsible, and the two defeated Vitriol. Walker worked with Stark on his plan to outfit US armed forces with Iron Man technology, including combat training with a cavalry unit. It is unknown if Wilson has continued to work with the military.

Powers and Abilities

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Powers

Force in his current armor
No self-attributable powers. Walker uses the Force armor. The armor uses powerful forcefields and force beams, as well as generating an EMP. While the original version was given to Stark, Walker built a new version and has used it on occasion recently.

Abilities

Walker is an accomplished inventor with skill in electronics and engineering. He also has some martial arts skill.

Paraphernalia

Equipment

Force Armor

Notes

  • Pardoned from his crimes as Force, identity changed to protect himself and his family from Justin Hammer, and his identity is known to some government officials.

Links

Discover and Discuss


This article uses material from the "Carl Walker (Earth-616)" article on the Marvel Database wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Starwars

Up to date as of February 04, 2010
(Redirected to The Force article)

From Wookieepedia, the Star Wars wiki.

Galen Marek using the Force to bring down a Star Destroyer.
"The Force is what gives a Jedi his power. It's an energy field created by all living things. It surrounds us, penetrates us, and binds the galaxy together."
Obi-Wan Kenobi(audio)Listen (file info)

The Force was a metaphysical, binding, and ubiquitous power that held enormous importance for both the Jedi and Sith monastic orders. The Force was viewed in many different aspects, including, but not limited to, the light side, the dark side, the Unifying Force, and the Living Force. The first two aspects were concerned with the moral compass of the Force in its various manifestations. The light side of the Force was the facet aligned with compassion, courage, healing, and benevolence, while the dark side of the Force was the element aligned with hatred, fear, aggression, and malevolence. The latter two aspects were defined by prominent Jedi philosophies: The Unifying Force essentially embraced space and time in its entirety while the Living Force dealt with the energy of living things. Though the Force was categorized in this way, there were no specific abilities or powers that were only usable by a follower of a different path of the Force; the Force partially existed inside the life forms that used it, and drew energy from their emotions.

Some beings, particularly the Sith, believed that the dark side of the Force was more powerful than the light, though it was possible that the dark side was just more tempting to those who used it (or desired to use it). Others thought of the Force as an entity capable of intelligent thought, almost as a sort of god. Anakin Skywalker, who was believed to have been conceived by the Force itself, may have; if this belief is correct; lent credit towards the view of the Force as a sentient entity.

Though the Force was thought to flow through every living thing, it could only be harnessed by beings described as "Force-sensitive". This Force-sensitivity was correlated with, and sometimes attributed to, a high count of internal micro-organisms called midi-chlorians that were found in a Force-sensitive's blood: the higher the count, the greater the being's potential Force ability, though there were some exceptions to this rule. Force-sensitive beings were able to tap into the Force to perform acts of great skill and agility as well as control and shape the world around them. Sometimes this ability was described as having a strong Force "aura".

Contents

The Living Force

Main article: Living Force
"The ways of the Living Force are beyond our understanding... But fear not. You are in the hands of something much greater and much better than you can imagine."
Qui-Gon Jinn
A Jedi guided by a Force ghost.

The Living Force was a view on the Force, accepted by the majority of Jedi throughout ages. The Living Force was thought to be present in most living beings, surrounding and penetrating them, thus making all living things connected by it. The Jedi believing in the Living Force relied on their instincts and were attuned to other living beings around them. They were mindful of the future and the possible consequences of their actions, but remained focused on the present. The Living Force was viewed as having both the light and the dark side. The Jedi always had to be mindful of their actions to avoid the temptations of the dark side. Through following the Living Force, several Jedi were able to retain their identities after their physical death, becoming one with the Force and able to manifest themselves as Force ghosts. Proponents of the Living Force view, such as Qui-Gon Jinn, espoused a philosophy of "living in the moment," relied heavily on their instincts and concentrated more on sensitivity to living things, rather than fulfilling destiny, which was one of the main tenets of the Unifying Force philosophy.[1]

The light side of the Force

"A Jedi uses the Force for knowledge and defense. Never for attack."
―Yoda
A Padawan classroom

The light side of the Force was concerned with the ideals of good, benevolence, and healing. Followers of the light side strove to live in harmony with the world around them, acting out of wisdom and logic rather than anger and hasty judgment. In order to achieve harmony with the light side of the Force, its practitioners would often meditate to clear themselves of emotion; particularly negative emotions such as aggression, fear, anger, and hatred, since these were thought to bring on acceptance of the dark side.[1]

The Jedi Order

Main article: Jedi Order

The largest group of proponents and teachers of the light side was the Jedi Order, who strove to maintain peace and justice throughout the galaxy. The values of the light side were culminated in the Jedi Code. The Jedi accepted the view on the two sides of the Force: the dark side and the light side. A follower of the light side tried to live in harmony with those around him. Mutual trust, respect, and the ability to form alliances gave the Jedi their distinct advantage over the Sith. In contrast, a follower of the dark side uses the dark side of the force, usually for himself. Use of the dark side of the Force was forbidden within the Jedi Order, and was strictly considered the domain of the Sith.

Traditional Jedi were keen to keep the Force "in balance". They attempted to achieve this by destroying the Sith and denying the dark side—essentially "keeping balance" by restoring the Force to its natural state, as they viewed the dark side as "corruption". This involved the purging of negative emotions such as aggression, anger, and hatred, since they could easily bring on acceptance of the dark side. In contrast, positive emotions such as compassion and courage nurtured the light side of the Force. The Jedi Code compared such feelings and provided insight into the ethical use of the Force.

