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Up to date as of February 02, 2010

From Muppet Wiki

see also the character sketch
Design Team:
Ron Mueck • (designer)
Norman Tempia • (builder)

Candle was one of the "Dragon Time" puppets from Puppetman. Candle was described in the script as "an adorable baby dragon who talks with a bit of a lisp." Candle pops out of the clock tower to announcer "It's Dragon Time!" in the opening theme song. He doesn't resurface until late in the pilot episode, where Gary uses Candle to speak to his own son, Zack. Candle is the most child-like and innocent of the "Dragon Time" cast, though the pilot insufficiently defines his relationship to the rest.

Candle is a Hand-Rod Muppet. Though an original character sketch shows Candle in an oversized top hat, the final character is naked, perhaps reflecting both his infant-nature and his innocence.

This article uses material from the "Candle" article on the Muppet wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.


Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From EQ2i, the EverQuest II wiki

Tradeskill Fuel
Tier 1
Price 6c

This article uses material from the "Candle" article on the EQ2 wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.


Up to date as of February 07, 2010
(Redirected to Pierre Chang article)

From Lostpedia

"Pierre" redirects here. For other uses of "Pierre", see Pierre (disambiguation).
Dr. Pierre Chang
Dr. Pierre Chang
Portrayed by
First seen
Last seen
Appeared in
Mentioned in
Episode count
Centric episode(s)

Pierre Chang
Also known as
Marvin Candle
Edgar Halliwax
Mark Wickmund
Date of birth
Date of death
Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Theoretical astrophysicist, DHARMA Initiative
In Australia...
On the plane...
On the island...
Family members

S1 - S2 - S3 - MP - S4 - S5 - S6

Dr. Pierre Chang was a DHARMA Initiative theoretical astrophysicist from Ann Arbor, Michigan who appeared in orientation films for the different stations on the Island. He is the husband of Lara and the father of Miles, and in 1977, he made his family leave the Island to save them from the impending Incident. In the orientation films, he used various pseudonyms, including Dr. Marvin Candle, Dr. Mark Wickmund and Dr. Edgar Halliwax.


On the Island



Dr. Pierre Chang was a DHARMA Initiative astrophysicist living on the Island with his wife, Lara, and baby son, Miles.

Chang threatens Hurley with hard labor on the Hydra Island. ("Some Like It Hoth")

After the arrival of the new DHARMA recruits, Chang was tasked with taking Amy's place–because of her son's birth–at giving new members their jumpsuits and work duties. One of these newcomers was Jack Shephard, who was given the job of "Workman" based on his entrance exam. ("Namaste")

Two days later, adult Miles was asked to deliver a dead body to Chang at the Orchid station. At the station, Miles revealed to Hurley that Chang was his father; Miles himself discovered this information when his mother walked in line behind him at the cafeteria three days after the time shifts stopped. Dr. Chang was unhappy that Miles brought Hurley along, and angry that Hurley knew about the body. He threatened Hurley with the task of weighing polar bear feces on Hydra Island if he talked, but Hurley agreed to keep the secret. Miles and Hurley then gave Dr. Chang a ride back to Radzinsky at the Swan construction site. Along the way, Hurley kept dropping hints about the relationship between Miles and Pierre, which upset Miles. ("Some Like It Hoth")

Chang reads to his son, Miles. ("Some Like It Hoth")
Later at night, Chang was reading baby Miles a story, when the phone rang and informed him that scientists from Ann Arbor arrived via the submarine. As he walked outside, he found Miles (who was watching his baby-self and his father's bonding time), and asked him for a ride. The two arrived at the dock, and welcomed the scientists, along with Daniel Faraday. ("Some Like It Hoth")

The next morning, at 8:15 a.m., Chang woke up at his home in the Barracks next to his wife. He put on a record ("Shotgun Willie" by Willie Nelson) and gave baby Miles a bottle before getting ready for the day. Before he left, the record began to skip. Inside one of the buildings, he began shooting the first take of the second DHARMA Initiative orientation video, this time for the Arrow station, but was interrupted by a worker concerned about a problem at the Orchid.

