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Dr Who

Up to date as of January 31, 2010
(Redirected to Clone article)

From TARDIS Index File, the free Doctor Who reference.

A clone is (usually) a biological copy of another biological entity. Clones can be produced to be exact replicas with short lifespans, as the Fourth Doctor did for himself and Leela at the Bi-Al Foundation. (DW: The Invisible Enemy) Or they can be clones of individual cells which are grown up into a useable organism, as Cassandra O'Brien did for herself following the destruction of the skin taken from the front of her body, on Platform One. (DW: New Earth)

Uses of Cloning

A clone of Martha Jones was made by the Sontarans to infiltrate the United Nations Intelligence Taskforce. The clone had a mental link with the real Martha and could therefore access her memories. If the link was broken, the clone would most likely not survive. The Sontarans used many clones to try and stop the Doctor from interfering with the conversion of the Earth's atmosphere and the subsequent invasion. (DW: The Sontaran Stratagem / The Poison Sky)

Using blood samples from the Sixth Doctor, The Forge operative known as Nimrod created a multitude of clones in order to discover the means of Time Lord regeneration. All these clones were of the Doctor's sixth incarnation which suggests that Time Lord blood changes completely during regeneration. None of the clones could regenerate, they only had a 10% chance of surviving birth, and would not live very long afterwards. Nimrod has since abandoned this project. (BFA: Project: Lazarus)

Races which use Cloning

The Sontarans are a clone race, making each Sontaran almost identical to the other. However, the Sontarans have altered their biology during their long war with the Rutans to make them more formidable in battle. (PDA: The Infinity Doctors)

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Memory-beta

Up to date as of February 02, 2010
(Redirected to Clone article)

Memory Beta, the wiki for licensed Star Trek content.

The second clone of Ibudan being created.

A clone is an organism that is a duplicate of another organism. Produced asexually, the clone has the same genetic structure as the original organism, but most methods result in genetic drift.

Contents

Cloning in Human history

An early, secret Human cloning project was conducted by Professor Eugene Eckhart of Illinois State University, with the help of United States Army General Cory, in order to create a new army of perfect soldiers to fight the war in Southeast Asia. This project was halted by Gary Seven, who noted that the professor's knowledge of the human genome was far beyond that of Earth of 1970. (TOS - Star Trek: Assignment: Earth comic: "My Name Is Legion") This information was later determined to have been provided by Counter Strike. (TOS - Star Trek: Assignment: Earth comic: "We Have Met the Enemy...")

Officially, the earliest experiments with cloning were performed on animals in the late 20th century. Livestock animals and household pets were commonly cloned into the 23rd century. (TOS novel: Prime Directive)

Cloning technology was also applied toward the creation of body parts, which could be transplanted following the failure or loss of an original. Doctor Leonard McCoy had several of his organs cloned and held in storage, which he then received after becoming seriously ill in 2294. (TOS novel: The Captain's Daughter) By the 24th century, biosynthetic limbs could be grown without the need for such advance preparations, as was done for Reannon Bonaventure after losing an arm in 2367 (TNG novel: Vendetta), Ensign Nog after losing a leg in 2375 (DS9 episode: "It's Only a Paper Moon"), and Captain David Gold after losing a hand in 2376 (SCE eBook: Breakdowns)

Cloning of whole human beings, however, was exceedingly rare -- Gary Seven once observed that humans were too socially primitive to deal with the philosophical implications, fearing the creation of a "Frankenstein monster." (TOS - Star Trek: Assignment: Earth comic: "My Name Is Legion") One of the few exceptions was on the planet Mariposa, where following the crash of their ship, the SS Mariposa, there were only five surviving colonists. With too few people to create a stable genetic base, they instead populated the colony by cloning themselves. However, after 200 years, the Mariposan society became endangered by the dangers of replicative fading, and were forced to abandon cloning as the method of reproduction. (TNG episode: "Up the Long Ladder")

The extremist group Terra Prime used a technique called binary cloning to combine DNA samples from human Charles Tucker III and Vulcan T'Pol to create a hybrid offspring. The technique was flawed, however, and the clone, named Elizabeth T'Les Tucker, died in infancy. (ENT episodes: "Demons", "Terra Prime")

In an effort to correct the timeline, Dr. Julian Bashir planned to clone two lifeless Cardassian bodies which had previously discovered embedded in a bulkhead of Deep Space Nine, and send them back in time to be discovered in the past. This plan proved unnecessary when two living Cardassians jumped through a time portal instead, fixing the apparent paradox. (DS9 novel: Millennium)

Cloning in other cultures

According to Gary Seven, cloning was common on most advanced worlds as of Earth's mid 20th century. (TOS - Star Trek: Assignment: Earth comic: "My Name Is Legion")

In 2152, the Enterprise (NX-01) encountered an automated repair station capable of cloning the bodies of living beings, which were then planted as corpses, allowing the station to abduct the genetic parents.(ENT episode: "Dead Stop")

In 2267, Captain James T. Kirk discovered the Bavaryans were creating clones, called "Doppelgängers". Bavarya's ability to make more clones was ended with the destruction of the last of the Forbidden Rooms. (TOS novel: Mission to Horatius)

The Parada produced clones called replicants, who had all the memories of the original person. These clones were often used by the Parada government to commit acts of sabotage against their opponents in their civil war. (DS9 episode: "Whispers")

Notable clones

External Links


This article uses material from the "Clone" article on the Memory-beta wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Fallout

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From The Vault

Gary clones

Cloning in biotechnology refers to processes used to create copies of DNA fragments (molecular cloning), cells (cell cloning), or organisms.

