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Political Office
President of the United Federation of Planets
Term of Office: 4 Standard Years
Style of Address: ■ "Mister President" (male)
■ "Madam President" (female)
■ "Zha President" (zhen)
■ "Sha President" (shen)
■ "Cha President" (chan)
■ "Tha President" (thaan)
■ "Shir President" (asexual)
Method of Selection: Popular Election
Official Workplace: Presidential Office, Palais de la Concorde
Inaugural Holder: Unestablished
(Thomas Vanderbilt, Picard Family Scrapbook Continuity)
Formation: 12 August 2161
Incumbent: Nanietta Bacco
(from 2379, novel continuity)
Aennik Okeg
(from 2392, Star Trek Online Continuity)
Incumbent:
President Nanietta Bacco in the Presidential Office

The President of the United Federation of Planets is the democratically elected head of state and head of government of the United Federation of Planets. As leader of the Federation, the president is widely considered the most powerful person in the known Alpha and Beta Quadrants. (TOS movies: The Voyage Home, The Undiscovered Country, DS9 episodes: "Homefront", "Paradise Lost")

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Election and Term of Office

The President ascends to the position through a popular election, serving an unlimited number of four-year terms. Presidential candidates are declared by the Council of the United Federation of Planets, which reviews anonymously-submitted petitions for candidacy before declaring that a given individual qualifies for the office. When a president unexpectedly resigns, dies, or is otherwise unable to discharge the powers of the office, the Federation Council declares a councillor to be President Pro Tempore; the President Pro Tempore then serves for one month, while a special election is then called by the Council. (TNG novel: A Time for War, A Time for Peace, ST novel: Articles of the Federation.)

General Information

The president's office is on Floor Fifteen of the Federation's seat of government, the Palais de la Concorde, in Paris, Earth. Fifteen also features a private study for the president, an office room and waiting room for the president's secretary and guests, the Presidential Transporter Room, a large hallway, and two large meeting rooms named after former presidents: the Ra-ghoratreii Room and the Wescott Room. (TNG novel: A Time to Kill, ST novel: Articles of the Federation.)

The fourteenth and thirteenth floors house the president's staff, with the Presidential Chief of Staff's office and the offices of the cabinet members located on the outer rim of Floor Fourteen, while the presidential support staff, including the various deputy chiefs of staff, speechwriters, and other presidential employees, are housed on Floor Thirteen and the innermost rim of Fourteen's offices. It is customary for each administration to redecorate the Presidential Office and the top three floors of the Palais as that president sees fit. (ST novel: Articles of the Federation)

The official residence of the President of the United Federation of Planets is Château Thelian, located in the Vallée de la Loire in France and built to the specifications of other such famous châteaux in the valley. Château Thelian is as large as the Château de Saint Brisson, which itself served as the residence of former presidential Chief of Staff Koll Azernal. Built during the term of Thelianaresth "Thelian" th'Vorothishria in the early 24th Century to serve as his residence, Château Thelian features a sitting room with the portraits of each president since Thelian. Château Thelian also features a private transporter room, typically used for quick transit between the château and the Palais. (ST novel: Articles of the Federation)

Until 2381, the president was protected at all times by members of Starfleet Security and its special presidential protection division. The Security officers were typically dressed in standard Federation Starfleet duty uniforms; on formal occasions, they would sometimes wear Starfleet dress uniforms or the formal dress of their homeworld. (ST novel: Articles of the Federation.) In 2381, an independent agency took over protecting the President, whose agents were not members of Starfleet and wore dark civilian uniforms. (ST - Destiny novel: Gods of Night) Starfleet Security maintains a continuous physical presence within the Palais adjacent to the president, and also is responsible for general security in the Palais. (ST novel: Articles of the Federation.)

The al-Rashid, a presidential shuttle. (This supplemental image has been approved.)

For short-range interplanetary transport, the president has use of three private Starfleet shuttlecraft. For interstellar journeys, the President has use of a civilian ship known as Paris One. Federation starships such as the Galaxy-class USS Venture sometimes serve for presidential transport as well. (ST novels: Articles of the Federation, A Singular Destiny.) In the 2280s of an alternate timeline, Starfleet craft ferrying the President received the call sign Starfleet One. (TOS novel: The Chimes at Midnight.)

We only saw the call sign Starfleet One being used in the alternate continuity of The Chimes At Midnight. Starfleet craft in Articles did not assume any special call signs.
See: Presidential Transport.

