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Muppet

Up to date as of February 02, 2010
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(Redirected to Muppet Eyes article)

From Muppet Wiki

Eyes have long been an important part of the Muppet aesthetic. For example, one of the most distinctive aspects of Kermit the Frog is his eyes, originally made from ping-pong ball halves and with unique cross-lined pupils.

Contents

The Magic Triangle

Ernie and Bert in a blackout.

The placement of the eyes on a Muppet character is key to the success of the character. In The Art of the Muppets, the Henson Associates staff wrote, "Perhaps the single most important aspect of the Muppet look is the set of the eyes in relation to the nose and mouth. The Muppet people call this the 'magic triangle': correctly positioned, it creates a central focal point essential to bringing a puppet to life in the eye of the camera -- and therefore the viewer." [1]

The development of this concept is often credited to Don Sahlin, chief architect responsible in many ways for the basic look of the Muppets. [2] Jim Henson explained the importance of eye placement: "It would be the last thing [Sahlin] would do, and he always wanted me there, to make sure it was right for both of us -- making sure the eyes had a point of focus, because without that you had no character." [3]

The focus of a Muppet's eyes depends on the placement of the pupils. The pupils are rarely in the exact center of the eye; instead, they are placed toward each other, making the character slightly "cross-eyed." This creates the illusion of focus, and makes it easier for the puppeteer to emphasise what the character is looking at. [4]

Because the eyes are such an essential element to the mechanics of the characters, Muppet builders usually wait until the last minute to add the eyes. [5]

Eyes and Age

The eyes of Muppet characters have often been broad and inviting, in the manner of cartoon character's eyes. Much in the manner of newspaper cartoonists, the size of the character's pupils have been a useful means of telegraphing a character's age. Sesame Workshop has explained this concept in a 2006 newsletter: "Muppet designers use different sized pupils depending upon how young or old they want a Muppet to look. The smaller the pupil, the older the Muppet looks; the larger the pupil, the younger the Muppet looks." [6]

Significantly, many child-like characters, such as Waffle, Emmet Otter and Pip and Pop have had eyes which consist solely of pupils, giving them an endearingly infantile, "button" look.

Realistic Eyes

When the Muppet designers created the "Land of Gorch" characters for Saturday Night Live, Henson insisted on giving them taxidermy eyes -- realistic-looking glass eyes used for stuffing animals. The eyes lent a more naturalistic look to the characters, contrasting with their general abstract nature. [7]

Later productions used taxidermy eyes to blend the look of a real animal with comic anthropomorphism, as seen in such characters as Eliot Shag or Jake the Polar Bear. Creature Shop productions The Dark Crystal, Labyrinth, and Dinosaurs used taxidermy eyes almost exclusively.

Eye Movement

For the majority of Muppet characters, the eyes are fixed in certain positions and essentially static. Since Whatnots and Anything Muppets have their features re-arranged frequently, the eyes are simple attachments. Once tacked on, the eyes remain there unless forcibly removed by another character. These eyes have no moving parts. Thus any eye contact or movement is generally an illusion created by the puppeteers through performance, or through calculated manipulation and clenching of the puppet's face at key moments. The most recent example of this clenching method is evident in Elmo -- performer Kevin Clash is able to make the character look up in pondering or appear to raise an eyebrow by slightly adjusting the structure of the puppet's head where its eyes are attached.

For other characters, a variety of techniques have been used, both sophisticated and simple. Cookie Monster, for example, has googly eyes, created by pinning the pupils loosely onto the eyeballs, which gives him an excitable look and makes the character appear more animated.

Other creations, such as Big Bird, Animal, Mr. Snuffleupagus, Hoots the Owl and Telly Monster have complex eyes with lid mechanisms, which can open, close, expand or contract to create different expressions. Mahna Mahna and Floyd Pepper have had blinking eyes, unique in their design in that they are constructed simply as hollow "sockets," while in his debut in The Frog Prince, Sweetums' eyes lit up. One of the more advanced techniques used on a simple Muppet character is in the eyes of Wembley Fraggle. His spherical eyeballs are rigged with a mechanism that allow his pupils to appear to move within the realm of the eyes' white space. Unlike Sam the Eagle's pupils, which only move left to right, Wembley's can move in any direction, and often in a rotating manner to create the illusion that he is "rolling his eyes."