At least two of the Vault-Tec vaults were equipped with cloning technology. In Vault City, cloning is used to create replacement limbs and other organs for transplants. In Vault 108, another vault with a cloning lab, a man called Gary used it to create many hostile copies of himself.


This article uses material from the "Cloning" article on the Fallout wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Halo

Up to date as of February 08, 2010
(Redirected to Flash-Cloning article)

From Halopedia, the Halo Wiki

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Flash Cloning is a medical process used by the UNSC whereby human body parts are cloned. This usually involves a sample of a subject's DNA, which is used to grow a clone of an organ or body part, which can then be transplanted into the subject where the DNA came from. This way, organ transplants are faster and easier and the rate of success is far higher. Usually, the organ is programmed to grow at an accelerated rate, then to cease rapid development when transplanted into the subject. Therefore, the organ grows quickly and functions properly and efficiently. Since the organ contains the same subject's DNA, there is no threat of rejection by the body.

Human Cloning

While flash cloning entire humans is possible, it is by no means perfect, and it is illegal for someone who is unauthorized to do so. Doing so would result with severe and harsh punishments for violators, and is comparable to modern day child pornography in terms of severity. An embryo is taken and developed a hundred times faster than it would have naturally, becoming something different than it would have been. Many anomalies appear because flash clones are forced to develop too quickly - they have none of the muscle memory, the natural behavioral training most humans get observing people while growing up, of their hosts. They can be trained with intensive therapy to correct this, but after a month or two, they start to degenerate from metabolic instability in a process called "Metabolic Cascade Failure" until they die from various neurological and physiological diseases.[1]

After the future SPARTAN-IIs were kidnapped from their homes, they were replaced by flash clones, intended to explain the sudden disappearance of the SPARTAN-II candidates. Though the flash clones quickly died, they had succeeded in their purpose to draw attention away from ONI and therefore drawing the attention away from the kidnapping. The subsequent Spartan-III Program, based on orphaned children rather than kidnapped ones, was conceived this way also to avoid a repeated violation of bioethics, which was a minor drawback yet major criticism of the SPARTAN-II Program.

Usage for Creating AIs

As an actual human brain is required for the creation of a Smart AI, since a brain is essentially destroyed during the process of creating the AI, the brain of a deceased person is often used. However, Cortana was modeled after the brain of Dr. Catherine Halsey who was obviously still alive. By flash cloning Dr. Halsey's Brain they were able to provide a brain used for the mapping of the AI's "mind" with no undue effects to the donor.[2]

Sources

  1. Axon Clips Chapter 7
  2. Halo: The Fall of Reach, page 18

This article uses material from the "Flash-Cloning" article on the Halo wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Marvel Database

Up to date as of February 09, 2010
(Redirected to Glossary:C article)

From Marvel Database

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Contents

Canon

In the context of fiction, the canon of a fictional universe comprises those novels, stories, films, etc. that are considered to be genuine (or "official"), and those events, characters, settings, etc. that are considered to have inarguable existence within the fictional universe. Usually items that are considered canon come from the original source of the fictional universe while non-canon material comes from adaptations or unofficial items. Generally, Expanded Universes are not considered canon, though there are exceptions which are considered near-canon, or in the case of Star Wars, the Expanded Universe is considered full canon. In layman's terms, one could basically say that something that is canon is something that "actually happened" in that universe.

Marvel Universe Most, but not all, comic books published by Marvel Comics are set in a shared world known as the Marvel Universe. The canon for this world comprises all the comics not stated to be set in an alternate universe, except those specifically contradicted by later stories. The events may not have occurred exactly as shown, however, owing to the floating timeline (For instance, during the 1960s, Ben Grimm said he had fought in the World War II alongisde Nick Fury; during the 2000s, Grimm himself considered that the idea of him fighting in the World War II was ridiculous, as he would be much older).

Alternate universes in Marvel Comics include, for example, the "Ultimate" line of Marvel comics, which have their own canon independent of the core Marvel universe.

Appearances of the Marvel Comics characters in other media are not considered canon.

[top] [Edit Canon]

Catch phrase

A catch phrase is a phrase or expression that is spontaneously popularized after a critical amount of widespread repeated usage in everyday conversation (i.e., it "catches" on).

The trademark catch phrase Some catch phrases become the "trademark" or defining characteristic of the person or character with whom they originated. A notable example is the catch phrase "It's clobberin' time!", the trademark exclamation of the Thing

[top] [Edit Catch phrase]

Cestus

A Cestus is an ancient battle glove, sometimes used in pankration. In effect, it is the Classic World's equivalent to brass knuckles. Moon Knight often employs a Cestus forged with silver-tipped spikes as part of his crime fighting arsenal.

