In 1970, Roberta Lincoln suggested to her lover, Curtis A. Wellborn, that he emigrate to Canada in order to avoid serving in the United States Army and being deployed to fight in Southeast Asia. (TOS - Star Trek: Assignment: Earth comic: "My Name Is Legion")
A number of Star Trek authors live in or are originally from Canada:
|Earth states, organizations and geographical regions|
|Planetary State||United Earth||International organizations||United Nations • New United Nations|
|Africa||Pan-African Alliance||African Confederation (Somalia) • Egypt • Madagascar • Mali • Senegal • South Africa • United States of Africa (Kenya)|
|Asia||Eastern Coalition||China • India • Japan • Kazakhstan • Korea • Malaysia • Mughal Empire • Pakistan • Russia • Soviet Union • Singapore • Thailand • Tibet|
|Europe||European Alliance • European Hegemony • European Union • Mediterranean Alliance||Belgium • Czechoslovakia • Denmark • France • German Democratic Republic • Germany • Gibraltar • Greece • Hungary • Iceland • Ireland • Italy • Netherlands • Norway • Poland • Portugal • Roman Empire • Serbia • Soviet Union • Spain • Switzerland • Turkey • Ukraine • United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales) • Yugoslavia|
|Middle East||Muslim Bloc||Arabia • Iran • Iraq • Israel • Lebanon • Turkey|
|North America||Caribbean Alliance||Canada • Confederate States of America • Cuba • Jamaica • Mexico • Panama • Puerto Rico • Tobago • Trinidad • United States of America|
|Oceania and Antarctica||Australia • Easter Island • Indonesia • New Zealand • Norfolk Island • Pitcairn • Solomon Islands|
|South America||Brazil • Chile • Venezuela|
Canada is a country occupying the northernmost portion of North America, and is the world's second largest country in total area. A number of Henson/Muppet productions have been filmed there:
The Canadian co-production of Sesame Street, initially known only as "Sesame Street Canada", was rechristened Sesame Park in 1996, with new Muppets and framing footage made specifically for the Canadian market.
The Ministry of Education for the Canadian provice of Ontario commissioned the creation of a type of computer called the UNISYS ICON. Ernie's Big Splash was reprogrammed for this platform.
The Gemini Awards are the Canadian equivalent of the Emmy Awards, honouring the best in Canadian-made television. Fraggle Rock, Down at Fraggle Rock: Behind the Scenes, Jim Henson's Dog City, and Sesame Park have each won, or won and been nominated for Geminis.
The Toronto Santa Claus Parade is an annual tradition, and has featured appearances from Sesame Street cast members.
|Flag and abbrev.||CAN|
|Population||31,612,897 (as of 2006)|
|National team||Team Canada|
|National federation||Hockey Canada|
|IIHF ranking||1st (+1)|
|Top league||National Hockey League (NHL)|
|Current champion||Montreal Canadiens*|
Hockey is hugely popular in Canada, to the point of having been named the official national sport. Currently, the top league in the country is the National Hockey League (a league established in both Canada and the United States. Despite the immense popularity of the sport in the country and the large number of top-level pro players, paradoxally, professional hockey is not very developped. The NHL only has 6 canadian teams out of its 30 members; the country has other teams in minor North American professional leagues, but there too, they are under-represented comparatively to the U.S.-based teams. The lack of large enough cities and potential investors, along with the high level of taxation in Canada are usually regarded as the main causes of the situation. The country, however, has some very strong semi-professional and amateur leagues.
Ice hockey in the country is governed by Hockey Canada.
Ice hockey appeared in Canada early in the 1800s. The original game was pretty much adaptation to European sports of hurley, shinty or field hockey to the winter conditions of the new home of Irish, Scottish and English settlers, respectively. In 1825, Sir John Franklin wrote that "The game of hockey played on the ice was the morning sport" while on Great Bear Lake during one of his Arctic expeditions. In 1843, a British Army officer in Kingston, Ontario, wrote "Began to skate this year, improved quickly and had great fun at hockey on the ice." A Boston Evening Gazette article from 1859 makes reference to an early game of hockey on ice occurring in Halifax in that year. Games in Kingston and Halifax are the earliest recorded hockey games.
While both Kingston and Windsor, Nova Scotia have been claimed by individuals at one point or another as the birthplace of hockey, Montreal is usually acknowledged as the birthplace of modern ice hockey. On March 3rd 1975, a group of students of McGill University in Montreal played the first organized indoor game at the Victoria Skating Rink. This is the earliest eyewitness account known of a specific game of hockey in a specific place at a specific time, and with a recorded score, between two identified teams. Two years later, several McGill students, including James George Aylwin Creighton, Henry Joseph, Richard F. Smith, W.F. Robertson, and W.L. Murray codified seven ice hockey rules.
The sport quickly gained in popularity and official hockey clubs began to appear. The first was the McGill University Hockey Club in 1877; in 1881, the Montreal Victorias were founded. The sport was featured in Montreal's annual Winter Carnival from 1883; McGill won the first "Carnival Cup". In 1886, the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada was founded as a league for the teams that took part in the carnivals.
In 1888, Lord Stanley of Preston, the new Governor General of Canada, attended the Montreal Winter Carnival and watched hockey games. He was impressed by what he saw on the ice, and his sons and daughter became hockey enthusiasts. Four years later, after noting the lack of recognition for the best club in the country, he purchased for a reported ten guineas a decorative bowl to silversmiths from Sheffield intended as a trophy. The bowl, initially known as The Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup and more famously later as the Stanley Cup, was first awarded in 1893 to the Montreal HC. If it was originally intended as a challenge cup for champions of various leagues across the country, it became the de facto championship trophy of the National Hockey League in 1926, and de jure in 1947.
In 1904, International Professional Hockey League(IPHL) was formed in the United States. That league boasted the first professional team from Canada, the Canadian Soo. The league hired amateur players from Canada ; that forced canadians to move from amateurism to professionalism as well, in order to keep their top players in the country. The Manitoba Professional Hockey League holds the distinction of being the first league to go professional in the country, in 1905; that league was essentially made out of the teams of the amateur Manitoba Hockey Association.
On the international level, Canada is very competitive, continuously ranked in the elite of the world and part of the Big Seven.
A very large number of very great talent have come from Canada through the years; they have, at every moment of the history of the NHL, outnumbered the number of American and European players, even though the country only has six franchises out of thirty within its boundaries. Among the very best players to date are:
|Ice hockey in Canada|
|National Hockey League Calgary Flames • Edmonton Oilers • Montreal Canadiens • Ottawa Senators • Toronto Maple Leafs • Vancouver Canucks|
|American Hockey League Hamilton Bulldogs • Manitoba Moose • Toronto Marlies|
|ECHL Victoria Salmon Kings|
|Canadian Hockey League (Ontario Hockey League, Quebec Major Junior Hockey League, Western Hockey League)|
|Men's Canadian National Team • Women's Canadian National Team|
|Alberta - British Columbia - Manitoba - Newfoundland and Labrador - New Brunswick|
| Nova Scotia - Ontario - Prince Edward Island - Québec - Saskatchewan
|Territories: Northwest Territories - Nunavut - Yukon|
|Contents:||Top 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z|
The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 347 total.