Passion was considered dangerous, as it could lead to strong emotions that could unbalance the Jedi and lead them to the Dark Side. Love was, curiously enough, seen as something both Jedi and Sith avoided. While the Jedi espoused a broad, all-encompassing, self-sacrificing love for all beings, love for another being—romance, a possessive love by nature—was shunned in post-Ruusan order. Possession of all types was also shunned in the post-Ruusan Reformation era Jedi Order, the only exceptions being a Jedi's lightsaber and clothes. The Jedi viewed love as a danger best left untouched. While the passion that came with love could lead to hatred and anger—as Anakin Skywalker demonstrated in becoming a Sith because of his love for Padmé Amidala; it could also lead to pity, mercy, self-sacrifice and compassion, emotions the Sith did not see as beneficial, as demonstrated by Darth Vader in sacrificing himself to save his son from the Emperor at the end of his life, thus bringing balance to the Force.

The dark side of the Force

Main article: Dark side of the Force
"The strength of the dark side lies with the power of the individual. The Force comes from within. You must learn to draw on it yourself. I will not always be there to teach you."
Darth Bane to his apprentice
Force lightning, one of the most powerful and iconic dark side powers.

The dark side of the Force was considered by the Jedi to be the element aligned with fear, hatred, aggression, and malice toward all living things. Such emotions seemed to increase the strength and abilities of a user of the dark side, providing a path towards personal power and the destruction or control of all opposition. It was generally accepted that use of the dark side of the Force was extremely addictive. Dark side Jedi were known as Dark Jedi. Some light Jedi, such as Jaden Korr, could use dark side powers.

The Sith Order

Main article: Sith
"The lure to the dark side is strong, Rosh resisted it and you can too!"
Kyle Katarn to Jaden Korr

The Dark Lord Darth Bane considered the Force to be finite and thus ideally for exclusive use by the Dark Lord. He eliminated the practice of having vast numbers of Sith at the same time, thereby aiming to concentrate the dark side of the Force into two individuals: a Sith Master and his or her apprentice. This tradition, or "Rule of Two," later underwent a small reformation by Dark Lady Lumiya, following the deaths of Darth Sidious and Darth Vader (the Sith Lords at the time) in 4 ABY. The Rule of Two was later rejected by Darth Krayt, who instituted the Rule of One, using "One" to refer to the Sith Order itself and encompassing many minions, acolytes/adepts and lords, led by only one Dark Lord of the Sith (or Dread Lord). Darth Krayt believed he gave the Sith and their power a purpose, unlike Darth Bane, who believed that power was its own purpose. The Rule of One called for cooperation and even some level of loyalty between the Sith. However, the Rule of One did not represent the Sith as a whole, and Krayt was even labeled a heretic by the holocrons of Darth Bane, Darth Nihilus and Darth Andeddu.

The Unifying Force

Main article: Unifying Force
"The reality is that there is only the Force. It is above such petty concepts as positive and negative, black and white, good and evil."
Darth Sidious

The concept of the Unifying Force found less supporters within the Jedi Order than the Living Force. The concept of the Unifying Force was that the Force is a single entity and has neither a light nor the dark side. The Unifying Force was viewed as a deity that neither had sides nor chose them, treating all beings equally. Followers of the Unifying Force always kept their eyes for future possibilities. In the end, it resulted in them trying to fulfill a destiny rather than focusing on here and now, as the Living Force supporter would do.[1]

Visions of the future were of particular significance to Unifying Force supporters, such as Yoda, who was one of the most adamant proponents of this belief. Many other Jedi were followers of the Unifying Force, and focused on the flow of time as a whole, ignoring primary use of the Living Force. Voices for the latter espoused a philosophy of "live for the moment" and heavily relied on their instincts. This viewpoint might have allowed the Jedi Order to stave off the conflict that gave rise to the Galactic Empire, as its members lost themselves in looking forward rather than analyzing the unfolding events before them.

Ironically for those Jedi, Emperor Palpatine, also known as Darth Sidious, also supported this belief. He claimed that there was only one Force: the only difference worthy of note was that the Sith saw the Force as a means to an end while the Jedi saw it as an end in itself. This view was also supported by Vergere, who taught Jacen Solo that there was no light side or dark side of the Force—only the Unifying Force. Vergere also told Solo, "the Force was everything, and everything was the Force"; that the Force did not have sides and never took sides.

Potentium belief

Main article: Potentium
Adherents of the Potentium were less discriminating about the friends they chose because they believed the actions of all would inevitably lead to good.

The Potentium view of the Force, not to be confused with the Unifying Force, was strictly disapproved by the old Jedi Order. While, similar to the Unifying Force, it suggested that there was only one Force that did not take sides, the Potentium stated that the Force and the galaxy in general were inherently good. According to this belief, the so-called dark side was not made up of specific "parts" or "abilities" of the Force, but instead-just like the light side-existed inside of the life form which used it, made from their emotions. By that standard, all Potentium followers could perform any action and use the Force in any way they saw fit, as long as the intention behind it was good. This view briefly gained greater acceptance within the New Jedi Order, mostly due to the influences of Vergere, a surviving Jedi from the days of the Old Republic. In these days Luke Skywalker said that, "the Force doesn't flow from us, but through us", which strongly suggested that it was the Force that created life and not the other way around. However, the Jedi abandoned this belief after the Swarm War. In contrast, the Old Jedi Order acknowledged the existence of Potentium, but made it clear that it was subverting of the Jedi teaching and a way to misguide people to the dark side, or a means to serve it.[1] The latter was clearly the case with Vergere and Darth Caedus. The living planet Zonama Sekot supported the Potentium theory of the Force as well.