[top] [Edit Cestus]

Chitinous

Referring to chitin, a polysaccharide, often found in the outer shell of mollusks and insects. It forms a hard layer that contains and protects the inner components of the organism.

[top] [Edit Chitinous]

Chronokinesis

Chronokinesis is the ability to mentally alter time. With this ability, one could travel through time, control the speed of subjects' movement, slow down foes, and speed oneself up. One with this power could even accelerate or reverse the aging process on any subject one desires. This ability may also include the manipulation of space as well in accordance with the time-space continuum.

Chronokinetic Characters The following characters are capable of manipulating time through chronokinetic abilities.

[top] [Edit Chronokinesis]

Chronovore

A chronovore is a living creature who feeds on time.

Chronovores usually can be found "swimming" on the time streams or "immersed" under them. As the time flows through alternate realities, chronovores, like most of creatures, mainly follow one alternative at a time. However, they can alter time.

Chronovores sometimes reach one point in time and space, a coordinate, and nest there. From this moment, the chronovore physically exists in this moment and place. It would then take events and people from other points of history, to its current physical location or surroundings (Chronovores seem to share an interest with historians towards historically important people and events). As a result of chronovore's anomaly, the surrounding area will be flooded with anachronisms, such as cavemen, dinosaurs and people from the future, each coming from a different location (A chronovore does not need to be in Egypt to bring a pharaoh, for instance). This anomaly will be detected by some time-travelling technology.

Afterwards, the chronovore will try to eat those people and events. It will twist time and space so that all the surroudings will be nearer. This will affect geology in form of earthquakes. Once eaten, the events would repeat themselves inside the chronovore, probably with some anomalies caused by itself. Time cannot be utterly destroyed, or at least a chronovore cannot destroy time, but it can be modified and moved.

Some people eaten by the chronovore become a part of a historical event. Others accidentally end in the wrong event for them. Those people cannot move inside the chronovore because time does not really exist there, and thus movement is impossible. However, detecting the anachronism causes a psychic reaction in the chronovore, allowing some kind of transport.

Some have theorised that people inside a chronovore's brain could communicate with it.

The Chronovore of Dodge City

One certain chronovore created a perturbation in 1871, in a mountain near Dodge City. He began attracting events from past and future, including the armies of Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, Napoleon Bonaparte and the Krozzar (an alien species from the 21st century), as well as Albert Einstein and other individuals of lesser notoriety.

It was detected by some heroes from 1989 who had a time machine from the Orphu species. The heroes decided to go and investigate it. Twenty-one years before this, it had also been detected by Doctor Doom, who took a supply of androids and some hired super-villains (including Sandman, Mysterio, Black Knight and Scorpion) and went after it himself.

The chronovore began swallowing events, but Doctor Doom allied with the Krozzar and reached it. Doom eventually found its brain and wired a machine to it. He aimed to control the creature and then blackmail the people in it. However, the heroes and their ally, Professor Einstein, entered the chronovore and finally reached its brain. They found Doom and his lackeys, fought them and eventually defeated them.

Einstein understood that the machine was wired to the chronovore's brain. He could make the monster regurgitate the timeline, but in the process the chronovore would be killed. Eventually, they decided it was the best they could do for it.
(See Also: *The Weird, Weird West)
[top] [Edit Chronovore]

Clairvoyance

The ability to perceive things beyond the reach of the senses. The term is often used in a narrower sense as a synonym for precognition.

[top] [Edit Clairvoyance]

Clone

A living being created from the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) of another living being. Since the DNA within any cell of a living organism contains the cellular template for the entire organism, another whole organism can (theoretically) be grown from a single cell. A clone is physically identical to its parent organism, except that it lacks any changes that took place, such as scars, between the original organism's conception and the removal of its DNA. Normally, a clone is younger than the parent organism and posesses none of its memories. The science of cloning is practiced by exceedingly few genetics engineers on Earth today.

Known clones


[top] [Edit Clone]

Columbia Pictures

Some of the films based on Marvel Comics are produced by 20th Century Fox. They include:

[top] [Edit Columbia Pictures]

Comic book

A comic book is a magazine or book containing sequential art in the form of a narrative. Comic books are often called comics for short. Although the term implies otherwise, the subject matter in comic books is not necessarily humorous, and in fact its dramatic seriousness varies widely. The term "comics" in this context does not refer to [[wikipedia:comic strip}comic strip]]s (such as Peanuts or Dilbert). In the last quarter of the 20th century, greater acceptance of the comics form among the general reading populace coincided with a greater usage of the term graphic novel, often meant to differentiate a book of comics with a spine from its stapled, pamphlet form, but the difference between the terms seems fuzzy at best as comics become more widespread in libraries, mainstream bookstores, and other places.