Chang explains to Tony the basics of time travel. ("Because You Left")
Chang drove in a DHARMA van to the Orchid, still under construction, where underground excavators destroyed six drill heads trying to drill into a seemingly impenetrable wall of rock. The foreman told Chang that there was an open chamber behind the wall, and showed him an ultrasound print-out which revealed that there was something behind the wall. Chang disclosed to the foreman that an incredible amount of energy was sealed on the other side of the wall, almost limitless, and enough to make space and time travel possible. Chang told the foreman to do nothing more to the wall because the energy could be harmfully released by doing so. As Chang left the tunnel, he bumped into Daniel Faraday. ("Because You Left")

After bumping into Chang, Daniel approaches him. He asked Pierre to order the evacuation of everyone on the island, claiming that in a matter of hours, the scientists at The Swan would drill into the electromagnetic anomaly, releasing an energy 30,000 times more powerful than that found in The Orchid. When Chang refused to believe him, Faraday told him that he was from the future. He attempted to back up his claims by showing Chang equations from 20 years in the future, and tried to get Miles to admit to Chang that he was his son, and that he had traveled back in time with Faraday. Chang refused to believe Daniel, and when Miles denied being Chang's son, Chang left. ("The Variable")

Chang tests Hurley on his knowledge of American history. ("Follow the Leader")

Chang followed Hurley, Miles and Jin and encountered them on their way back to the beach. He asked if they're really from the future. Hurley denied it. To determine the truth, Chang quizzed Hurley with questions relevant to 1977. Hurley struggled with the answers, being unsure of his birth year, the current president of the U.S., or whether the Korean War was a real event. Flustered, Hurley finally admitted that he's from the future. He asked Miles if it is true that he is his father, and Miles reluctantly affirmed that he is. Having confirmed his suspicions Chang revealed that he now believes what Daniel told him about needing to evacuate the entire Island.

Chang returned to the Barracks to see Horace and stumbles on the bloody and bruised Sawyer. He told Horace, Radzinsky and the others to stop the drilling at The Swan and ordered to evacuate the Island.
Chang orders Lara to leave the Island with their son. ("Follow the Leader")
However, Radzinsky angrily insisted on continuing the drilling and when Chang appealed to Horace, Radzinsky claimed that he would be in charge now. Sawyer agreed with Chang and proposed a deal to Radzinsky: if he and Juliet could leave the Island with the submarine, he would tell Radzinsky everything he wants to know. As a result, he demanded that Sawyer draws a map of the position of the Hostiles. Sawyer and Juliet were then taken away to the sub.("Follow the Leader")

Chang also ordered his wife and son to leave the Island as part of DHARMA's evacuation. Miles and Lara left the Island without Pierre. Years later on her deathbed, Lara told Miles that his father kicked them out when he was a baby and that he had been dead for a long time. ("Some Like It Hoth")

Chang headed to The Swan site, to demand the shutting down of the drill because of the potential dangers of hitting the pocket of energy. Radzinsky, who had arrived there previously, refused to stop the drilling. Chang attempted to turn off the drill, telling Radzinsky that the drill was growing too hot, but Radzinsky switched it back on, saying that they had enough water to cool the drill down.
Miles saves an injured Chang during the incident. ("The Incident, Parts 1 & 2")
Chang was continually concerned at the readings the drill produced, showing huge spikes in power and energy. When Jack approached the Swan site, Phil and the security team began firing at him. Kate, Juliet, Miles, and Sawyer came to his aid, and Pierre assisted them by taking Radzinsky's gun and holding it to his head. Pierre again attempted to shut off the drill, but he was unable to. Eventually the drill hit the pocket of energy, and the Earth below started rumbling. Objects (seemingly all made of metal) started to be dragged into the hole. After Jack dropped the bomb, which had failed to detonate on impact, he tried again to stop the drill. However, the pocket of energy dragged the entire drill down into the hole, crushing his left arm in the process. Miles helped him free his arm pinned under the beams, and Chang fled the site. ("The Incident, Parts 1 & 2")

DHARMA Orientation Videos


Chang usually wore professional looking attire for his videos, often including a lab coat. The lab coat featured either a Flame or Swan logo.