Still other characters are expressive by means of the material around their eyes. Bert's eyes have always been fixed, but his brow is extremely mobile. Dr. Teeth wears a pair of sunglasses which consist only of an upper half, suggesting eyelids at rest for a laid-back appearance, but which can be flung back at a moment's notice to telegraph shock or excitement.

In some cases when a scene requires total darkness (such as the electricity going out), this is done by using standalone eyes resembling the character's eyes on a stick against a black background, a variation of the typical cartoon convention of eyes floating against the darkness. This can be seen in a 1969 sketch when Ernie and Bert blow a fuse running too many electrical things at once and cause a blackout, and in a later segment when Kermit attempts to demonstrate "light" and "dark" while Grover crashes around blindly in the darkness.

Glasses and Obscured Eyes

Eyeglasses, monocles, sunglasses, and other spectacles are often useful not just as accessories, but as a defining part of a character's features. The eyes of Scooter and Herbert Birdsfoot are permanently attached to their glasses, while Pops' spectacles hide a pair of perpetually squinting peepers. Bunsen Honeydew and Zoot have no visible eyes at all, with their glasses essentially functioning as eyes.

Still other characters have no visible eyes whatsoever. Wendell and Boober Fraggle are key examples, with the latter's "eyes" implicitly obscured by his mop of hair and cap, in the manner of Beetle Bailey.

Lashes, Lids, and Brows

Bert naps onscreen thanks to modified eyelids

Simplicity and suggestion can be just as effective as the most complex eye mechanism in shaping a character's personality. Miss Piggy's carefully crafted purple lids and lashes, placed over blue pupils, suggest strength and glamour. Waldorf's age and affinity for napping are suggested by the deep set of his eyes. Janice's eyes are simply a pair of angled lashes, while the Amazing Mumford possesses nothing but a pair of bushy eyebrows.

Eyebrows often emphasise (or exaggerate) certain personality traits; aggressive Muppet monsters usually have large black eyebrows, whereas the mild-mannered Kermit doesn't have any. [8]

There are cases in which eyelids are built for a character who does not normally have them, or when the eyelids that they do have are modified to cover their eyeballs. This is done for scenes in which a character is required to sleep on screen, when the simpler solution of turning the eyes away from the camera will not work.

Trivia

  • Sesame Street uses approximately 219 pairs of eyes (and 180 noses) per season.[9]

Sources

  1. The Art of the Muppets, p. 7. New York: Bantam Books/Muppet Press, 1980.
  2. Christopher Finch, Jim Henson: The Works, p. 65. New York: Random House, 1993.
  3. Inches, Allison. Jim Henson's Designs and Doodles, p. 50. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 2001.
  4. Cheryl Henson and the Muppet Workshop, The Muppets Make Puppets!, p. 19. New York: Workman Publishing, 1994.
  5. Cheryl Henson and the Muppet Workshop, The Muppets Make Puppets!, p. 18. New York: Workman Publishing, 1994.
  6. Weekly Trivia, Sesame Family Newsletter, February 22, 2006
  7. Christopher Finch, Jim Henson: The Works, p. 86. New York: Random House, 1993.
  8. Cheryl Henson and the Muppet Workshop, The Muppets Make Puppets!, p. 25. New York: Workman Publishing, 1994.
  9. Sesame Family Newsletter, July 30, 2008

This article uses material from the "Muppet Eyes" article on the Muppet wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Final Fantasy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010
(Redirected to Security Eye article)

From Final Fantasy Wiki

Final Fantasy IV Enemy
Security Eye
Image:SecurityEye_FFIVDS.gif
Japanese アイズ
Romaji Aizu
J2e Name Eyes
SNES Name Alert
PS Name Alert
GBA Name Security Eye
DS Name Security Eye

The Security Eye is an enemy in the game Final Fantasy IV. Security Eye counter all attacks with the Alert ability, which summons a Stone Golem, Chimera, Naga, or Flamehound. Any attack made when an enemy is on the screen that targets the Security Eye results in a Beam, which deals Magic damage. One of each kind of Security Eye appears in various "monster-in-a-box" encounters.