Some of the earliest comic books were simply collections of comic strips that had originally been printed in newspapers, and it was the commercial success of these collections led to work being created specifically for the comic-book form, which fostered specific conventions such as splash pages. Long-form comic books, generally with hardcover or trade-paper binding came to be known as graphic novels, but as noted above, the term's definition is especially fluid. Like jazz and a handful of other cultural artifacts, comic books are a rare indigenous American art form, [1] [2] though prototypical examples of the form exist.

American comic books have become closely associated with the superhero sub-genre. In the UK, the term comic book is used to refer to American comic books by their readers and collectors, while the general populace would mainly consider a comic book a hardcover book collecting comics stories. The analogous term in the United Kingdom is a comic, short for comic paper or comic magazine.
(See Also: Graphic novel, Trade paperback)
[top] [Edit Comic book]

Continuity

Continuity is consistency of the characteristics of persons, plot, objects, places and events seen by the reader. In comic books, continuity has also come to mean a set of contiguous events, sometimes said to be "set in the same universe" (see crossover) or "separate universes" (see intercompany crossover).

[top] [Edit Continuity]

Cosmic Awareness

Enhanced consciousness giving a sentient being the sensation of oneness with the universe. This enhanced consciousness enables a mind to perceive information that is closed to the five physical senses.

[top] [Edit Cosmic Awareness]

Cosmic Beings

Creatures of often immense power. They are usually immortal and often have Cosmic parentage.
(See Also: List of Cosmic beings, and Category:Cosmic Beings)
[top] [Edit Cosmic Beings]

Cosmic Cube

An object created by the subversive scientific organization AIM to contain a powerful reality-changing energy- being. Earth's Cosmic Cube no longer exists, and the being within has hatched. There have been several variations of the Cosmic Cube, including an incomplete version which, in recent years, has been in the possession of the Red Skull.

[top] [Edit Cosmic Cube]

Cosmic Power

Energy derived from non-Earthly sources that the technologies of most sentient races cannot tap, and that is on a scale far beyond what most Earthly technology can tap or generate. Cosmic power is possessed by such entities as Galactus, the Silver Surfer, other Heralds of Galactus, and the Elders of the Universe. See also Power Cosmic.

[top] [Edit Cosmic Power]

Cosmic Radiation

History

Cosmic Radiation, also known as cosmic rays or cosmic particles, were initially believed to originate in radioactive isotopes found in the ground. This theory was disproven in 1912 by Victor Hess, who in 1936 received the Nobel prize in physics for his work. Hess used electroscope measurements taken at different altitudes from a hot air balloon to conclude that the radiation was cosmic in origin. Hess further showed that the sun could not be the primary source of cosmic rays by taking balloon measurements during a 1912 solar eclipse.

Particle physicists thought that they had discovered Yukawa's theoretical pion in cosmic rays in the late 1930s, but quickly learned that the particle they had found had the right mass but very wrong characteristics. They had actually discovered the muon, the cosmic ray secondary particle that is most copious at the surface of the Earth. Pions interact strongly with nuclei and because of this they very rarely make it to the surface of the Earth. Pions were eventually discovered in mountaintop cosmic ray experiments in 1947.

In 1938, Pierre Auger observed near-simultaneous cosmic ray events at widely separated locations. He concluded that they were due to incident particles whose energy was too high to penetrate the atmosphere. Such particles instead collide with nuclei in the atmosphere, initiating a particle cascade known as a cosmic ray air shower. The events Auger had observed were found to have energies ten million times higher than had previously been known.

Characteristics

Cosmic rays are extremely energetic particles, primarily protons , which originate in the sun, other stars and some of the violent cataclisms which occur in the far reaches of space. The cosmic ray particles interact with the upper atmosphere of the earth and produce showers of lower energy particles. Many of these lower energy particles are absorbed by the earths' atmosphere as they travel down to the surface. At sea level the cosmic radiation is composed mainly of muons , with some gamma-rays , neutrons and electrons .

Notes

(See Also: Fantastic Four #1, Cosmic Ray Enhanced Characters:

[top] [Edit Cosmic Radiation]

Cosmic Ray Exposure

Beings whose genetic code was manipulated by exposure to some kind of energy that exists naturally in space.
(See Also: Category:Cosmic Ray Exposure)
[top] [Edit Cosmic Ray Exposure]

Cosmic

Of a scale beyond that which is normal on Earth.

[top] [Edit Cosmic]

Crossover

Crossovers of multiple characters have been used to set an established continuity, where characters can frequently meet within one setting. This is especially true of in the Marvel Universe, as different characters frequently interact with one another since they live in the same "universe". For example, the X-Men have frequent dealings with another group of Marvel heroes, such as the Fantastic Four. In comic book terminology, these "guest star" roles are common enough that they are not considered crossovers. A crossover in comic book terms only occurs when a story spans more than one title. This has led to "crossover events", in which major occurrences are shown as affecting (almost) all the stories in the shared universe.

[top] [Edit Crossover]

Cryokinesis

Cryokinesis is the ability to reduce the kinetic energy of atoms and thus reduce temperature, often used to control, generate, or absorb ice.

For a list of characters who are cryokineticists, see Category:Cryokinesis.