Form of Address

The proper form of address for a President of the United Federation of Planets depends upon the President's sex and species, and are as follows:

Legislative Duties

The duties of the President of the United Federation of Planets are numerous. As the Federation lacks a strict separation of powers found in many governments, the president not only serves as head of the executive branch, but also serves as the head of the legislature. As such, the Articles of the Federation hold that the president is required to preside over all full sessions of the Council of the United Federation of Planets "barring special circumstances." The president "has the option, but is not required, to preside over meetings of the various sub-councils;" if the president chooses not to preside over a sub-council, then the chair of said council serves as the presiding officer. The president is also required to nominate Federation Councillors to the various sub-councils, with the full Council then being responsible for ratifying such nominations. While presiding over a Council or sub-council session, the president reserves the right to determine who may or may not speak to the council from the speaker's floor, and may also determine when voting on a bill or resolution is to take place, even though the president may not vote. (ST novel: Articles of the Federation)

The president is generally expected to solicit the participation of councillors from the appropriate sub-councils when dealing with issues pretaining to that sub-council's jurisdiction, and a full sub-council sometimes is capable of exercising authority nearly equal to that of the president's over an issue. For instance, the Federation Security Council has the right to order Starfleet Operations to issue orders to subordinate Starfleet agencies such as the Starfleet Corps of Engineers, a right shared only by the admiralty and the president, though an order from the president does over-ride an order from a sub-council in executive issues. (ST novel: Articles of the Federation, TNG novel: A Time to Heal)

The president has the right to executive review of legislation passed by the Federation Council, and may veto a bill. From there, the bill may be sent back to the Council, which may override the veto if a sufficiently large number of councillors vote as such. The president may also introduce bills and resolutions to the Council. (TNG novel: A Time to Heal)

Military Duties

The president also serves as the commander of the Federation Starfleet and the rest of the Federation's armed forces (though the specific title of "Commander-in-Chief" is held by the highest-ranking Starfleet officer), granting the president nearly absolute authority over the actions of Starfleet. (DS9 episodes: "Homefront", "Paradise Lost", TOS movie: The Undiscovered Country)

The president has the right to declare martial law on a Federation Member State, a political subdivision of a Member State, or in a political subdivision of the Federation itself. In 2372, for instance, former president Jaresh-Inyo of Grazer declared martial law on Earth (the primary planetary political subdivision of United Earth, a founding Member, and capital planet of the UFP itself) in response to concerns about Changeling infiltration when that planet's power distribution system was sabotaged. (DS9 episodes: "Homefront", "Paradise Lost")

The president may not declare war, however; that particular right is reserved to the Council. (ST novel: Articles of the Federation)

The president may preside over special sessions of the Federation Judiciary Council which serve as courts-martial of Starfleet officers; former President Hiram Roth, for instance, presided over the council session that served as the court-martial of Starfleet officers James T. Kirk, Leonard McCoy, Montgomery Scott, Pavel Chekov, Hikaru Sulu, and Nyota Uhura in 2286, following the destruction of the first USS Enterprise in orbit of the Genesis Planet. (TOS movie: The Voyage Home)

Foreign Policy

The president is responsible for the appointment of Federation Ambassadors to foreign nations, a responsibility apparently wielded unilaterally, without requiring the authorization of the Federation Council. (TNG novel: A Time for War, A Time for Peace)

The president also sets the course for Federation foreign policy, though the Council can override the president's foreign policy directives if such as resolution has a sufficiently large majority of councillors behind it. (TTN novel: Taking Wing, TOS movie: The Undiscovered Country)

Miscellaneous Duties

The president often presides over state dinners, such as the abortive state dinner held in the Roth Dining Room of the Palais in 2380 to welcome the Trinni/ek delegation to Earth. (ST novel: Articles of the Federation)

Role

The Federation presidency has traditionally been an office considerably less autonomous than the presidencies of traditional planetary governments. In the wake of the Zife Administration and the Dominion War, however, the presidency has become a considerably more autonomous office with much less overview from the Federation Council. The president, however, nonetheless serves as the political and inspirational leader of the United Federation of Planets, and is still looked up to for guidance and leadership by the people of the Federation. Notable presidents who have taken strong steps in defining the role of the presidency include Haroun al-Rashid, Avaranthi sh'Rothress, Kenneth Wescott, Ra-ghoratreii, Thelianaresth th'Vorothishria, and Zife. (ST novel: Articles of the Federation)