Alternate views on the Force

Way of the Dark

Main article: Way of the Dark
"I have been trying to create. To build, when I should have destroyed. I abandoned the Way of the Dark, and the Dark abandoned me."
Cronal

The Way of the Dark, or simply the Dark, was a view of the Force taken up by Cronal and those that taught him. It was effectively the polar opposite of the Potentium, but taken a step further. This Way of the Dark belief did not just deny the existence of the Light side of the Force; it stated that the Force itself was simply a small extension of the Dark. This system stated that destruction was the universal constant that all things worked towards, going so far as to call it the "will of the universe". An initiate was taught that if one made destruction his primary goal, with whatever scheme he was taking part in being a secondary objective, then the Dark would effectively reward the initiate for the devastation caused by pushing the secondary objective to success.[2]

As a prime example of this, Cronal cited that Palpatine was able to achieve success against the Jedi and the Republic because his primary motive was the destruction of both parties. However, once he had achieved these goals and set about consolidating his rule and building the Empire, his focus shifted from destruction to creation, in total opposition to universal processes. Thus when before he could not fail, now he could never succeed.[2]

The insidious Force

The Force bestowed upon its users a symbiotic relationship with the environment.

Darth Traya, a female Sith living during the Old Sith Wars, believed the Force to be akin to some sort of deceptively sinister, indifferent god. She pointed to the numerous wars fought by countless Force users, as proof that the Force cared nothing for the lives it consumed, so long as balance was achieved. This philosophy emphasized the belief that neither the light nor the dark side was truly superior to the other, and that if people were to be truly free, the Force had to be eliminated from the galaxy. This was generally a very unpopular theory with both the Sith and the Jedi, and this practice practically disappeared entirely with Traya's death.

Aing-Tii beliefs

Main article: Aing-Tii

The Aing-Tii monks from the Kathol Rift viewed the Force in a way different, but similar to the view of the Jedi. Instead of the dark and the light sides of the Force, they viewed it as having many colors, much like a rainbow. They believed that the Force could manifest itself in different ways, which allowed to develop unique abilities, unknown to most of the Jedi and the Sith. According to their beliefs, Force-users were not strictly good or evil, but instead had their place in a larger spectrum.[1]

White Current

Main article: White Current

The Fallanassi called the Force the White Current and saw it like the river flowing through the galaxy and all living beings. A single person could not alter the current any more than a being could divert a river with one hand. Thus, the Falanassi immersed themselves in the Current, letting it flow through them. This way they managed to shape its flow without imposing their will on it, which also opened them a way for unique Force abilities.[1]

Sorcerers of Tund

Main article: Sorcerers of Tund

The Sorcerers of Tund shared most of the Sith beliefs, which was not surprising, given the fact that they were of the Sith species. However, they viewed the force as the magical power and manipulated it mostly by arcane symbols and spells. The Jedi viewed the sorcerers as merely another Force sect, but would often try to "convert" the Sorcerers, attempting to convince them to use the Force without any of their trappings of magic and mysticism. However, they were unsuccessful, and eventually the Jedi contented themselves with making sure the Sorcerers did not descend into the dark side.

Force abilities

Main article: Force powers
"Don't be too proud of this technological terror you've constructed. The ability to destroy a planet is insignificant next to the power of the Force."
Darth Vader referring to the Death Star

Manifestations of the Force, which were mentally-based abilities and tapped through the practitioner's willpower, could take all forms, and included telepathy, psychokinesis, and enhanced physical and metaphysical perception. The Force could be used to bend the will of weak-minded beings and guide an adept's body. Users who were very good at using the Force could cease merely reacting to their surroundings and actually predict events in the very near future, such as the next blow in a duel. Guidance like this enabled Luke Skywalker to launch a proton torpedo into an extremely difficult target on the Death Star in the Battle of Yavin. The Force can also be used to sedate. Qui-Gon Jinn use this power on Jar Jar Binks when traveling the dangerous underwater path to Theed. Qui-Gon placed a hand on Jar-Jar's shoulder and asked him to relax causing the Gungan to almost lose consciousness. Obi-wan, observing the extreme change in Jar Jar's behavior, told Jinn, his master, "You overdid it."

Qui-Gon Jinn uses the Force to destroy Trade Federation battle droids.

In addition to enhancing their own skill, Force users were capable of channeling the energy of The Force directly into the world around them. The Sith were infamous for making heavy use of this ability to conjure Force-lightning, or Force-choke enemies by constricting their windpipes. The Jedi preferred to use their abilities to heal and protect; closing wounds and shielding others with barriers of Force energy. Jedi Master Qui-Gon Jinn discovered that Jedi could achieve near-immortality through the Force by existing as a Force ghost after death.1

Some Force users even learned how to transfer their spirit into another body. Palpatine used this technique in order to prolong his life, and evidence suggests the legendary Dark Jedi Set Harth, who fell to the dark side in the aftermath of the New Sith Wars, used this power to leapfrog his essence between hundreds of clone bodies, lingering in the physical realm up until the Yuuzhan Vong invasion and beyond. Later Callista Ming transferred herself to the body of a dying friend so that she could stay alive. Callista, unlike Harth and Palpatine, lost her ability to touch the Force in the process of transference.