In the Pearl video Chang appeared to have use of his left arm; however, in the Swan and Flame films, he did not, probably due to his arm being trapped during The Incident. In the Barracks video, he did not move his left arm, suggesting it might have been a cosmetic device. In the Orchid Orientation video, he was using both his arms. Since the Barracks and The Flame were already constructed at the time of The Incident, and only The Orchid and The Swan appeared to be under construction, it is possible that videos for these were re-shot at some point afterward. ("The Incident, Parts 1 & 2")

It is unknown why he used a different name in each film in which he introduced himself. Portions of all his false names relate to candles (candle, wick, wax).

Swan orientation film

Chang as Dr. Marvin Candle in the Swan Orientation film. ("Orientation")

Chang first appeared in an orientation film bearing a 1980 copyright and found in the Swan station. He introduced himself as Dr. Marvin Candle, and gave a brief history of the DHARMA Initiative and Alvar Hanso. Chang stressed to DHARMA employees the importance of pushing the button to avoid another "incident" ("Orientation"). A part of the film was edited by Radzinsky, Kelvin Inman's partner, where Chang warns not to use the Swan computer for anything but entering the numbers. ("What Kate Did")

Pearl orientation film

Chang as Dr. Mark Wickmund in the Pearl Orientation film. ("?")

Chang's next appearance was in the Pearl orientation film bearing a 1980 copyright, where he introduced himself as Dr. Mark Wickmund. The DeGroots couple was mentioned again. Chang stated that the personnel at another station were the subjects of a psychological experiment. He did not identify the other station during his presentation. Chang also explained how the pneumatic tube works, and introduced the Pala Ferry and the Barracks. Later, the Survivors came across the Capsule dump. The proliferation of apparently ignored capsules at the dump suggested that the personnel at the Pearl were the true experimental subjects or that the DHARMA staff stopped collecting the capsules. ("?")

Flame film

Chang in the Flame film. ("Enter 77")

Chang appeared in a random access video on the computer at the Flame station (accessed by beating a chess game) which allowed the manual override of various system functions. This video was not an orientation; it was a procedures explanation, including a procedure for initiating a self-destruct sequence at the Flame in the event of an incursion by the Hostiles. In this video, the DHARMA lab coat Chang was wearing featured a Flame logo. The end of the video was not seen and the copyright date is unknown. Chang did not introduce himself. ("Enter 77")

Barracks orientation film

Chang in the Barracks video. ("The Man Behind the Curtain")

An orientation video, apparently shown to new members of the DHARMA Initiative starting in the 1970s, was also narrated by Chang, who cautioned the importance of remaining within the sonar fence surrounding the Barracks for protection from the "wildlife" of the island. ("The Man Behind the Curtain") Chang was wearing a lab coat, bearing what appears to be the Swan logo. He gestured with his right hand and it is highly likely that his left arm was mobile as this video was likely one of, if not the, first orientation filmed and was filmed prior to the Incident. He did not introduce himself.

Orchid orientation film

Chang as Dr. Edgar Halliwax in the Orchid film. ("There's No Place Like Home, Parts 2 & 3")

At the Orchid Station, Ben shows Locke an orientation video, where Chang describes the station's purpose, having to do with the Casimir effect. He conducted an experiment involving rabbits, which was cut when the video started rewinding without any explanation. In this film, Chang introduces himself as Dr. Edgar Halliwax. Ben uses Chang's parka, with the name Halliwax on it, to go down to the frozen room beneath the vault. ("The Shape of Things to Come")  ("There's No Place Like Home, Parts 2 & 3")

Arrow orientation film

Chang during the shooting of the Arrow film. ("Because You Left")

Pierre Chang was seen recording this orientation film. He introduced himself as Dr. Marvin Candle, again. He wears a lab coat bearing the Swan logo. He stated that the purpose of this station was to gather intelligence and devise defensive strategies against the Island's hostiles. He was interrupted before he could finish the orientation film. ("Because You Left")

Outside of Lost episodes

DVD bonus features

Dr. Pierre Chang in Season 2 Bonus DVD

He hosted the Lost Season 2 Bonus Features Disc, and was not shown with a prosthetic arm, although this was not necessarily canon.

