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Memory-beta

Up to date as of February 02, 2010
(Redirected to Clone article)

Memory Beta, the wiki for licensed Star Trek content.

The second clone of Ibudan being created.

A clone is an organism that is a duplicate of another organism. Produced asexually, the clone has the same genetic structure as the original organism, but most methods result in genetic drift.

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Cloning in Human history

An early, secret Human cloning project was conducted by Professor Eugene Eckhart of Illinois State University, with the help of United States Army General Cory, in order to create a new army of perfect soldiers to fight the war in Southeast Asia. This project was halted by Gary Seven, who noted that the professor's knowledge of the human genome was far beyond that of Earth of 1970. (TOS - Star Trek: Assignment: Earth comic: "My Name Is Legion") This information was later determined to have been provided by Counter Strike. (TOS - Star Trek: Assignment: Earth comic: "We Have Met the Enemy...")

Officially, the earliest experiments with cloning were performed on animals in the late 20th century. Livestock animals and household pets were commonly cloned into the 23rd century. (TOS novel: Prime Directive)

Cloning technology was also applied toward the creation of body parts, which could be transplanted following the failure or loss of an original. Doctor Leonard McCoy had several of his organs cloned and held in storage, which he then received after becoming seriously ill in 2294. (TOS novel: The Captain's Daughter) By the 24th century, biosynthetic limbs could be grown without the need for such advance preparations, as was done for Reannon Bonaventure after losing an arm in 2367 (TNG novel: Vendetta), Ensign Nog after losing a leg in 2375 (DS9 episode: "It's Only a Paper Moon"), and Captain David Gold after losing a hand in 2376 (SCE eBook: Breakdowns)

Cloning of whole human beings, however, was exceedingly rare -- Gary Seven once observed that humans were too socially primitive to deal with the philosophical implications, fearing the creation of a "Frankenstein monster." (TOS - Star Trek: Assignment: Earth comic: "My Name Is Legion") One of the few exceptions was on the planet Mariposa, where following the crash of their ship, the SS Mariposa, there were only five surviving colonists. With too few people to create a stable genetic base, they instead populated the colony by cloning themselves. However, after 200 years, the Mariposan society became endangered by the dangers of replicative fading, and were forced to abandon cloning as the method of reproduction. (TNG episode: "Up the Long Ladder")

The extremist group Terra Prime used a technique called binary cloning to combine DNA samples from human Charles Tucker III and Vulcan T'Pol to create a hybrid offspring. The technique was flawed, however, and the clone, named Elizabeth T'Les Tucker, died in infancy. (ENT episodes: "Demons", "Terra Prime")

In an effort to correct the timeline, Dr. Julian Bashir planned to clone two lifeless Cardassian bodies which had previously discovered embedded in a bulkhead of Deep Space Nine, and send them back in time to be discovered in the past. This plan proved unnecessary when two living Cardassians jumped through a time portal instead, fixing the apparent paradox. (DS9 novel: Millennium)

Cloning in other cultures

According to Gary Seven, cloning was common on most advanced worlds as of Earth's mid 20th century. (TOS - Star Trek: Assignment: Earth comic: "My Name Is Legion")

In 2152, the Enterprise (NX-01) encountered an automated repair station capable of cloning the bodies of living beings, which were then planted as corpses, allowing the station to abduct the genetic parents.(ENT episode: "Dead Stop")

In 2267, Captain James T. Kirk discovered the Bavaryans were creating clones, called "Doppelgängers". Bavarya's ability to make more clones was ended with the destruction of the last of the Forbidden Rooms. (TOS novel: Mission to Horatius)

The Parada produced clones called replicants, who had all the memories of the original person. These clones were often used by the Parada government to commit acts of sabotage against their opponents in their civil war. (DS9 episode: "Whispers")

Notable clones

External Links


This article uses material from the "Clone" article on the Memory-beta wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Starwars

Up to date as of February 04, 2010
(Redirected to Dopplegänger article)

From Wookieepedia, the Star Wars wiki.

Dopplegänger was a Force power that allowed a user to create a perfect illusion of his or herself through the Force.

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Characteristics

The caster could perceive all of the dopplegänger's senses, and to those interacting with it, the dopplegänger seemed real. The user could even interact with the world using telekinesis to move objects, furthering the believability of the illusion. The doppleganger could also be detected by all droid audio and video sensors. The doppleganger would fade away if the force-user was injured and ceased using the power. Dooku[1] and Luke Skywalker could use this ability.[2]

A Force Phantom was similar to a Dopplegänger, being that it was an astral projection of a being created through use of the Force, but it was a projection of something other than the user's own image. Force Phantoms were also most likely used only by the dark side, and usually exhibited corporeal properties and inflicted damage on living beings.

History

The only known creators of Force phantoms were the powerful and skilled darksiders Lumiya and Alema Rar, the former who created killer mynocks to attack Ben Skywalker and Nelani Dinn, and a phantom of the deceased Edela Klauskin before her unstable husband, Matric Klauskin. Lumiya also created phantoms of Mara Jade and Ben Skywalker to fight against "each other" - that is, the real Mara Jade's speech was channeled through the phantom across the galaxy to Ben and vice versa.

She did the same with Luke Skywalker and Jacen Solo, Alema having used them to project herself across the galaxy to combat the Solos and Zekk and Jag Fel. After many minutes of sustaining several Force phantoms, they both abruptly ceased and appeared to have been under great strain. It is possible that she learned the ability from Darth Vectivus who seemed to appear before in a similar fashion, although he may have been a Force ghost.

Also, a Dopplegänger of Darth Maul fought Darth Vader, but Vader emerged victorious. This happened again when Mara Jade fought a dopplegänger of herself while searching for Kyle Katarn.

Force phantoms should not be confused with Force Illusion, as the phantoms have physical attributes.

Behind the scenes

The German spelling is "Doppelgänger", but the use of the term in popular fiction varies. The Dungeons & Dragons games often use the Americanized spelling of "doppelganger."

Appearances

Sources

Notes and references

  1. Star Wars: The New Droid Army
  2. Star Wars: Dark Empire

This article uses material from the "Dopplegänger" article on the Starwars wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







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