Others, such as Darth Nihilus and the Jedi Exile, could use the Force to feed off other Force users. Nihilus' power could encompass entire planets and drain them of life, like the Miraluka colony world of Katarr. Some dark side users could use a different and weaker form of this technique to drain the strength of others into themselves, occasionally to fatal results. Darth Nihilus' ability to do this originated from a "Wound in the Force", which is essentially a rip in the fabric of the Force itself.

Palpatine mentioned that the Force could help one cheat death, or create life, a secret mastered only by Darth Plagueis. Another Sith Lord, Darth Sion, used a more indirect method to cheat death. As he could call upon his pain to strengthen his will and allow him to rise up again as strong as he was beforehand, he was arguably immortal.

The Force played a major part in the Jedi use of a lightsaber, in that their heightened awareness kept them from accidentally injuring themselves while using the weapon in combat, as the blade had no relative weight, making it difficult to judge its position. Similarly, the Force allowed a Jedi to use his/her lightsaber to deflect incoming blaster bolts. The Force also came into play during the construction of a lightsaber, both in assembling its intricate innards, and the initial charging of the power cell.

Manipulating the Force is not without risks, however. When a person uses the Force beyond their body's ability to sustain it, the individual could suffer physical damage, accelerated aging, or in an extreme case, certain death by burning their own body cells from the inside out. Palpatine, and Dorsk 81 are prime examples of excessive Force usage and the consequences.

Disturbances in the Force

Main articles: Disturbance in the Force and Wound in the Force

"I felt a great disturbance in the Force, as if millions of voices cried out in terror and were suddenly silenced."
―Obi-Wan Kenobi, referring to the destruction of Alderaan

The Force existed in all life, and when great amounts of life passed away, a disturbance was created, running through the Force like a scream that Force-adepts could hear. This was how a "hole" in the Force was created at the battle of Malachor V during the Mandalorian Wars when the Mass Shadow Generator was unleashed. In addition, when the Mandalorians destroyed the cities of Serocco using nuclear weapons. This happened again when Alderaan was destroyed; Obi-Wan Kenobi sensed "a great disturbance in the Force, as if millions of voices cried out in terror and were suddenly silenced.…". The students of the Jedi Praxeum felt a similar disturbance when the Caridan system was destroyed. It was suggested that Yoda could not even stand on Kashyyyk as Order 66 was being executed. It was as if Yoda was being overpowered by the disturbance caused by the many simultaneous Jedi deaths. It is possible that those strong in the Force can have glimpses of what is creating the disturbance, though the severity that the adept would feel would depend on numerous variables, including both their training and their innate connection with The Force. This could explain why Yoda seemed to know what happened when Obi-Wan Kenobi was about to look at the security recordings of the Jedi Temple. However, while they are mostly called "disturbances", they can sometimes be referred as "tremors", as Darth Vader did about Obi-Wan's presence at Death Star I. It is also possible to feel a disturbance left over from a past event, such as when Leia felt a disturbance when she visited the place where Anakin Skywalker slaughtered an entire village of Tusken Raiders.

Unusual Force occurrences in nature

The Rakatan Force-enabled hyperdrives allowed them to travel to hyperspace.

The ysalamiri were a species of tree-dwelling lizard-like creatures that were immune to most effects of the Force. The creatures exuded a "bubble" which "pushes back" Force energy, making them useful tools for individuals (such as Grand Admiral Thrawn) requiring a means to nullify a Jedi's abilities. They originated on the world of Myrkr. It is mentioned that the ysalamir, when put together, create a much more extensive bubble, sometimes expanding a few kilometers outside their native forest. They evolved this trait to survive being hunted by the predatory vornskrs, pack animals that hunted by tracking down live prey using the Force.

A creature with a similar peculiarity was the taozin, a large, gelatinous predator. Though not widely known, at least one of these creatures was alive deep in the undercity of Coruscant approximately ten years before the Clone Wars.[3]

Gurlanins could also 'hide' themselves from the Force, though they could also make themselves detectable in the Force at will if they chose to.

While not immune to the Force, Hutts were highly resistant, having an innate defense against Force-based mind manipulation.

Toydarians, likely due to their genetic relation to Hutts, were immune to mind tricks as well. The Yinchorri and the Dashades were also largely unaffected by Force mental manipulation, and were thus both utilized to varying degrees by the Emperor; the Yinchorri during the period surrounding the Stark Hyperspace War and the Dashadi during the first few years following the Great Jedi Purge.

Additionally, Force-resistant creatures called terentateks were a major threat to the Jedi. Some suspected that they were created by the Sith to hunt down the Jedi. Periodically, the Jedi held a Great Hunt in an attempt to hunt down and destroy all of the terentateks. The monsters appeared to be extremely long-lived and resilient.

Although not natural, voxyn could hunt Jedi and other Force users by noticing their "Force scent."

Hssiss could influence Force-sensitive beings around them. If bitten by an hssiss, one would succumb to the effects of a dark side poison. Hssiss also had the ability to conceal themselves and become invisible, possibly doing so through the Force.

Sith magic was sometimes considered outside of the Force by some of its practitioners, though how much of that is true is unconfirmed.