Comic Con 2007

In late July 2007, a new orientation video was shown at Comic Con and released on ABC's Lost website for the Orchid, in which Chang appears, referring to himself as "Edgar Halliwax." In this deleted "blooper" from the orientation film, he is about to explain the purpose of the Orchid station when a catastrophe causes the filming to be cut short.

Comic Con 2008

Chang's message from the past

On July 26, 2008 at Comic Con, a video shot by DHARMA recruit, Dan Bronson, was shown during the Lost panel which had a video of Chang talking to Comic Con audiences in the present from 30 years in the past, stating that he knew George W. Bush is the president, information is exchanged via the Internet, and that this information came from a reliable source. During this video, Chang stated that he was recruited to the island to study the Kerr Metric solutions to Einstein's Field Equations. He also knew that the entire DHARMA Initiative—including himself—would be killed in a "purge" (which he said they were "powerless to stop"), and claimed it was imperative that the DHARMA Initiative be reconstituted to finish the important work he and his colleagues had been engaged in. The unidentified man filming him argued with Chang, saying "This is useless!" and eventually turned the camera off.

In an August 9, 2008 email, Hans Van Eeghen of DHARMA reported to DHARMA recruits that a security breach had occurred at Comic Con 2008 his message included the following statement:

"The DHARMA Initiative must stress that the video material leaked at Comic-Con 2008 was viewed entirely out of context. Furthermore, the way in which the material was presented utterly distorted its significance and credibility as scientific data."

The producers of the show later declared that this video related to a storyline that was eventually not used on the show, therefore making the video non-canon.


  • Pierre is a fan of country music.
  • In "There's No Place Like Home", Ben wears a jacket with the name Halliwax, presumably Chang's, printed on it when he goes to turn the Frozen wheel.
  • Out of all the main characters, he has been shown meeting Jack, Miles, Hurley, Daniel, and Jin. He has seen Kate, Juliet and Sawyer (who he knows as LaFleur) but has not been shown speaking to them.
    • He, at least, knew Charlotte when she was a child because she told Dan before his death that she knew who Dr. Chang was.
    • Dr. Chang has met two different ages of his own son, Miles when he was an infant, and the adult Miles who works for the DHARMA Initiative as a security officer.
  • Several characters have been shown the orientation films, which he narrated:
  • Despite the character's importance to the storyline, François Chau is never credited for his portrayal.


  • One call sheet (Image) for "?" labeled Dr. Pierre Chang "DR. WAXMAN/CANDLE".
  • He has worn a Swan logo coat or a Flame logo coat in every video except one in which he wore a turtle-neck and sport-coat.
  • "Marvin," a variant of "Mervin" is of Welsh origin, meaning "sea friend". Some derive this name from Myrddin, the Welsh name of King Arthur's wizardly tutor (known in English as Merlin), a name that means "sea fortress".
  • The last names "Candle," "Wickmund" and "Halliwax" are each references to candles.
    • Candles are among the most primitive time-keeping devices.
  • In physics, Wick rotation is a method of finding a solution to a problem in Minkowski space.
  • Pierre is the French form of "Peter".
    • "Peter" is derived, via Latin "petra", from the Greek word πετρος (petros) meaning "stone, rock". (The word for "stone" in French is also "pierre".)
    • St. Peter is one of Twelve Apostles that Jesus chose. St. Peter is often portrayed in art holding the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven. The Kingdom of Heaven is often called "The Pearly Gates."
    • Peter was the name Jesus gave fisherman Simon, calling him the Rock of the Church, thus, the first Pope.
  • He shares the surname "Chang" with one of Francois Chau's previous roles in Wing Commander III: Heart of the Tiger and Wing Commander IV: The Price of Freedom as "Winston 'Vagabond' Chang", who had a dark history involving assisting Dr. Philip Severin, a scientist who had a shady conscience working on top secret government projects.
  • Francois is the French version of the first name of pilot Frank J. Lapidus. Lapis and petra are Latin synonyms.