Examples


[top] [Edit Cryokinesis]

Curtis Magazines

Curtis Magazines was a short lived imprint of Marvel Comics that existed from 1971 to 1975. The imprint published 68-page black and white magazines that did not carry the Comics Code Authority seal on them. Its name was derived from Marvel's distributor, Curtis Circulation, whose logo appeared on the magazines. The Marvel brand and logo did not appear anywhere on the cover or indicia, the only relation to the company being the publisher's name, Magazine Management, a name that the company stopped using in 1973 but was retained for the black and white magazines.

Marvel took advantage of this format to produce stories for a more mature audience, featuring mild profanity, partial nudity and more realistic violence. Most titles were anthologies, many of them featuring creator-owned material alongside regular Marvel characters. Sword and sorcery, science fiction, horror and crime fiction were the most prominent themes.

Titles published by the imprint included Savage Sword of Conan, Deadly Hands of Kung Fu and Dracula Lives, among others. Some of the titles continued to be published when the imprint was retired, in 1975. Savage Sword of Conan, in particular, was the longest lived Curtis title, lasting a total of 235 issues until 1994.

[top] [Edit Curtis Magazines]

Cybernetics

The comparative study of automatic control and communications systems, whether biological (e.g., the human nervous system) or artificial (e.g., computers). More narrowly, the term refers to the science of synthesizing mind and machine, and to the engineering problems involved in detecting thoughts in the brain and translating them into mechanical responses.

[top] [Edit Cybernetics]

Cyberpathy

Cyberpathy is the ability to psychically interact with computers and/or electronic equipment (this excludes non-electric machinery, such as guns and the average car). This is usually accomplished by psionically "reading" the computer's electronic impulses, or converting their own thoughts into electronic signals which they mentally transmit into the computer, or psychokinetically controlling the computer's circuitry

Examples

(See Also: Technopathy)
[top] [Edit Cyberpathy]

Cyborg

Cybernetic organism. A living being who contains cybernetic or bionic parts to replace and / or enhance physical parts. See Cyborg Characters.

[top] [Edit Cyborg]

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This article uses material from the "Glossary:C" article on the Marvel Database wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Starwars

Up to date as of February 04, 2010

From Wookieepedia, the Star Wars wiki.

This article is about the process of cloning. You may be looking for the song from Republic Commando.

Help me, <insert name here>. You're my only hope!

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Clone troopers being cloned on Kamino.
"Clones can think creatively. You will find that they are immensely superior to droids."
Lama Su

Cloning was the process of creating a genetically identical or purposefully and specifically modified copy of an original organism.

Contents

Overview

"With the same genetic structure plus a flash-learning pattern taken directly from the template, a clone should theoretically be completely identical to the original person. But despite that, they’re never exactly the same. Maybe some of the mental subtleties get blurred over in transition, or maybe there’s something else unique inside us that a flash-learning reader isn’t able to pick up."
Luke Skywalker to Mara Jade.

In order to create a clone, genetic material was required from an organic subject and were typically referred to as a Prime clone. Through this template, it was possible through a number of different techniques to create an exact physical replica of the subject. The process was capable of being used to create only a single copy or multiple ones. Furthermore, genetic engineering was capable of further altering the subject to either improve different traits.

A long standing argument in regards to cloning in addition to flash memory was whether the clone retained the thoughts, memories and thinking of its prime clone. Some believed, that in theory, the clone was identical to the original whilst others argued that experiences as well as perceptions differed amongst the clones.

Aside from these forms of cloning, other methods were used across the galaxy. Some cultures fully embraced the possibilities of cloning, most notably the natives of Khomm, who engineered a clone society, entirely eliminating natural reproduction. Khommite clones from the Dorsk lineage were active in the New Jedi Order.

Notable races that made use of cloning technology include:

History

Early development

"What can you teach a clone in a few months that a man takes a lifetime to learn?"
Emperor Palpatine to Darth Vader
Young clones of Jango Fett being educated in the Tipoca City Military Complex.

The art of cloning technology was developed by a number of civilizations in the galaxy. Some noted species that possessed the technology included the inhabitants of the worlds of Khomm, Lur, Ithor, Columus, as well as Arkania. One of the more infamous species to possess a great deal of knowledge of cloning were the cloners of the planet Kamino who were renown for their skill in the field. This species later taught their skill in cloning to the inhabitants of Polis Massa who used it to help develop an advanced medical and genetic research station on their homeworld. The insectoid people of the Roche asteroid field also made use of cloning to propagate their worker castes.

One of the largest acts of cloning was conducted by the Kaminoans who were responsible for the creation of several million clone troopers from the DNA of bounty hunter Jango Fett that made up the Grand Army of the Republic, prior to and during the Clone Wars. Maintaining a vast facility within Tipoca City, the soldiers were grown within cloning chambers and trained at the city's Military Complex. The first prototypes of these clones, known as the Null-class Advanced Recon Commandos—numbering twelve in all—were the subject of the Kaminoan's attempts to enhance Fett's genome. While the clones would possess photographic memory and perfect recall, and substantially bulkier frames as adults, half of the twelve did not survive the gestation period and the six who did were deemed uncontrolable by their creators. Only due to the intervention of Cuy'val Dar sergeant Kal Skirata, were the clones spared from being reconditioned—a fate which in this case would mean death.[1] Noting their perceived failure, the Kaminoans would go on to create one hundred Alpha-class Advanced Recon Commandos who possessed the exact same genetic makeup as Fett without any modifications except age acceleration. In addition, they also took DNA samples from Jedi Knight Falon Grey which they used to create twin Force-sensitive clones called X1 and X2.

