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European Cup

The European Cup, also known as the Europa Cup, was a European ice hockey club competition for champions of national leagues which was contested between 1965 and 1997, governed by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF).

History

Inspired by the success of football's European Cup (now UEFA Champions League), the IIHF decided to start the competition in 1965 during a meeting in Tampere, Finland. The idea was brought up by a German, Dr. Sabetzki, and approved by a majority of the delegates.

However, the tournament was often plagued with problems. Teams from different countries were generally of wildly differing standards due to different levels of development in ice hockey across Europe, resulting in many uncompetitive, one-sided games. Significant organisational difficulties were also posed by the refusal of some Soviet Union teams to play away games in certain places. This resulted in no final being held some years, and more than one final being held in others. The competition was discontinued after 1997. In its place, the European Hockey League and the Continental Cup, and later the IIHF European Champions Cup, were started.

Format

Teams were seeded and drawn into groups of four teams, with the winners of each group progressing to the next round, where they were drawn into groups again. Each round was played over a long weekend (Friday to Sunday) in a single venue, until one final group was left, the winner of which would be considered champions. After the European Cup was discontinued, the Continental Cup would adopt this format.

Winners

Knockout, 1966-1978

Season Winner Score Runner-up
1966 Flag of Czechoslovakia ZKL Brno 6–4, 7–5, 6–2, 6–1 Flag of West Germany EV Füssen
1967 Flag of Czechoslovakia ZKL Brno 3–2, 5–4 Flag of Finland Ilves
1968 Flag of Czechoslovakia ZKL Brno 3–0, 3–3 Flag of Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1969 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow 9–1, 14–3 Flag of Austria EC KAC
1970 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow 2–3, 8–5 Flag of Soviet Union Spartak Moscow
1971 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow 7–0, 3–3 Flag of Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1972 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow 8–2, 8–3 Flag of Sweden Brynäs
1973 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow 6–2, 12–2 Flag of Sweden Brynäs
1974 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow 2–3, 6–1 Flag of Czechoslovakia Tesla Pardubice
1975 Flag of Soviet Union Krylya Sovetov Moscow 2–3, 7–0 Flag of Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1976 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow 6–0, 4–2 Flag of Czechoslovakia Poldi Kladno
1977 Flag of Czechoslovakia Poldi Kladno 4–4, 4–4 (2-1 PS) Flag of Soviet Union Spartak Moscow
1978 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow 3–1 Flag of Czechoslovakia Poldi Kladno

Group, 1979-1990

Season Winner Runner-up Third Venue
1979 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Czechoslovakia Poldi Kladno Flag of Finland Ässät Innsbruck, Austria
1980 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Finland Tappara Flag of Czechoslovakia Slovan Bratislava Innsbruck, Austria
1981 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Finland HIFK Flag of Czechoslovakia Poldi Kladno Urtijëi, Italy
1982 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Czechoslovakia TJ Vítkovice Flag of West Germany SC Riessersee Düsseldorf, West Germany
1983 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Flag of Finland Tappara Tampere, Finland
1984 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Flag of East Germany Dynamo Berlin Urtijëi, Italy
1985 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of West Germany Kölner EC Flag of Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Megeve, France
1986 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Sweden Södertälje SK Flag of West Germany SB Rosenheim Rosenheim, West Germany
1987 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Czechoslovakia TJ VSŽ Košice Flag of Sweden Färjestads BK Lugano, Switzerland
1988 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Czechoslovakia Tesla Pardubice Flag of Finland Tappara Davos, Switzerland
1989 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Czechoslovakia TJ VSŽ Košice Flag of West Germany Kölner EC Köln, West Germany
1990 Flag of Soviet Union CSKA Moscow Flag of Finland TPS Flag of Sweden Djurgårdens IF Berlin, West Germany

Knockout, 1991-1997

Season Winner Score Runner-up Venue
1991 Flag of Sweden Djurgårdens IF 3–2 Flag of Soviet Union Dynamo Moscow Düsseldorf, Germany
1992 Flag of Sweden Djurgårdens IF 7–2 Flag of Germany Düsseldorfer EG Düsseldorf, Germany
1993 Flag of Sweden Malmö IF 3–3 (1-0 PS) Flag of Russia Dynamo Moscow Düsseldorf, Germany
1994 Flag of Finland TPS 4–3 Flag of Russia Dynamo Moscow Düsseldorf, Germany
1995 Flag of Finland Jokerit 4–2 Flag of Russia Lada Togliatti Turku, Finland
1996 Flag of Finland Jokerit 3–3 (3-2 PS) Flag of Germany Kölner Haie Köln, Germany
1997 Flag of Russia Lada Togliatti 4–3 (OT) Flag of Sweden Modo Düsseldorf, Germany
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