Strategy

Obviously, because of this creature's attack pattern, there is no real way to make it through the fight without taking any damage. Until you have finally destroyed the Security Eye, ignore the other monsters it summons, because it will just summon more. When another monster enters the fray, concentrate your attack on the Security Eye until it falls, using Rosa to heal any damage caused by its Beam counterattack. After it dies, shift your attention to the monster left behind.

A noticeable feature of the Security Eye is that it will not attack unless provoked. Because of this, the encounters with it can be a great opportunity to restore HP/MP with Rosa's Pray. Have everyone else defend and Yang use Focus twice. When you are ready, attack with Yang (with Lightning Claws equipped, if you want to expose his weakness) and it should go down in one hit without summoning any other monsters. Alternatively, you can use Ramuh with Rydia, and it should also go down in one hit, since the Security Eye itself is fairly weak. You can also use Cry without it noticing.

Related enemies


This article uses material from the "Security Eye" article on the Final Fantasy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Lostpedia

Up to date as of February 07, 2010

From Lostpedia

Locke wakes up after the plane crash, and is shown with a gash above and below his right eye. ("Walkabout")

Eyes are a recurring theme in Lost, from Locke's gash above and below his eye, to the closeups of eyes shown at the opening of episodes.

Contents

Episode openers

The opening of an episode with a close-up of a character's eye was prevalent in Season 1, only used once in Season 2, and made a return in Season 3.

In most episodes, the character whose eye is shown is the character with the flashback or flashforward.

Through the use of digital effects and contact lenses, actors' eye color have been altered regularly throughout the episodes of Lost during particular scenes, usually ones related to the mythos of the show. Actor Terry O'Quinn has confirmed this in interview. [source needed]

Character Eye Episode Flash

Season 1
Jack Right "Pilot, Part 1" Yes
Locke Right "Walkabout" Yes
Jack
(young)
Right "White Rabbit" Yes
Sun Left "House of the Rising Sun" Yes
Claire Right "Raised by Another" Yes
Boone Left "Hearts and Minds" Yes
Michael Left "Special" Yes
Sawyer
(young)
Left "Outlaws" Yes
Jin Right "...In Translation" Yes
Aaron Left "Exodus, Part 2" No

Season 2
Desmond Left "Man of Science, Man of Faith" No

Season 3
Juliet Left "A Tale of Two Cities" Yes
Locke Right "Further Instructions" Yes
Claire Left (flashback) "Par Avion" Yes

Season 4
Sayid Both (closed) "The Economist" Yes
Locke Right "Eggtown" No
Jack Left "Something Nice Back Home" Yes

Season 5
Jack Right "316" Yes

Other close-ups

Several other instances of eye close-ups have occurred that are not episode openers:

Character Eye Episode Flash

Season 2
Locke Right "Lockdown" Yes

Season 3
Jack Left "A Tale of Two Cities" Yes
Eko Right (closed) "The Cost of Living" Yes
Desmond Left "Flashes Before Your Eyes" Yes
Claire Right "Par Avion" Yes
Locke Right "The Man from Tallahassee" Yes
Nikki Right "Exposé" Yes
Paulo Left "Exposé" Yes
Figure in Jacob's cabin Left "The Man Behind the Curtain" No
Locke Left "Through the Looking Glass" No

Season 4
Figure in Jacob's cabin Left "The Beginning of the End" No
Miles Both "Confirmed Dead" Yes
Desmond Left "The Constant" Yes
Michael Left "Meet Kevin Johnson" Yes
Benjamin Both "The Shape of Things to Come" Yes
Locke Left "Cabin Fever" Yes

Season 5
Locke Both "The Life and Death of Jeremy Bentham" Yes
Ilana Right "The Incident, Parts 1 & 2" Yes