Adult clones eating a meal in the Tipoca City Military Complex.

The standard troopers, though, were altered in ways that made them more susceptible to obeying orders (supplemented with rigorous behavior modification to instill and ensure loyalty to the Republic), more generally docile than Fett, and grow at an accelerated rate. Although the exact rate at which clones aged is unknown, it appears to be nearly twice as fast a naturally born human and it is theorized that this rate increased as clones aged—especially under stress—leading to a dramatic shortening of the clones' life expectancy.[2] Despite these modifications, the clone troopers could still think and act creatively and possessed a level of individuality unexpected by their Kaminoan creators. By the second year of the Clone Wars, Supreme Chancellor Palpatine had established a secondary cloning facility in secret on Coruscant's moon, Centax-2.[2] Under the supervision of an unknown clonemaster, the facility was operated by Arkanian Microtechnologies and used Spaarti cloning cylinders to produce fully matured clones within a year. Meaning that the clones were deployed when only 1 years old and no training at all.[2][3]

Boba Fett was also cloned from Jango Fett by the Kaminoans as part of the bounty hunter's price for becoming the army's prime clone. Viewed and treated as a son by Jango, Boba was completely unaltered in any genetic way, making him an exact physical duplicate of his father. Despite receiving none of the modifications his clone trooper "brothers" possessed, he would still experience the degradation of his DNA later in life due to the fact that he was a clone. At some point during the Clone Wars, Zeltron bounty hunter Vianna D'Pow commissioned a single clone of herself to be made by the Kaminoans.[4]

The Galactic Senate would later issue Decree E49D139.41, confining all military-purpose cloning to specifically licensed Republic facilities and banned all non-military cloning of sentients with the exception of the medical cloning on Khomm, Lur, Columus, and Arkania, although even they required a license and a case-by-case evaluation. The ban also prohibited the sale of cloning equipment, the hiring of cloning or genetic engineers with the intention of cloning, and the purchase of any cloned sentients.[2]

Bok and the Morgukai Shadow Army

The Separatists also attempted to create their own version of the Grand Army of the Republic which led to the Nikto Morgukai known as Bok being selected as a prime clone. This led to the creation of the Morgukai Shadow Army which were grown on the Outer Rim world of Saleucami. The Shadow Army was created to serve the Confederacy of Independent Systems, presumably grown from Spaarti cylinders, these clones were trained by Anzati assassins to counter the Republic's clone army. They would never make it off-planet, however, as the facility was destroyed following the Siege of Saleucami.[5]

Reign of the Empire

With the rise of the Galactic Empire, there were strict laws placed on cloning technology which led to attempts at seizing the examples of the science from civilizations. This included an attempt to confiscate agricultural as well as cloning technology from the Ithorians which led to a public act of terror against them. Later, Momaw Nadon used his knowledge of cloning to create a clone of Captain Alima after the Imperial Prefect was killed and Nadon decided to obey the Ithorian Law of Life where he created a clone replica of the Imperial officer.

The newly rechristened Imperial Army—specifically the Stormtrooper Corps—began to have clones made from several other genetic templates following a revolt on Kamino in which they unleashed a secret army of Fett clones trained to combat the Empire. Emperor Palpatine felt as though a group of genetically identical soldiers were too susceptible to corruption and thus the army became rapidly more diverse.[6] Among the new additions were clones of Emperor's Hand Sa Cuis, General Maximilian Veers, and later Baron Soontir Fel. By 9 BBY, the Stormtrooper Corps ceased using exclusively clone stormtroopers and they were joined in service by birth-born recruits and conscripts. Spaarti cylinders would remain the preferred method of cloning for the Empire even after Palpatine's death.

A cloning center operating during the Galactic Civil War

In 1 ABY, cloning technology was discovered in the Jedi Enclave on Dantooine. Similar to Spaarti cylinders in that they produced mature clones in a very short period of time, the cloning tanks were tended to completely by droids. The facility appeared to indiscriminately clone any being who entered it, collecting genetic material and even scanning the minds of those beings so that the clones could be implanted with memories. As a result, the clones were completely under the illusion that they were the individuals that they had been cloned from. The exact purpose behind this facility was not discovered. Darth Vader himself came to believe the technology found was what remained of research done by the ancient Jedi into cloning, however, it is unknown if there is any truth to this.[7]

Palpatine as well made several clones of himself that his spirit possessed after he was killed on the second Death Star. Before that, his clones were ravaged by the dark side and not the nurturing power of the Force. Each clone would age and die more quickly than the last. It wasn't until his plunge into the Death Star core that he enters energy state and emerged into another body. Four years later, during the World Devastator crisis, Luke made attempts to destroy Palpatine's clones, but only one remained until destroyed at Pinnacle Base. But there was an auxiliary facility, which dark side adepts attempted to kill, again, leaving only one.