The Yuuzhan Vong are the only exception to the concept of Force since they are the only known sentient beings in the universe that cannot be sensed or affected directly by the force.

Organized Force traditions

"The Force is a river from which many can drink, and the training of the Jedi is not the only cup which can catch it."
Luke Skywalker

The Jedi and Sith Orders taught the Force as described above, but there were other traditions which instructed different philosophies and uses of the Force, or use of powers similar to the Force.

Behind the scenes

The principles of the Force resonate with those of some real world religions, including the Shinto religion of Japan, Buddhism, and certain Celtic druidic concepts. The Force also bears a close similarity to the Chinese notion of qigong, or "chi", and the splitting of the Force into light side and dark sides echoes the concept of "Yin" and "Yang" in Eastern philosophy (though this is not a perfect translation, as the dark side is considered a force of evil by the Jedi and this moral duality is not the same as the Eastern concept). Along with the concepts of "Yin" and "Yang," the concept of a ubiquitous Force is concurrent to the real world concept of a "Tao" or "Way," which is said to flow everywhere in the universe. The concept of the Force also borrows heavily from Hindu theology, which also expresses a belief in a unifying Brahman energy that composes and is a composite of the Universe (and by extension, God), and can be used for either good or bad. In fact, this is particularly similar to the concept of the Potentium and the Unifying Force in that while the power can be perverted for evil, it ultimately leads only to a conclusion that is good.

A connection could be drawn to Zoroastrianism with the duality of the Force. The dichotomy between Ahura Mazda (the One God) and Angra Mainyu/Ahrima (the evil spirit) is nearly identical to the concept of the light and dark sides of the Force. Another connection can be drawn is spirits; in response to Christian philosophies: Jedi spirits resemble God's angels and/or saints, and dark side Sith spirits (most often of Sith Lords) as souls in purgatory or hell or even perhaps devils themselves.

Another connection that can be made is towards the Hebrew religion and how it treated blood: Blood is the life source of every living creature, and during temple sacrifices, the Hebrews make sure to spill as much blood as possible, to "return" the life force of the animal back to God. This coincides with the whole concept of the Force; the person's strength in the Force is found in the person's blood. Therefore, when Darth Vader lost his limbs and the blood that flew through them, he lost much of his power; from being twice as strong as Palpatine to being only 80% strong, not exactly what Palpatine had bargained for, as he described in his own thoughts in Dark Lord: Rise of Darth Vader

In truth, the Force is an amalgamation of many religions and philosophies, and is intended as a metaphor for spirituality itself. As in real world spirituality, there is the potential for a "light" and a "dark" side in each person as well as the universe at large.

It has also been quoted that George Lucas' study of the works of Carlos Castenda's books which followed Mexican Native American teachings may have help to lead to Yoda's description of the Force as a energy force that emanates from all beings luminous in appearance. Carlos Castenda's studies stated that we are all luminous "eggs" with "lines of power" that stretch from our bodies and connect us to the overlying "force of nature" that exists in our universe according to ancient Native American Shamanistic tradition. Only those trained in the tradition of the correct Native American traditions allow users to "see" the human's true nature as Luminous "eggs" not the "crude matter" we all exist as.

There is some indication that the Force is unique to the galaxy, and not a universal power. This is suggested by Obi-Wan's quote "binds the galaxy together" instead of "universe". This also explains why the Force was already known to several species before the formation of the Jedi, instead of the galaxy possessing a greater diversity of religions. However, Obi Wan's claim is most likely just a turn of phrase, such as when someone says "world" but really means "everything in existence." It has been revealed that the extragalactic Yuuzhan Vong were force immune, although they were Force-wielders once.

The non-canon film Willow, which was the subject of an April Fool's Day 2006 Databank update, presents species which use fantasy magic spells, a power nearly identical to the Force. According to the previously mentioned entries, the planet of Andowyne, which the Databank claims is the world seen in Willow, was the home of the midi-chlorian lifeform.

Despite great controversy regarding the truth of the Force in-universe, the matter was clearly settled in Wizards of the Coast's soucebooks, such as the Power of the Jedi Sourcebook and the Jedi Academy Training Manual, which established that the Jedi Order has the best understanding of the Force among all other Force traditions, and the Jedi way of classifying and viewing the Force is the correct one, as intended by the creators of Star Wars licenses.

Appearances

The Force resides in all life forms and binds the galaxy together, therefore making at least indirect appearance in every Star Wars story. Below is an incomplete list of sources, in which the Force is actually mentioned.

  • Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic
  • Star Wars: Tales of the Jedi
  • Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic II: The Sith Lords
  • Darth Bane: Path of Destruction
  • Darth Bane: Rule of Two
  • Darth Bane: Dynasty of Evil
  • Cloak of Deception
  • Darth Maul: Shadow Hunter
  • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace
  • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Adventures
  • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace junior novelization
  • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace novel
  • Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace video game
  • Star Wars Manga: The Phantom Menace
  • Star Wars Manga: The Return of the Jedi
  • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones
  • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones comics
  • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones junior novelization
  • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones novel
  • Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones video game
  • Star Wars: Clone Wars
  • Star Wars: Battlefront II
  • Star Wars Battlefront: Renegade Squadron
  • "Into the Storm Clouds"
  • Star Wars: The Clone Wars (TV series)
  • Labyrinth of Evil
  • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith
  • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith comics
  • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith novel
  • Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith video game
  • Coruscant Nights I: Jedi Twilight
  • Coruscant Nights II: Street of Shadows
  • Coruscant Nights III: Patterns of Force
  • Star Wars: The Force Unleashed (novel)
  • Star Wars: The Force Unleashed (video game)
  • Star Wars: The Force Unleashed (comic)
  • Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope
  • Star Wars radio drama
  • Star Wars: A New Hope - The Special Edition
  • Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope junior novelization
  • Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope novel
  • Star Wars Manga: A New Hope
  • Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back
  • The Empire Strikes Back radio drama
  • Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back junior novelization
  • Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back novel
  • Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back video game
  • Classic Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back
  • Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi
  • Return of the Jedi radio drama
  • Star Wars: Return of the Jedi comics
  • Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi junior novelization
  • Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi novel
  • Star Wars: Return of the Jedi video game
  • Classic Star Wars: Return of the Jedi
  • Star Wars Manga: Return of the Jedi
  • Star Wars Infinities: Return of the Jedi
  • Dark Forces: Jedi Knight
  • Star Wars: Jedi Knight II: Jedi Outcast
  • Star Wars: Jedi Knight: Jedi Academy
  • Rogue Planet
  • Legacy of the Force series
  • Traitor
  • Destiny's Way
  • The Unifying Force
  • Dark Nest I: The Joiner King
  • Dark Nest II: The Unseen Queen
  • Dark Nest III: The Swarm War
  • Crosscurrent
  • Omen
  • Soulcalibur IV (Non-canonical appearance)
  • Star Wars Battlefront: Elite Squadron

Sources

I find your lack of sources disturbing.

This article needs to be provided with more sources and/or appearances to conform to a higher standard of article quality.

Notes and references


This article uses material from the "The Force" article on the Starwars wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

SWG Wiki

Up to date as of February 04, 2010
(Redirected to The Force article)

From SWG Wiki

The Force is a metaphysical and binding, ubiquitous power that is the object of the Jedi and Sith monastic orders. Described by Obi-Wan Kenobi as "an energy field created by all living things. It surrounds us, penetrates us, and binds the galaxy together." The Force is life, and life is the Force. Some think of the Force as a sentient entity that may be capable of intelligent thought—almost as if it were a sort of God—while others simply consider it something that can be manipulated and used as though it were a tool.

Table of contents

Definition of the Force

The Force was divided into four aspects: The light side (often referred to as "the Force"), the dark side, the Unifying Force, and the Living Force. The first two aspects were concerned with the moral compass of the Force in its various manifestations. The light side of the Force was the facet aligned with good, benevolence, and healing, while the dark side of the Force was the element aligned with fear, hatred, aggression, and malevolence. The latter two aspects were defined by prominent Jedi philosophies. The Unifying Force essentially embraced space and time in its entirety. The Living Force dealt with the energy of living things. To some Jedi, "The Force was life, and life was the Force." Though the force was categorized in this way, there were no specific abilities or powers that were only usable by a follower of a different path of the Force; the Force partially existed inside the life form that used it, and drew energy from their emotions.

Some beings, especially the Sith, believed that the dark side of the Force was more powerful than the light, though it was possible that the dark side was just more tempting to those who used it (or desired to use it). Others thought of the Force as an entity capable of intelligent thought, almost as a sort of god. Anakin Skywalker, who was believed to have been conceived by the Force itself, gave credit towards the view of the Force as a sentient entity.

Though the Force was thought to flow through every living thing, it could only be harnessed by a minority of beings described as "Force-sensitive". This Force-sensitivity was attributed to a high count of internal micro-organisms called midi-chlorians that were found in a Force-sensitive's blood: the higher the count, the greater the being's potential Force ability. Force-sensitive beings were able to tap into the Force to perform acts of great skill and agility as well as control and shape the world around them. Sometimes this ability was described as having a strong Force "aura", and it is quite probable that the two traits were connected.

Sides of the Force

The light side: Orthodox Jedi philosophy

The light side of the Force was concerned with the ideals of goodness, benevolence, and healing. A follower of the light side strove to live in harmony with the world around them, acting out of wisdom and logic rather than anger and hasty judgment. In order to achieve harmony with the light side of the Force, its practitioners would often meditate to clear themselves of emotion; particularly negative emotions such as aggression, anger, and hatred, since these were thought to bring on acceptance of the dark side. Some believed that positive emotions such as love, compassion, and courage nurtured the light side of the Force and provided insight into its ethical use.

The largest group of proponents and teachers of the light side were the Jedi Order, who strove to maintain peace and justice throughout the Galaxy. The Jedi were well aware of the dangers of the dark side of the force and frowned upon its use, as it represented corruption and a disregard for the natural order of the universe. The dark side was considered the domain of the Sith, whom the Jedi attempted to destroy in order to keep the Force in balance. The Jedi embodied their feelings about the Force in their Jedi Code.

The Force played a big part in the Jedi use of a lightsaber, giving them a heightened awareness that kept them from accidentally injuring themselves in combat and allowing them to perform other feats, such as using a lightsaber to deflect incoming fire (as from a blaster bolt). The Force came into play during the construction of a Jedi's lightsaber as well, for both assembling its intricate innards and the initial charging of the power cell.

The dark side: Sith philosophy

The dark side of the Force was the element aligned with fear, hatred, aggression, and malice towards all living things. A practitioner of the dark side of the Force sought to increase their own personal power and destroy or rule those who opposed them.

