|Location:||Large areas of the Delta Quadrant and areas of the rest of the galaxy|
|Capital:||Unicomplex/Arehaz (origin point)|
|System of government:||Totalitarian Dictatorship (Technological Mind Control via Hive Mind)|
|Head of state:||The Hunger/Sedín|
|Head of government:||Borg Queen|
The Borg Collective was the collective consciousness of the Borg.
The Collective's primary goal was to bring order to chaos, to achieve biological and technological perfection by assimilating unique and more advanced attributes from other races, and at the same time help share the Borg's increasing perfection by adding said assimilated species to the Collective. (TNG novelization: Star Trek: First Contact)
The Borg's desire to obtain perfection led them to go to great efforts when they encountered something they considered especially worthy of assimilation; Invading fluidic space to try and assimilate Species 8472 which they considered the pinnacle of biological perfection. Or chasing sensor ghosts on Lythos Prime when they believed they had found a hybrid carbon/silicon-based lifeform (in fact jumbled readings of Humans and Horta). (VOY episode: "Scorpion"; ST comic: "A Rolling Stone Gathers No Nanoprobes")
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The Collective was structured around the hive mind which interconnected each drone via the neural interlink frequency generated by the Vinculum at the heart of every Borg vessel. (VOY episode: "Infinite Regress")
The Collective was divided into organizational sub-sections, the largest being the unimatrix and further subdivisions being the trimatrix and adjunct. (VOY episodes: "Dark Frontier", "Unimatrix Zero", "Endgame")
The Borg Collective first came into existence in 4527 BCE. That year, the temporally displaced Caeliar known as Sedin forcibly bonded with three Humans from the 22nd century: United Earth Starfleet Lieutenants Karl Graylock and Kiona Thayer and United Earth MACO First Sergeant Gage Pembleton in a bid to survive the destruction of the Caeliar city-ship Mantillis in the frozen antarctic wastelands of Arehaz in the Delta Quadrant. Reduced to a state of pure hunger after having murdered her Caeliar compatriots, Sedin used her catoms to possess the minds and bodies of the Humans, transforming them in the first drones. Upon the arrival of a Kindir icebreaker later that year, the Sedin and the Collective targeted Arehaz for assimilation.
In consequence of the final free thought of Lieutenant Graylock imprinting upon the Collective consciousness, the new collective entity referred to itself as the Borg. (Star Trek: Destiny novel: Lost Souls.)
Apart from some limited exploration the Borg presence remained mostly in Delta Quadrant until the mid-24th century when they encountered a Federation starship and began to target Humanity. After that first contact, the Collective quickly established itself as a major threat to the races of the Alpha and Beta Quadrants in the numerous incursions and assimilation attempts that followed.
The Borg Collective is the term used to refer to the collective consciousness of the Borg. It is considered the governing body of the Borg, though there are no true leaders within the Collective. The Borg Queen serves in some form of leadership role, but the exact role is unknown.
The majority of the Collective was primarily located in the Delta Quadrant. The actions of an alternate timeline iteration of Kathryn Janeway that took place during the USS Voyager's return to the Alpha Quadrant caused severe damage to the Collective and the Unicomplex, considered to be the "capital" of the Collective.
In Remington continuity, Admiral Janeway's actions were believed to have completely destroyed the Collective. It is not known what happened to the individual drones and ships after the collective consciousness was terminated.