Post Endor Period

A clone of Grand Admiral Thrawn.

Grand Admiral known as Thrawn rediscovered stockpiles of Imperial cloning technology at Mount Tantiss on Wayland that consisted of Spaarti cloning cylinders and used them as part of his campaign against the fledgling New Republic. This led to the start of the Thrawn campaign where he used the technology to create armies of soldiers to fight the Republic. In addition to this, a further plot by the Chiss Grand Admiral was attempts at creating potent soldiers for his forces which initially led to the creation of a clone of Grodin Tierce in order to merge an excellent physical specimen with Thrawn's own tactical brilliance but the experiment was a failure leading to only the creation of a intelligent soldier. In addition, Thrawn also secreted a hidden clone of himself placed in a secure region in the Hand of Thrawn on Nirauan. He placed a timer on the mechanism to realize the clone in a ten year timeframe and placed a flash learning programme designed to impart his own thoughts into the clone thus giving him the opportunity to be reborn in case he died in battle. During the Thrawn Crisis, Joruus C'baoth cloned Luke Skywalker using the hand Luke had lost on Cloud City. The clone was named Luuke Skywalker and was armed with Anakin Skywalker's lightsaber. In addition to cloning C'baoth and Skywalker, Thrawn also experimented with cloning several Force-users whose DNA was available to Palpatine's Empire including that of Kam Solusar. The identities and whereabouts of these force-users is currently unknown. Other potential clones may include Mara Jade, Lassin, or Lumiya.

Shortly after the crisis, the reborn Palpatine staged his return on the planet Byss where he attempted to destroy the New Republic. However, he faced problems as each of his clone bodies began to decay slowly after they were decanted. In addition, the Master Cloner was involved in an Imperial conspiracy orchestrated by Carnor Jax and his fellows to sabotage the cloning tanks used by the Emperor thus ending Palpatine's return. At the time of the Caamas Document Crisis, Luke Skywalker and Mara Jade discovered the hidden clone of Thrawn that was approaching maturation. However, the clone was killed during a flooding of the hidden chamber it was located in thus preventing his rebirth.

Ysanne Isard also produced a clone through unknown measures. She did this in order to be able to supervise the Lusankya prisoners herself and to be able to continue her leadership over Thyferra. The characteristic "pressure" caused by having a clone grown too rapidly may have contributed to her declining mental stability during the waning days of the Bacta War. Later, Grappa the Hutt along with the Black Sun created a clone of Feena D'Asta in order to influence the politics of the Imperial Ruling Council.

Later, during the Yuuzhan Vong War, the extragalactic invaders created Jedi killer beasts known as Voxyn and mass produced the creatures through cloning. The production of the creatures was conducted on a Worldship in orbit around Myrkr but was destroyed by the Jedi Myrkr strike team thus destroying the prime clone and ending any attempts at propagating the beasts.

By the time of the Second Galactic Civil War, much of the Kaminoan information had dispersed by the defections of scientists such as Taun We who fled to Arkanian Micro where they continued research on cloning.

Appearances

Kamino Clone Tanks.

Sources

Notes and references

  1. Republic Commando: Triple Zero
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Republic Commando: True Colors
  3. Order 66: A Republic Commando Novel
  4. One of a Kind (comic)
  5. Star Wars Republic: The Siege of Saleucami
  6. Star Wars: Battlefront II
  7. Galaxy of Fear: Clones

I find your lack of sources disturbing.

This article needs to be provided with more sources and/or appearances to conform to a higher standard of article quality.


This article uses material from the "Cloning" article on the Starwars wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Star Wars Fanon

Up to date as of February 04, 2010

The Star Wars wiki of fan invention.

"Clones can think creatively. You will find that they are immensely superior to droids."
Lama Su

Cloning was the process of creating a genetically identical or purposefully and specifically modified copy of an original organism. The Kaminoans of Kamino were known as the "master cloners", and their most notable achievement was the creation of the Clone Troopers of the Grand Army of the Republic prior to the Clone Wars.

Uses

"What can you teach a clone in a few months that a man takes a lifetime to learn?"
Emperor Palpatine to Lord Darth Vader

Kaminoan scientists maintained a vast Military Complex within Tipoca City, where tens to hundreds of thousands of clones were grown in Kamino cloning chambers and trained. The Kaminoans used growth acceleration techniques to double the rate of development in their clones, making them combat-ready within a decade following their creation. These clones had their genetic structures altered to suit the needs of their masters, and were thus independent yet fiercely loyal to their supreme commanders.

The Kaminoans also taught the Polis Massans the secrets of their cloning techniques, which helped develop an advanced medical and genetic research station on Polis Massa. Although the exact rate at which clones aged is unknown, it appears to be at least twice as fast as ordinary beings. There is speculation that this rate increased as clones aged, leading to a dramatic shortening of the life cycle. This was a primary factor forcing the Empire to compose their Stormtrooper Corps primarily of recruits and conscripts by 0 BBY. Clones, unlike Battle droids, could think and strategize, making them more creative and more effective, although this was not always the case.