Season 6
Kate Right "LA X, Parts 1 & 2" No

Other occurrences

Lost:Via Domus opens with a shot of Elliott Maslow's eye.
Eye of Horus, an Egyptian hieroglyph
  • Jacob's tapestry depicts the Eye of Horus. ("The Incident, Parts 1 & 2")
  • Locke has a scar across his right eye from the crash, which is still visible three months later.
  • Charlie's tattoo reads: "Living is Easy with Eyes Closed"; this is a lyric from The Beatles' "Strawberry Fields Forever". (Music)
  • There are two eye references in the mural painting in the Swan:
    • A man with a crossed out left eye
    • A figure of an eyeball followed by an "M" and (crossed out) "SICK", which gives us: "I am (not?) sick"
  • Mikhail is missing his right eye and wears an eye patch.
  • The first episode of the video game Lost: Via Domus opens with a close up of Elliott's eye.
  • Characters dying with open eyes is a common occurrence: Abaddon, Boone, Locke, Charlotte, Naomi, Libby, Ana Lucia, Shannon, Horace, Minkowski, Keamy, Daniel. (Life and death)

Trivia

  • In "Flashes Before Your Eyes", the close-up of Desmond's eye when he enters his altered timeline is the same shot of his eye (with less saturated colors) that was shown at the beginning of "Man of Science, Man of Faith".
  • Track two of the official Lost Soundtrack is called "The Eyeland", a pun based on how the first scene of "Pilot, Part 1" opens on Jack's eye.
  • In some cultures, dying with eyes open is interpreted as dying in a state of unrest or mission in life unfulfilled. (life and death)
  • Some cultures consider eyes as the way into a person's soul.
  • Sayid is an anagram of daisy, a word that comes from the Anglo-Saxon for "day's eye."

This article uses material from the "Eyes" article on the Lostpedia wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Starwars

Up to date as of February 04, 2010
(Redirected to Eye article)

From Wookieepedia, the Star Wars wiki.

For other uses, see Eyes (disambiguation).
An eye

The eye was the primary visual organ of most biological lifeforms, comparable to the photoreceptors used by droids and cyborgs.

Contents

Characteristics

In most species, the eye worked by directing light onto the optic nerve by means of a lens, and was protected by an eyelid designed to remove foreign objects and shade against bright lights. There were many variations, from the subtly degraded night-vision of the local Human population of Hapes,[1] through the night-vision enhancing glowing red eyes of the Chiss,[2] to the multi-faceted eyes of Rodians,[3] the infrared vision of species like the Barabels, the eyes of the Ssi-ruuk with their sensitive retinae and highly-evolved eyelids, and the exotic visual perceptions of the spacegoing Oswaft.[4]

There were also species like the Miraluka, who lost their eyes in the course of their evolution, depending instead on the Force,[5] and the Shaper caste of the Yuuzhan Vong species, who had bred several species of highly sophisticated creatures called mqaaq'it to serve as symbiotic artificial eyes.[6] Yuuzhan Vong had Eye sacks under their eyes.

The photosensitive cilia on the Cloak of the Nuun, another Yuuzhan Vong biot, were perhaps among the most exotic organic eyes known. Tiny membranes covering the creature's entire surface, they saw the immediate area with near-perfect accuracy from every angle, enabling the cloaker to disguise itself, chameleon-like, against its surroundings.[7]

Darth Caedus's eyes turned yellow subsequent to becoming a Sith

The eyes of some Force-sensitives changed from their original colors to shades of fiery red and yellow when they were deeply immersed in the dark side of the Force.[8]

Appearances

I find your lack of sources disturbing.

This article needs to be provided with more sources and/or appearances to conform to a higher standard of article quality.

Sources

  • Star Wars: The Visual Dictionary
  • You must be a member of Star Wars Hyperspace to view this linkThe Forgotten War: The Nagai and the Tofs on Hyperspace (article) (Mentioned only)

I find your lack of sources disturbing.

This article needs to be provided with more sources and/or appearances to conform to a higher standard of article quality.

Notes and references

External links


This article uses material from the "Eye" article on the Starwars wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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