  • Michael Faraday (i.e., Daniel's namesake) gave famously popular lectures titled, "The Chemical History of a Candle".
  • In all of his real-life appearances (i.e. non-DHARMA videos), Chang appears to be very irritable: he grumbles about the disorganization of the inductions team at the Orientation office, is visibly angry when his Arrow video filming is interrupted, and in the Orchid, snaps at Daniel Faraday who accidentally bumps into him, though he has been seen as reading, playing, and laughing with Miles as an infant.
  • The scenes from the Swan station Orientation film were shot on the APO set from seasons 4 and 5 of Alias in Burbank, California, by the Alias crew. The Pearl film was shot in Hawaii. (Source: Francois Chau Interview, The Tailsection, Comparisons at Lost Virtual Tour)
  • The word "Namasté", which is spoken at the end of each of the DHARMA Initiative videos at each station on the island, along with the action of bowing with hands pressed together, can be explained in several ways (see also the main article):
    • 1. Namasté is the formal and traditional greeting and the way of saying both "goodbye" and "hello" in Hindi.
    • 2. "Namas" means "I bow", and "té" means "you"; thus, "Namasté" literally means "I bow (to) you," or more faithfully translated means "I bow to the God within you."
    • 3. Also explained as meaning, in a broad way "you and I share an understanding" as well as wishing someone positive spiritual influences.

Unanswered questions

Unanswered questions
  1. Do not answer the questions here.
  2. Keep the questions open-ended and neutral: do not suggest an answer.
More details...
For fan theories about these unanswered questions, see: Pierre Chang/Theories
  • What happened to Chang after Juliet detonated Jughead?
  • Why does he use multiple aliases?
    • Why do his aliases all refer to candles (Halliwax, Wickmund, Candle)?
  • Why would the DHARMA Initiative need an astrophysicist to help change the "core values" of the Valenzetti equation?

This article uses material from the "Pierre Chang" article on the Lostpedia wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.


Up to date as of February 07, 2010

From the RuneScape Wiki, the wiki for all things RuneScape


A Candle is a Firemaking item which can be purchased from the general store in Keldagrim, the Candle Shop in Catherby, the Tai Bwo Wannai or Shilo Village shops on Karamja, other players, or the candle seller near the Lumbridge Swamp Caves entrance, who charges 1,000 coins.

A player can also steal a candle from north of the altar in the Entrana church with level 20 Thieving. There is also a lit candle spawn on the ground floor of the Watchtower in Yanille, second floor of the Sword Shop in Varrock, or the Monastery south of Ardougne.

Candles need to be extinguished before they can be traded or sold.

Most candles are white, but there is also a black candle used during Merlin's Crystal quest, obtained from the Candle Maker in Catherby.

When lit with a tinderbox, it is used to enter dark dungeons like the Lumbridge Cellar cave and the Mole Dungeon. Lit candles will not stay lit forever and will eventually go out; it is advisable to always carry a tinderbox when using a candle for a light source.

Players who enter the Lumbridge Swamp Caves with candles should be careful, as they tend to ignite swamp gas in certain areas. The explosion will extinguish the candle, cause about 15 hitpoints worth of damage, and leave players at the mercy of whatever lurks in the dark until the candle is relit.

Candles are also used in various quests such as Enlightened Journey and Enakhra's Lament .

Candles are also used to make origami balloons, which is possible after the Enlightened Journey quest.

This article uses material from the "Candle" article on the Runescape wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.


Up to date as of February 05, 2010
(Redirected to Candlestick article)

From TibiaWiki

This item is in the Tools and other Equipment class
Attributes: Provide a small amount of light
Weight: 3.00 oz.
Loot value: 2 gp.
Dropped by: Elf Arcanist, Dharalion, Banshee, Warlock.
Buy from: Ahmet (Ankrahmun) 2 gp

Beatrice (Edron) 2 gp
Bezil/Nezil (Kazordoon) 2 gp
Halif (Darashia) 2 gp
Nienna (Meluna) 2 gp
Shiantis (Venore) 2 gp

Sarina (Carlin) 3 gp
Sell to: Players.
Notes: Rarely used, provides light for a short period of time. Mainly, for those purposes, players use a torch. Also is used to light a pumpkin once carved. It can also be combined with a skull to make a Skull Candle. Can be put in cakes. When is used-up, the candlestick weighs 2.50 oz.

See also: Items.
Add historical information about this item.
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This article uses material from the "Candlestick" article on the Tibia wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.


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