Federation Presidents

See: List of Federation Presidents

Connections

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External Links

Internal Links

Presidents of the United Federation of Planets
Seal of the President of the United Federation of Planets. Vanderbiltal-RashidT'Maransh'RothressArcherGrallessSardixThortathanalEinicroxSuessorTodahlahrMorvehlKurvannisGreshlahrigmBralChristensonQasrVarisDadariMintaineSarboranWescottHirashitoMcLarenOromonSalamornIxanRoth/FergusRa-ghoratreiiZagrinLaikanThelianSuluT'PraghAmitraJaresh-InyoZifeBaccoOkeg Seal of the President of the United Federation of Planets.
Italization indicates Presidents who may only have served in alternate continuities to the majority listed here.
Flag of the United Federation of Planets Executive Departments and Cabinet-Level Agencies of the United Federation of Planets Flag of the United Federation of Planets
Agriculture | Commerce | Defense | Exterior | Housing | Science | Technology | Temporal Investigations | Travel

Independent Cabinet-Level Agency: Office of the Federation Security Advisor

Heads of Government
Interstellar States Federation PresidentKlingon ChancellorRomulan PraetorImperial Romulan State EmpressCardassian CastellanCardassian Chief ExecutorFerengi Grand NagusTzenkethi AutarchGorn ImperatorBreen Domo • Orion Chancellor • Tholian Ruling ConclaveThallonian Prime MinisterTezwan Prime MinisterEnoch PresidentKropasar High CyningCaeliar Tanwa-Seynorral
Federation Member States United Earth Prime MinisterVulcan AdministratorVulcan High Command AdministratorAndorian ChancellorAlpha Centauri GovernorBajoran First MinisterTrill PresidentCestus GovernorBetazoid GovernorDenevan President • Pacifican Governor • Peliar Zel GovernorZaldan Leader
Federation Colonies Tarsus GovernorAlpha V GovernorMantilles Governor • Caldos Governor
UFP Member State Polities United States President (United Earth)Governor of Prophet's Landing (Republic of Bajor)
Mirror Universe Terran EmperorTerran ConsulKlingon Regent

This article uses material from the "President of the United Federation of Planets" article on the Memory-beta wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

ST Expanded

Up to date as of February 07, 2010

The Star Trek Expanded Universe Database is for fanon and related content. See Memory-Alpha.org for the canon Star Trek wiki.

Seal of the President of the United Federation of Planets

The Federation President (formally, the President of the United Federation of Planets) is the democratically elected head of state and head of government of the United Federation of Planets. The President presides over the Federation Council, and is occasionally referred to as Council President. The President's office can be found in Paris on Earth. The President is the Chief Executive Officer of the Federation. Amongst other duties, he or she is responsible for the day-to-day running of the government, helping to organize budgets, sub-council appointments, the coordination of foreign policy, and is the commander of all Starfleet forces. In addition, the President sometimes presides over special courts-martial in which the Federation Council serves as the judging body. As leader of the Federation, the president is widely considered the most powerful person in the known Alpha and Beta Quadrants.

In the original Star Fleet Technical Manual, the section "Articles of Federation" referred not to a president but a "Governor of the Federation Council." In subsequent continuities, the two offices may be combined, or may remain separate.

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Starfleet Command (RPG)

In the continuity of Starfleet Command (RPG), former Fleet Admiral, James Anders was elected President of the United Federation of Planets in 2385.

Special rights

The president has the right to give pardon to imprisoned criminals if he thinks the criminal deserves it. (Dragon Ball Z vs. Star Trek: The Way of Infinity)

The president is also allowed to dissolve the parliament and announce new elections if it's absolutely nessessary. (Dragon Ball Z vs. Star Trek: The Way of Infinity)

From Diplomacy to the Presidency

The Kennedy-class diplomatic cruisers were commanded by members of the Federation Diplomatic Corps, not Starfleet. Several of the captains of these vessels went on to the presidency of the Federation, namely Rim Mulari (2286-94), Jonathan Betran (2306-10) and T'Pratt (2318-30). (Starship Recognition Series 2)

Notable Presidents

External links


This article uses material from the "President of the United Federation of Planets" article on the ST Expanded wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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