Followers of the dark side usually acted only for themselves. The negative emotions of the dark side increased the strength and abilities of a user, and as a result use of the dark side of the Force was extremely addictive. Every time a follower of the dark side called on its power they became more and more attached to the corruption it brought.

The dark side of the Force was innately tied to the negative ethical view of the Sith. Known practitioners of the dark side included the Sith Lords Darth Sidious and his successive apprentices, Darth Maul, Darth Tyranus, and Darth Vader. While the Jedi believed that emotions such as fear, uncertainty, doubt, anger, deception, treachery, and attachment were "inevitably" self destructive and lead to the dark side, the Sith philosophy was to use such emotions to fuel their willpower, ego, and selfishness. Sith philosophy saw no need to rationalize or apologize for the destruction and conflict to which it lead; they believed that using the dark side gave them enough power to take that which was rightfully theirs. Striking down a living creature with the Force out of anger or fear was both a tool of and a path to the dark side.

The path of the dark side was both mentally and physically corruptive: just as use of the dark side of the Force lead to further use over time, the raw power caused the body of a dark side adept to waste away. This happened to Senator Palpatine. A well-known characteristic of a dark side user is that his/her irises will become a sickly fiery yellow. And sometimes, it will mottle and disfigure the flesh into a corpse-gray color, as seen in Darth Revan. Many dark side relationships and organizations were also inherently unstable. The pupil-master relationship of the Jedi, for instance, was perverted under the Sith, as both the apprentice and the master began to plot against one other. Most apprenticeships ended when one side killed the other, and every time a dark side force rose in the Galaxy it eventually collapsed from within due to its own unstable nature; internecine would follow. The Empire was no exception: if there were no enemies (mainly Jedi) for Sith Lords or Dark Jedi to face, the practitioners of the dark side often consumed themselves. Palpatine, for example killed his master, Darth Plagueis, in his sleep. Darth Vader also used the addictive and corruptive nature of the dark side to his advantage when he tried to turn his son, Luke Skywalker. Vader thought that if he could convince the young Jedi hopeful to call on the dark side often enough the boy would find it more difficult to resist in the future.

The Sith Lord Darth Bane considered the Force to be finite, and thus ideally restricted to the use of the Sith Lord. He eliminated the practice of having vast numbers of Sith at the same time and concentrated the dark side of the Force into two individuals: a Sith Master and one apprentice. This tradition, or "rule of two," was still in practice with the Sith Order, which underwent a small reformation by Dark Lady Lumiya after the deaths of Darth Vader and Emperor Palpatine at Endor. Hence, the Sith were thought to be extinct for a millennium.

Potentium and the Unifying Force

The Potentium view of the Force, considered heresy by Old Republic Jedi, held that the Force and the Galaxy in general were given a master plan which was inherently good, and that there was no dark or light side to the Force. Also, Luke stated in his days as Master that "the Force doesn't flow from us, but through us", which strongly suggests that it is the force that creates life and not the other way around. Padawan Jolee Bindo saw "everything gray" and left the Order, refusing to become a Jedi and allowed emotion to guide his actions. This view gained greater acceptance under the New Republic, mostly due to the influence of Vergere, a surviving Jedi from the days of the Old Republic.

Emperor Palpatine (aka Darth Sidious) claimed that there was only one Force: the only difference worthy of note was that the Sith saw the Force as a means to an end while the Jedi saw it as an end in itself. This view was echoed by what Vergere taught Jacen Solo; she told him that there was no light side or dark side of the Force—only the Unifying Force. Vergere also told Solo that "the Force was everything, and everything was the Force"; that the Force did not have sides and never took sides. Later, it was revealed that the living planet Zonama Sekot supported the Potentium theory of the Force.

Many Jedi were thought to be proponents of the Unifying Force, wherein they focused on the past, present, and future as a whole, ignoring primary use of the Living Force. Visions of the future were of particular significance in the conservative Jedi mindset. Yoda was one of the most adamant proponents of the Unifying Force, yet he was a staunch opponet of the Potentium.

The Living Force

The Living Force was thought to be present in most living beings. The Jedi had the ability to sense the Living Force inside of life forms. Sick or dying organisms had little Living Force, while healthy ones possessed a level corresponding to their midi-chlorian count. The connection to the Living Force apparently also allowed Jedi Masters to retain their identity when they became one with the Force.

The only species known to exist without the Living Force were the extragalactic Yuuzhan Vong—the Force had no effect on them. As the Yuuzhan Vong could still use the Force to manipulate their surroundings, it was thought that they once existed alongside of the Force but were stripped of it by the Yuuzhan'tar, a living planet which was the parent of Zonama Sekot. After the Yuuzhan Vong were attacked by a technologically advanced species they used biotechnology to conquer and enslave other civilizations. This caused Yuuzhan'tar to strip them of the Force in anger. Yuuzhan'tar was later destroyed by the Yuuzhan Vong, and as a result the Yuuzhan Vong deny the existence of the Force, worshipping a pantheon of gods in its stead.

Proponents of the Living Force view, such as Qui-Gon Jinn, espoused a philosophy of "living for the moment" and relied heavily on their instincts. Had the Jedi Order adopted this viewpoint, it might have allowed them to stave off the conflict that gave rise to the Galactic Empire, as many its members lost themselves in looking forward rather than analyzing the events unfolding before them.

