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Up to date as of February 02, 2010

From Your Subculture Soundtrack, the music encyclopedia

Originating Location: Italy, Greece, France, Turkey, Syria, Iberia and Egypt.

Originating Styles: Early Christian religious music, plainchant, folk styles, theater and market music, Greek and Roman music theory.

Originating Era: Between the 6th and 9th century.


Key Composers

Renaissance: Italy

  • Claudio Monteverdi
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

Baroque and Rococo: Germany, France and Italy

  • Johann Sebastian Bach
  • George Friderich Handel
  • Antonio Vivaldi

Early Classicism: Germany, Austria and Italy

  • Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach
  • Luigi Boccherini
  • Christoph Willibald Gluck
  • Joseph Haydn
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Late Classicism: Germany, Austria and Italy

  • Ludwig van Beethoven
  • Johannes Brahms
  • Frederic Chopin
  • Franz Schubert
  • Robert Schumann
  • Gioachino Rossini
  • Carl Maria von Weber

Early Romanticism: Germany, France and Italy

  • Hector Berlioz
  • Franz Lizst
  • Felix Mendelssohn
  • Niccolo Paganini
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
  • Giuseppe Verdi
  • Richard Wagner

Late Romanticism: Austria, Czechia and Russia

  • Antonin Dvorak
  • Edward Elgar
  • Evard Grieg
  • Gustav Mahler
  • Modest Mussorgsky
  • Sergei Rachmaninov
  • Jean Sibelius
  • Bedřich Smetana

Neoclassicism, Neoromanticism and Neobaroque: Britain, Russia, Germany

  • Béla Bartók
  • Aaron Copland
  • Paul Hindemith
  • Gustav Holst
  • George Lloyd
  • Carl Nielsen
  • Francis Poulenc
  • Sergei Prokofiev
  • Max Reger
  • Dmitri Shostakovich
  • Igor Stravinsky
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams
  • Heitor Villa-Lobos

Impressionism, Post-Romanticism and Expressionism: France and Austria

  • Louis Andriessen
  • Béla Bartók
  • Claude Debussy
  • Olivier Messiaen
  • Maurice Ravel
  • Erik Satie
  • Arnold Schoenberg
  • Igor Stravinsky

Minimalism: America and the Netherlands

  • John Adams
  • Louis Andriessen
  • John Cage
  • Philip Glass
  • Karel Goeyvaerts
  • Henryk Górecki
  • Arvo Pärt
  • Steve Reich
  • Terry Riley
  • Erik Satie
  • John Tavener
  • LaMonte Young

Populare form: America and Austria

  • Johann Strauss I (Waltz)
  • Johann Strauss II (Waltz and Operetta)
  • George Gershwin (Jazz and Operetta)
  • Ennio Morricone (Film)
  • John Williams (Film)

Key Albums

  • Igor Stravinsky - The Firebird Suite:Igor Stravinsky

Genre Description

Western Classical is the oldest type of "serious" music. It's a huge blanket term for basically all forms of court, church and upper-middle class music, and sometimes important popular composers. Classical music can be vocal; between song and operatic theater, or instrumental; solo instrument and big orchestral ensembles -- there are many classical pieces for solo piano, violin or harpsichord. Most people think that classical music was written centuries ago, but there is still classical music being written today, though usually for a much smaller market, unless it is in a romantic or classical style. A lot of 20th/21st Century classical, however, is much more experimental than it was before (But also much more fragmented), making it interesting for smaller groups of music specialists but not for a broader market.

Artists in this genre

This only includes artists for whom there are recordings.


  • Claudio Abbado
  • Leonard Bernstein
  • Sir Colin Davis
  • Bernard Haitink
  • Sir Neville Marriner
  • André Previn
  • Simon Rattle
  • Georg Solti
  • Georg Tintner
  • Pinchas Zukerman


  • Leif Ove Andsnes
  • Claudio Arrau
  • Vladimir Ashkenazy
  • Daniel Barenboim
  • Vladimir Feltsman
  • Vladimir Horowitz
  • Lang Lang
  • Maurizio Pollini
  • Sergei Rachmaninoff


  • James Ehnes
  • Fritz Kreisler
  • Jascha Heifetz
  • Victoria Mullove
  • Anne-Sophie Mutter
  • Isaac Stern


Labels in this genre

Further Reading

This article uses material from the "Classical" article on the Music wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.


Up to date as of February 02, 2010

This article uses material from the "Category:Classical Music" article on the Muppet wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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