Aside from these forms of cloning, other methods were used across the galaxy. Spaarti cloning cylinder were the preferred method refined by the Galactic Empire, and were later used by the rogue Fett clone: "Alpha O2" or "Spar" to create his own personal clone army on Wayland. Another form of cloning was performed by the Arkanian Microtechnologies, were able to clone hundred(s) of thousands of clones within 30 days, and successfully flash-train each of them, within half a year period. Studies indicate that if clones were bred to quickly, they clones would result in having Clone Madness, however, when administered the Ysalamiri Antidote, the antidote would instantly cure the symptoms, and allow the clone to function normally.

Grand Admiral Thrawn used Spaarti cloning cylinders to create a new clone army on Wayland. Some cultures fully embraced the possibilities of cloning, most notably the natives of Khomm, who engineered a clone society, entirely eliminating natural reproduction. Khommite clones from the Dorsk lineage were active in the New Jedi Order.

Individual cloning

"Cloning has many benefits."
Palpatine

Although cloning has provided benefits for creating a vast amount number of clones to fordge a clone army, individuals could create clones of themselves for their own reasons, modifying them to their desire and advantages.

Palpatine as well made several clones of himself that his spirit possessed after he was killed on the Second Death Star.

On Wayland, Joruus C'baoth cloned Luke Skywalker using the hand Luke had lost on Cloud City. The clone was named Luuke Skywalker and was armed with Anakin Skywalker's lightsaber. At the same time, in another storehouse on Wayland, the rogue Fett clone: "Spar", discovered another cloning facility containin hundred(s) of thousands(s) of Spaarti cloning cylinders and used them to create his own personal Fett clone army, being the 2nd Fett clone to create his own Fett clone army.

Boba Fett was cloned from Jango Fett by the Kaminoans. Unlike the other clones that were created from Jango, Boba was unaltered; he had no growth acceleration and was otherwise completely Human.

See also


This article uses material from the "Cloning" article on the Star Wars Fanon wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Transformers

Up to date as of February 05, 2010

From Teletraan I: The Transformers Wiki

Clone redirects here. For the G1 toy subgroup, see Clone (subgroup).
Cloning is the process of creating a living organism that is exactly (or nearly) identical to another living organism.

In the case of Transformers, clones are created in a number of different ways, and they need not be identical in both modes to be clones. Indeed the original Transformer Clones, Autobots Fastlane and Cloudraker, and Decepticons Pounce and Wingspan shared only their respective robot modes and had entirely different alternate modes.

Contents

Fiction

Marvel Comics continuity

Generation One cartoon

The Insecticons possessed cloning abilities that allowed them to create clones of themselves using metallic debris. Using this, they were able to increase their numbers from three to potentially hundreds of thousands. A Plague of Insecticons The Decepticons attempted to use the Insecticon clones to produce energon by having the Insecticons ingest organic food, but the Insecticon clones were destroyed by Morphobots. Quest for Survival

Beast Wars

He doesn't know how to quit his ex-lieutenant.

Megatron made a habit out of cloning things, especially in relation to his former lieutenant.

Dreamwave

It was established that Transformer clones such as Pounce, Wingspan, Fastlane, and Cloudraker were established by artificially replicating the process that normally leads to Transformer siblings and artificially splitting a spark as it is introduced to a protoform. These pairs are less well-balanced and more co-dependent than naturally occuring siblings.

After the Great Shutdown, Shockwave began research into cloning. He developed several clones of prominent individuals, using technology he had gained when Megatron struck a deal with the Quintessons over the Aerospace Extermination Squadron. When Optimus Prime and Ultra Magnus overthrew his regime, Shockwave's clones were not yet ready. The Battlechargers discovered his lab while looking for a CR chamber, finding several of the clones who had yet to be activated. However, the computers were processing the information that Shockwave had downloaded from Vector Sigma, spilling into whatever available memory it could find - including Sunstorm, a clone of Starscream. Generation One ongoing

Descent into Evil

Same as the G1 cartoon, except a lab was needed on Ceti Alpha Seven to do the cloning. When Deathsaurus perfected the process, the genetic matrices were all that he would need.

Too bad Ricochet contaminated all of them. Descent into Evil

Transformers Animated

Starscream apparently had a lot of time on his hands during the fifty solar cycles he spent looking for the All Spark, as he created literally hordes of clones of himself. A Fistful of Energon Five of these clones were given life using part of Starscream's All Spark fragment, and each represented an aspect of the original's personality -- cowardice, egomania, deception, flattery and ... something else. A Bridge Too Close, Part I

Trivia

Though not stated as such, the Shattered Glass continuity has a cloning process that is performed on Embers. The only known example was when Jazz and Ricochet were created. Though they were referred to as twins, this could still be seen as a crude means of cloning.


This article uses material from the "Cloning" article on the Transformers wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Yugioh

Up to date as of February 05, 2010

This article uses material from the "Cloning" article on the Yugioh wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







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