Other philosophical views

The Force was thought to be the pure energy of awareness and consciousness itself. It linked all sentient and non-sentient things, all space, and all time. Thus, if you were aware of your contact with the Force, you were potentially aware of all things, places, persons and even all times: past, present and future.

The Force touched everything. The Jedi believed that if they were in touch with the Force they were in touch with the world around them - it was through the Force that a Jedi could move objects without physically pushing them. The Force was thought to reside in a person's heart, and the Jedi taught that knowing the Force would allow them to know the feelings hidden inside someone else. A Jedi could also use the Force to peer into the myriad possibilities of the future, for the Force permeated through the very fabric of time itself.

The Galaxy, the universe, and everything else existed within the Force, which supposedly originated from an ultimate and para-cosmic Will.

The Greater and Lesser Force

The Force existed in the universe by assuming two aspects: The Greater "Cosmic" Force, which was an expression of the Ultimate Will, and the Lesser "Living" Force; an intrinsically distinct emanation from the Greater Force, which constituted the individual wills of creatures.

The Greater and the Lesser Force were inherently linked, and were capable of interacting with and affecting one another. Their interaction left a "footprint" trace in the form of mysterious living particles in the blood known as midi-chlorians. These midi-chlorian traces also served to facilitate and enhance further communication between the Greater and Lesser Force.

In ancient times many people believed that midi-chlorians were not distinct entities, but rays of the Greater Force itself. This view was held by many Jedi.

It was thought that there were an infinite number of Living Forces, each with a unique and intrinsic identity, emotional temper, cognitive bent, and will. Each individual Living Force could interface with or influence any other individual Living Force, whether sentient or not, through a "bridge" established in the Cosmic Force. This meant that a Jedi could understand and influence the people and objects around him or her in ways that often appeared to be mystical.

Destiny and the Force

The Cosmic Force was believed to witness the thoughts and feelings of the Living Forces, and to give them the ability to act of their own free will. The thoughts and actions of the Living Force were able to shape its destiny, which the Cosmic Force recorded and administered.

One could choose to embrace his own destiny or to defy it: a Jedi's sensitivity and courage allowed him to understand his own destiny and embrace it as the will of the Greater Force. Thus, the Jedi could open a channel linking the Lesser and Greater forces together more strongly. The power of the Greater Force could then flow into the Jedi, who was able to work with amazing power in the world around him.

The dark and light side

The Lesser Force was divided into two aspects: positive and negative, widely known as "the light side of the Force" and "the dark side of the Force."

Force Abilities

Manifestations of the Force, which were mentally-based abilities and tapped through the practitioner's willpower, could take many forms, and included telepathy, psychokinesis, and enhanced physical and metaphysical perception. The Force could be used to bend the will of weak-minded beings and guide an adept's body. Users who were very good at using the Force could cease merely reacting to their surroundings and actually predict events in the very near future, such as the next blow in a duel. Guidance like this enabled Luke Skywalker to launch a proton torpedo into an extremely difficult target on the Death Star in the Battle of Yavin.

In addition to enhancing their own skill, Force users were capable of channeling the energy of The Force directly into the world around them. The Sith were infamous for making heavy use of this ability to conjure Force-lightning, or Force-choke enemies by constricting their windpipes. The Jedi preferred to use their abilities to heal and protect; closing wounds and shielding others with barriers of Force energy. Jedi Master Qui-Gon Jinn discovered that Jedi could achieve near-immortality through the Force by existing as a "Force ghost" after death.

Some Force users even learned how to transfer their spirit into another body. Senator Palpatine used this technique in order to prolong his life, and later Callista transferred herself to the body of a dying friend so that she could stay alive. Callista, unfortunately, lost her ability to touch the Force in the process of transference.

Or there are some, like Darth Nihilus, who can use the force to feed off other force users. Nihilus' power could encompass planets and drain them of life, for example: the Miraluka colony world of Katarr. Another example of this is Axkva Min, a nightsister who was able to drain her servants of their life, eventually killing them, and was eventually banished for this once discovered.

Disturbances in the Force

The Force existed in all life, and when great amounts of life passed away a disturbance was created, running through the Force like a scream that Force-adepts could hear. This was how a "hole" in the force was created at the battle of Malachor V during the Mandalorian Wars when the Mass Shadow Generator was unleashed. This happened again when Alderaan was destroyed; Obi-Wan Kenobi sensed "a great disturbance in the Force, as if millions of souls cried out in terror and were suddenly silenced.…". It was suggested that Yoda could not defeat Darth Sidious in battle, being overpowered by the disturbance caused by the many simultaneous Jedi deaths.

Other things were also defined as disturbances: life forms themselves created small disturbances in the Force, and Force-adepts even larger ones. Dark side users created strong, evil disturbances that could be felt by any Force-sensitives nearby.

Sources


This article uses material from the "The Force" article on the SWG Wiki wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Transformers

Up to date as of February 05, 2010

From Teletraan I: The Transformers Wiki

The Force is a mysterious power the Star Warriors call upon to transform their futuristic space vehicles into fighting robots.

Its exact nature is unknown.

I felt great disturbance within the Force.

Vector Prime

Disturbance? That doesn't sound good!

Optimus Prime, "Fury"

You left a piece out!

This article is a stub and is missing information. You can help Teletraan I: The Transformers Wiki by expanding it.


This article uses material from the "Force" article on the Transformers wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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