20th century: Misc


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Dr Who

Up to date as of January 31, 2010

From TARDIS Index File, the free Doctor Who reference.

On Earth, the 20th century was one of the most turbulent, violent, yet progressive centuries in the planet's history. Between major conflicts including the First and Second World Wars, humankind began to explore beyond their homeworld for the first time, and also began to make huge leaps in technological advancement. It was also during the 20th century that many world governments officially learned of the existence of extraterrestrial lifeforms (although few in the general public would know of this until the beginning of the 21st century). The Torchwood Institute, founded in the 19th century, began to gain power and influence in this century, while several attemped alien invasions resulted in the formation of the United Nations Intelligence Taskforce.

The Doctor has had a great affinity for this century, having lived for several years during this time period as an exile from Gallifrey (during his third incarnation) and again for a number of months in 1913 and 1969 in his tenth incarnation (to name just two examples). Many of the Doctor's known Earth companions have originated from this century.


19th century Timeline 21st century

This article uses material from the "20th century" article on the Dr Who wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.


Up to date as of February 02, 2010

Memory Beta, the wiki for licensed Star Trek content.

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s



Major Events

Notable Groups


  • Jazz
  • Lounge singer
  • Rock & Roll
  • Hot Rod


Events of unspecificed date

References and Notes


This article uses material from the "20th century" article on the Memory-beta wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

ST Expanded

Up to date as of February 07, 2010

The Star Trek Expanded Universe Database is for fanon and related content. See Memory-Alpha.org for the canon Star Trek wiki.

For the purposes of this encyclopedia, the 20th century is defined to run from 1900 CE to 1999 CE.

Strictly speaking the 20th century of the Gregorian calendar (referred to by Spock as the "old calendar") ran from 1901 to 2000, but starting in 1900 means the decade entries are not split over century boundaries.

The notation BCE ("Before Common Era") and CE ("Common Era") are alternative neutral notations for BC ("Before Christ") and AD ("anno Domini"), respectively.


Major Events

1914 - 1918 CE
World War I on Earth took place amongst various nations in various locales on Earth, lasting 4 years. Nearly 10 million people serving in any military died, and nearly another 10 million people serving in any military in the conflict went missing. Some historians believe the events and outcomes of World War I shaped the conditions for World War II. [1]
1917 CE
The Russian Revolution on Earth started a socialist world movement. [2]
1929 - Approximately 1942 CE
The Great Depression on Earth caused hardship for many people, including high unemployment and homelessness. [3] (TOS: "City on the Edge of Forever")
1933 - 1945 CE
Holocaust on Earth was led by German chancellor Adolf Hitler and was a part of the larger conflict known as World War II. In the Holocaust, Jewish, Polish and Slavic peoples, as well as those who were considered "undesireable" (homosexuals, mentally- and physically-disabled, communists, some elements of religious communities, prisoners of war, et cetera), were among the races Hitler considered inferior to the German "master race." During this time period, over 6 million Jews, "gypsies", homosexuals, mentally- and physically-ill people, amongst many other groups, were killed in the concentration camps. Many dissenters and critics of the Nazis were also killed or maimed to silence them. [4]
1939 - 1945 CE
World War II took place amongst various nations in various locales on Earth, lasting exactly 6 years and 1 day. Between 57 and 62 million people, military and civilians, died in the conflict. The formation of the United Nations in the aftermath of World War II was one of the results of the war. [5]
1948 CE
Israel officially established on Earth as the new homeland of the Jewish people. Since this arrangement displaces Islamic Palestinians from their homeland, violent territorial conflict takes place in subsequent decades, which is a contributing in Earth's third and final world war.
Approximately 1957 - 1975 CE
The Space Race on Earth between the USA and USSR took place. This led to artificial satellites, animals and humans in space. In 1969, humans first walked on another celestial object, the Moon. Historians regard the linking of USA and USSR spacecraft in 1975 as the end of the Space Race. This race also led to significant advances in technology and education. [6]
Approximately 1980 - 21st century CE
The Information Age dawned on Earth through mass use of personal computers and the Internet. People were able to communicate with each other in new and often free ways, providing information at a quicker pace than ever before in human history. [7]
1981 CE
AIDS was discovered and officially recognized on Earth, quickly becoming the largest pandemic of Earth's twentieth century. Historians at the time disagreed on when HIV, the virus that caused AIDS, first infected humans, but estimates ranged from 1930 to 1950. Three early documented cases of HIV include:
* In an adult male from Congo, Africa in 1959
* In an African-American teenager who died in St. Louis, USA in 1969
* In a Norwegian sailor who died around 1976. [8], [9]
1992 CE
The European Union on Earth is officially established through the Maastricht Treaty (although earlier versions of the European Union existed before this through the Treaty of Rome in 1957). This led to the increasing globalization of Earth, eventually leading to the events of World War III, and, beyond that, a United Earth government, finalized in 2150 when Australia joined. [10] (TNG: "Attached")
19th century Timeline
20th century
21st century

External links

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This article uses material from the "20th century" article on the ST Expanded wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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